Facts and Events
William Patterson was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia
- WIlliam Patterson Cemetery, Stinking Creek
- Southern Campaigns Pension Applications
From his Southern Campaigns Pension Applications Revolutionary War Pension Application] we know that William Patterson was born between August of 1749 and July of 1750 in Augusta County, Virginia. During the Revolution he enlisted "20 miles from Staunton" serving in a company of the 9th Virginia Regiment Continental Line, under Captain John Hays and Colonel George Mathews. Shortly after enlistment he was promoted to sergeant. William served in the Battle of Brandywine and and was taken prisoner at the Battle of Germantown October 4, 1777. He remained a prisoner for nine months until exchanged by the British, and discharged. Christopher Horn, fellow soldier in the ninth Virginia regiment, testified that he had known WIlliam all his life, and that after the war they were For many years since he has lived a near neighbor to the said [WIlliam Patterson]. Sometime before 1801, when he appeared in local tax records, he moved to Stinking Creek, Knox County Kentucky. Here he obtained a 100 acre land grant.
William's wife is identified in his pension application only as "Jane". In 1827 he gives her age as about 40, implying a DOB of about 1787. From that we can presume that they married about 1800, perhaps in Virginia, and perhaps in Kentucky. SInce he would have been about 50 years of age in 1800 Jane may have been a second wife. The marriage may have taken place considerably after 1800. While William tells the court that he has three children. We can only assume that they were by his then wife Jane, but its possible that they were the children of an earlier marriage.
William "...was pensioned at the rate of $8 per month commencing January 18th, 1829, for service as a private in the Virginia Continental line for 2 years." His gravemarker indicates that he died in 1840. The marker appears to be a commemorative stone, rather than a true gravestone contemporary with his death; this stone was probably erected many years after his death. Additional data is needed to confirm when he died.
There are a number of Patterson lineages in Old Augusta during the settlement period. William pension application gives his birth as 1750 in Augusta County, and that he enlisted in the ninth regiment in 1776 near Staunton. This indicates that his parents were still in Old Augusta in 1750, and that he himself remained there until at least 1776. His pension application indicates that he was recruited "20 miles from Staunton". While its likely that his place of recruitment was close to his home, its also possible that he traveled a more substantial distance from home to the recruiting station. In any case, the his recuritment location could have been anywhere from the northern portions of modern Rockbridge County, to the souther portions of modern Rockingham County.
|The adjacent map shows the approximate location of the nominal head of the major patriarchical lines present in Old Augusta. Of the four lines shown here (there are other lineages about which relatively little is known), that of Robert of Linville Creek (line of William Patterson (75) the Irish Patriarch) can probably be ruled-out, as all known members of this lineage left the area before the Revolution. James the Saddler
Given his location close to Staunton, it seems likely Robert of Cathey's River was Williams kinsman. Other patriarchal lines, however, can not be ruled-out.
- Land Grant - William Patterson received a land grant of 100 acres on Stinking Creek, Walker, Knox County, Kentucky, for his mililtary service.
- 1801 Knox County Kentucky Tax List
- March 17 - Paterson, William; Paterson, Robert
Information from “Virginia/West Virginia Genealogical Data from Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty Land Warrant Records”, Vol. 4, compiled by Patrick G. Wardell, Lt. Col. U.S. Army Ret. :
- Patterson, William - entered service 1775 in Augusta County, Virginia, in 9th Virginia Regiment; received Pension age 75 Knox County, Kentucky, 1835 occupation farmer, when had wife & 3 children; Christopher Horn made affidavit there then he entered service with soldier in 9th Virginia Regiment at Staunton, Virginia. F-S35545, R1888.
- State of Kentucky
- Knox County Court 5 Circuit
- January Term 1825 ~
- William Patterson an applicant for a pension proved in court a statement of the services performed by him during the Revolutionary War in order to obtain the provisions of several acts of Congress relating to persons engaged in the land and naval service of the United States during the Revolutionary War which statement being sworn to in open court in due form of law is ordered to be entered of record copied and certified to the Secretary of War and is in the words and figures following (to wit):
- State of Kentucky Knox County 5 Circuit
- On the 10th day of January 1825 personally appeared in open court (it being a court of record by law and having the power to fine and imprison) William Patterson a resident in said county aged seventy five years who being first duely sworn according to law doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the provisions made by the acts of the 18th of March 1818 the 1st of May 1820 and the 1st of March 1823 that he the said William Patterson enlisted for the sum of two years in March 1775 in the County Augusta and the State of Virginia in the company commanded by Capt John Hays in the Regiment commanded by Col George Matthews in the line of the State of Virginia on continental establishment and called the ninth Virginia Regiment that he continued to serve in the corps until the Battle of Germantown when and where he was taken prisoner until the time of enlistment expired when he was discharged at Elizbethtown Point in the state of New Jersey by an officer whose name is not recollected that when he was taken prisoner at the Battle of Germantown the British marched him to Philadelphia there he was kept nine months then sent to the city of New York and there remained about one month and then sent with about seven hundred man to Elizbethtown Point in New Jersey and there discharged as before stated that he was in the Battle of Brandywine and several other skirmishes before the Battle of Germantown that he served more than one year before he was taken prisoner that he served more than two years on the continental line and in the service of the United States that shortly after his enlistment he was promoted to the rank of sergeant that he was under his Capt Col and in the same regiment he enlisted when he was take prisoner. And I do solemnly swear that I was a resident citizen of the United States on the 18th day of March 1818 and that I have not since that time by gift sale or any other manner disposed of my property or any part thereof with intent thereby so to diminish it as to bring myself within the provisions of an act of Congress initiated an act to provide for certain persons engaged in the land and naval service of the United in the revolutionary war passed on the 18th day of March 1818 and that I have not nor has any other person for me intrust any property on securities contracts or debts due to me nor have I any income other than what is contained the schedule hereto entered and by me subscribed
- 1 old horse $10.00
- 5 head cattle $22.00
- 13 head of hogs $12.35
- I have a wife and three children and am a farmer by occupation from infirmity and past labour.
- (signed) William Patterson
- Knox County Ct.
- We the undersigned housekeepers for the County of Knox have valued the property of William Patterson and find his schedule to be correct amounting in the sum of $44.35 sworn to in open court.
- James Stewart
- David Baker
- Abraham Dean
- William Patterson makes oath that he is indebted as follows Wm Gale for $34.50, Jack Chick $12.00, Joseph Mills $9.00, Thomas Gregory $5.00, and William Williams $6.00 and that there is due him about $9.00. We do certify that William Patterson is a creditable witness given under our hands as Justices of said county this 10th day of January 1825.
- Jarvis Jackson
- Randolph Adams
- Wesley Garnett
- Gale Cox
- Also appeared in open court Christopher Horn a creditable witness and made oath that he enlisted in service to on Augusta County Virginia with William Patterson who now applies for a pension in Capt John Hays ninth Virginia Regiment commanded by Col George Matthews and well knows that he served as stated in his declaration and that they lived neighbors for many years in said county.
- Christopher Horn
- ↑ pension application gives a statement ihe made 10 July 1827 in which he states he is 77 years of age. That gives a DOB of no later than July of 1750, but possibly as early as August of 1749.