Austerfield is a village and civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster (part of South Yorkshire, England), on the border with Nottinghamshire. It lies to the north-east of Bawtry on the A614 road to Finningley, and is located at 53° 26' 30" North, 1° 0' West, at an elevation of around 7 metres (23 feet) above sea level. It is close to the River Idle, and has a population of 571.
Its name derives from the Germanic 'Ouestraefeld' meaning 'eastern field'.
A council was convened by King Aldfrith of Northumbria at Austerfield in 702,which was then on the boundary between the two Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of Northumbria and Mercia, attended by Berhtwald, Archbishop of Canterbury to decide on whether Saint Wilfrid should become Archbishop of York. Austerfield contains the 11th century church of St Helena, built in 1080 by John de Builli, where William Bradford", Pilgrim Father" and governor of Plymouth Colony, who was born in Austerfield, was baptised. The ancient font in which Bradford was baptised was accidentally discovered at a local farm 40 years ago, and can be seen at the church.
English comedy writer Roy Clarke, known for 'Last of the Summer Wine' and 'Open All Hours', was born here in 1930.
Historically, Austerfield was in the ecclesiastical parish of Blythe in Nottinghamshire, but in the wapentake of Strafforth and Tickhill in the West Riding. From 1894 until 1974, Austerfield was located in Doncaster Rural.