- source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
- source: Family History Library Catalog
Description based on Scottish Places article on Berwickshire.
- A former county of southeast Scotland, Berwickshire had an area of 461 sq. miles (1193km2) and was bounded to the north by East Lothian, to the east by the North Sea, to the southeast by England, to the south and southwest by Roxburghshire and to the west by Midlothian, extending southwards from the Lammermuir Hills to the lower course of the River Tweed which still forms the border with England. Tributaries of the Tweed, which provided Berwickshire with its principal rivers, include the Leader, Blackadder and Whiteadder.
- Its county town was Duns, with other significant settlements including Coldstream, Coldingham, the fishing port of Eyemouth, Greenlaw and Lauder. In 1974 it was incorporated into the short-lived Borders Region as Berwickshire District which was replaced by Scottish Borders Council Area in the local government reorganisation of 1996.
For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Berwickshire. especially the section "History--County".
Sources for Old Parish Registers Records, Vital Records and Censuses
- Scotland's People This is a pay website providing vital statistics and census data for all of Scotland with original images. There is a description at Scotland under Genealogical Resources.
Notes for Berwickshire
- GENUKI has a list of references for Berwickshire. Some of these may be superseded by more modern material.
- The Borders Family History Society provides a page of facts and publications for each of the parishes in its area. They have a lot of material. On each parish page is a map of the local area taken from either the Ordnance Survey Quarter-inch to the mile, Scotland, 1921-1923 series or the Ordnance Survey One-inch to the mile, Popular edition, Scotland, 1920-1930 series. These maps are not visible immediately upon opening a page, but worthwhile scrolling down to find.
Further Sources of Reference
Please note and respect the copyright warnings on these websites.
- GENUKI article on Berwickshire. These articles often include a bibliography.
- Scottish Places article on the county of Berwickshire. The tabs of the right provide more information, and a map of the parish within its surrounding area, with small settlements highlighted and linked to further information.
- The FamilySearch Wiki article on Berwickshire for a general account of the holdings for FamilySearch for the county.
- The National Library of Scotland have a website devoted to maps from the 1600s right up to the present. Comparisons of modern-day and old maps of the same place can be made. From the home page click on "Find by place" and then follow the instructions on the next page. Once you are viewing the place you want, use the slider <----> at the top of the map to compare the layout of roads and the place names of smaller areas, perhaps even farms, with the landscape today. The website takes some getting used to. The One-inch 2nd edition, Scotland, 1898-1904 OS is a series of maps with the parishes delineated. Each of these maps cover an area of 18 x 24 miles and will zoom to comfortable reading size with a couple of mouse clicks on the map itself. Unfortunately, they are not geo-referenced, and it is necessary to go to the OS One Inch 1885-1900 series to locate places by latitude and longitude.
- The Statistical Accounts for Scotland In the 1790s and again in the 1830s, the ministers of the all the parishes of the Church of Scotland were asked to provide a description of their parish to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland. The original account request included 160 questions to be answered. These accounts are available in print in 20 volumes and are also online where it is freely available to browse. The browsing portal is below the viewing area of most computer screens. Scroll down to "For non-subscribers" and click on "Browse scanned pages". This brings you to another page on which one can enter the name of the parish in which you are interested.
- Excerpts from The Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland: A Survey of Scottish Topography, Statistical, Biographical and Historical, edited by Francis H. Groome and originally published in parts by Thomas C. Jack, Grange Publishing Works, Edinburgh between 1882 and 1885 are provided by Scottish Places. Selections from Groome and other gazetteers from the 19th century are also found on GENUKI.