Place:Carleton, Ontario, Canada

Watchers
NameCarleton
TypeCounty
Coordinates45.3°N 75.6°W
Located inOntario, Canada     (1798 - 1969)
Also located inUpper Canada, Canada     (1792 - 1841)
Canada West, Canada     (1841 - 1867)
See alsoJohnstown District, Upper Canada, Canada1798-1822
Bathurst District, Upper Canada, Canada1822-1838
Dalhousie District, Upper Canada, Canada1838-1849
Contained Places
Hamlet
Burritts Rapids ( - 2001 )
Carlsbad Springs ( - 2001 )
Carsonby ( - 2001 )
Corkery ( - 2001 )
Dwyer Hill ( - 2001 )
Galetta ( - 2001 )
Woodlawn ( - 2001 )
Inhabited place
Ashton ( - 2001 )
Bearbrook ( 1969 - )
Bells Corners ( - 2001 )
Billings Bridge ( - 2001 )
Britannia ( - 2001 )
Burritts Rapids
Cardinal Heights
Carp ( - 2001 )
Cumberland ( 1969 - )
Cyrville ( - 2001 )
Edwards ( - 2001 )
Fallowfield ( 1700 - 2001 )
Fitzroy Harbour ( - 2001 )
Gloucester ( - 2001 )
Greely ( - 2001 )
Hazeldean ( - 2001 )
Huntley ( - 2001 )
Kars ( - 2001 )
Kenmore ( - 2001 )
Kinburn ( - 2001 )
Malakoff ( - 2001 )
Manotick ( 1830 - 2001 )
Marchhurst ( - 2001 )
Merivale Gardens
Merivale ( - 2001 )
Metcalfe ( - 2001 )
North Gower ( 1846 - 2001 )
Osgoode ( - 2001 )
Ottawa ( 1827 - present )
Pine Glen
Ramsayville ( - 2001 )
Richmond ( 1818 - 2001 )
Rockcliffe Park ( - 2001 )
Rockland
Sarsfield ( 1969 - )
South Gloucester ( - 2001 )
South March ( - 2001 )
Spring Hill ( - 2001 )
Stittsville ( - 2001 )
Vanier ( - 2001 )
Vars ( 1969 - )
Vernon
Suburb
Hawthorne ( 1859 - 2001 )
Kanata ( - 2001 )
Orléans ( - 2001 )
Osgoode ( - 2001 )
Township
Cumberland (township) ( 1969 - 2001 )
Fitzroy ( 1823 - 2001 )
Gloucester (township) ( 1838 - 2001 )
Goulbourn ( 1818 - 2001 )
Huntley (township) ( 1841 - 2001 )
March ( 1825 - 2001 )
Marlborough ( 1791 - 1974 )
Nepean ( 1800 - 2001 )
North Gower (township) ( 1792 - 1974 )
Osgoode (township) ( 1798 - 2001 )
Rideau ( 1974 - 2001 )
Torbolton ( 1821 - 2001 )
West Carleton ( 1974 - 2001 )

Carleton County is located in eastern Ontario on the Ottawa River. It was established as a county in 1800 when it was part of the Johnstown District. As population increased more administrative districts were set up, Carleton became part of the Bathurst District in 1822 and of the Dalhousie District in 1838. When the District system of administration was abolished in 1849, Carleton became the judicial successor to Dalhousie District.
The county was not surveyed till 1819, but was established in 1798 when it was named for Sir Guy Carleton. It was originally much larger than it is now, including most of Lanark County. The county was reduced to its present size when the Dalhousie District was established in 1838. The county town was originally Bytown, which was renamed Ottawa in 1855. Ottawa was declared the Capital of the Canada at Confederation in 1867.
There were 10 townships in 1850. During the next century Ottawa amalgamated many sections of Carleton County. In 1969 it was superseded by the Regional Municipality of Ottawa-Carleton which covered the same area as Carleton County had in 1849 with the addition of Cumberland Township from Russell County. In 2001 the Regional Municipality and the eleven local municipalities within it were replaced by the current City of Ottawa with one tier of administration.

The Rideau River and the Rideau Canal both flow from the south through the outlying townships/suburbs and then through the centre of Ottawa and into the Ottawa River. The construction of the Rideau Canal was significant in the growth of Bytown into Ottawa in the middle of the 19th century.

image:640px-Newottawamap.png Map of Ottawa and Carleton County from Wikipedia Commons

A sketchmap from Ontario GenWeb gives a more visible outline of the townships.

The map of Carleton County circa 1951 from Ontario Archives locates the communities and physical features of the county. (Click at the bottom of the page to see the map enlarged.)

Timeline of Administration Changes for Carleton County

1788 Majority of county in the Eastern District
1798 Majority of county in the Johnstown District
1822 Majority of county in the Bathurst District
1838 Entire county in the Dalhousie District
1849 Carleton County takes local responsibility after administrative districts abolished throughout Canada West
1969 County abolished. Established as Regional Municipality of Ottawa-Carleton
2001 Regional Municipality and its local municipalities replaced by the current administration called the City of Ottawa

For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Carleton County, Ontario.

Research Tips

The primary source for basic documents (vital statistics, land records, wills) for people who lived in the Province of Ontario is the Archives of Ontario, 134 Ian Macdonald Blvd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M7A 2C5.

Early Records

Civil registration did not begin in the province until 1869. Before then there may be church records of baptisms and burials. For the most part these are still held by the denomination who recorded them. Copies of marriage records made pre-1869 had to be sent by individual clergymen to the registrar of the county in which the marriage took place. These marriage records are available through Ontario Archives, on micorfilm through LDS libraries, and on paid and unpaid websites, but because they were copied at the registrars' offices, they cannot be considered a primary source.

Vital Records after 1869

Birth, marriage and death registrations are not open to the public until a specific number of years after the event occurred. Births to 1915 are now available [October 2014]; dates for marriages and deaths are later. Birth and death registration was not universally carried out in the early years after its adoption. Deaths were more apt to be reported than births for several years. The more rural the area, the less likely it would be that these happenings were reported to the authorities.
Images and indexes of civil registrations for the "viewable" years can be found on paid websites, and indexes only on FamilySearch. The FamilySearch Wiki on Ontario Vital Records explains how these records are organized and their availability.
In September 2014 Ancestry.ca announced that its paid website has been subjected to a "houseclean" of its Ontario BMD database, adding data that had been omitted and making many corrections. Its provision now includes

  • Births, with 2,172,124 records covering 1869-1913.
  • Marriages, with 3,393,369 records for 1801-1928 including Ontario county, district and Roman Catholic origins as well as province-wide civil registration.
  • Deaths, with 2,190,030 records comprising Ontario civil registrations of deaths, 1869-1938 and registrations of Ontario overseas deaths for 1939-1947.


Land Records and Wills

Information on how to access land records and wills is best sought on the Archives of Ontario website. An ancestor's land holding might be found on Canadian County Atlas Digital Project if he was in occupancy circa 1878.

Association for the Preservation of Ontario Land Registry Office Documents (APOLROD). A list of Land Registry Offices for all Counties of Ontario.

Censuses

The original censuses are in the hands of Library and Archives Canada, known to Canadians as "LAC". Copies of original microfilms are online at the LAC website for all censuses up to 1911. Each census database is preceded with an explanation of the geographical area covered, the amount of material retained (some census division material has been lost), the questions on the census form, and whether there is a name index. Census divisions were redrawn as the population increased and more land was inhabited. The 1921 census is only available through Ancestry.ca, but it is free-to-view.
Other websites, some paid and some free, also provide Canadian census originals and/or indexes online. One can also view censuses on microfilm at the LAC, at the Archives of Ontario (see address above), or at large libraries throughout Canada.

E-books and Books

  • The Internet Archive, particularly texts from Canadian universities, can contain interesting material
  • Our Roots is a Canadian website similar to The Internet Archive
  • Global Genealogy is an online bookshop specializing in Ontario material who will ship anywhere in the world.

Researching in Eastern Ontario

The website of the Ottawa Branch of the Ontario Genealogical Society offers a number of search engines for databases of material they maintain:

The Society covers the counties of Carleton (combined with the city of Ottawa), Lanark, Renfrew, Prescott and Russell. There is a note on the website that the URL will be changing soon (Jun 2012). It may be best to “google” the Ottawa Branch of OGS.

source: Family History Library Catalog
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Carleton County, Ontario. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.