Person:William Gooch (16)

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Sir/Gov. William Gooch, 1st Baronet
m. abt. 1670
  1. Sir/Gov. William Gooch, 1st Baronet1681 - 1751
  • HSir/Gov. William Gooch, 1st Baronet1681 - 1751
  • WRebecca Stauntonabt 1683 -
m. 1710
  1. William Goochabt 1723 - abt 1749
Facts and Events
Name Sir/Gov. William Gooch, 1st Baronet
Gender Male
Birth[1] 12 October 1681 Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, England
Marriage 1710 London, Middlesex, Englandto Rebecca Staunton
Death[1] 17 December 1751 London, Middlesex County, England

Gov. William Gooch was one of the Early Settlers of Colonial Virginia

Image:Early Virginia Settler Banner.jpg



the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Sir William Gooch, 1st Baronet (21 October 1681 – 17 December 1751), born in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, England, and died in London, served as Governor of Virginia from 1727 through 1749. Technically, Gooch only had the title Royal Lieutenant Governor, but the nominal governors, George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney, and Willem Anne van Keppel, 2nd Earl of Albemarle, were in England and did not exercise much authority. Gooch’s tenure as governor was characterized by his unusual political effectiveness. One of his greatest successes was the passage of the Tobacco Inspection Act of 1730. The Act called for the inspection and regulation of Virginia’s tobacco, the most important crop of the colony. Tobacco planters were required to transport their crop to public warehouses where it was inspected and stored. The Act raised the quality of Virginia’s tobacco and reduced fraud; this greatly increased the demand for Virginia tobacco in Europe.

Gooch’s military policy focused on protecting the western territory from Native Americans and French encroachment. He promoted the settlement of the Shenandoah Valley in order to buffer the rest of the colony from Indian attacks, and to prevent the French from settling the land. However, in the early 1730s, Western expansion was fraught by the Iroquois invasion each spring, as settlements inevitably fell along their war-trails leading south. Gooch decided to broker peace between the Six Nations and their southern enemies, to end the warfare. He hired Conrad Weiser to negotiate in the winter of 1736 and 1737, before the war season began. Weiser was successful in negotiating an armistice, allowing Gooch to authorize settlement of the Shenandoah Valley.


He had many military credentials including fighting under John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough in his campaigns in the Low Countries and with Admiral Edward Vernon in his expedition against Cartagena, New Grenada (now in Colombia) as part of the War of Jenkins' Ear. During King George's War, Gooch received an appointment as brigadier-general in charge of the army raised to invade Canada, but declined. Gooch was made a baronet in 1746 and a major general in 1747. Also in 1747, Gooch made a speech condemning all religious groups aside from the established Church. However, in 1738, Gooch had given a group of Presbyterians the right to settle new territory under the conditions of the English Act of Toleration. In 1749, Gooch left Virginia and returned to England.

Gooch married Rebecca Staunton (for whom Staunton, Virginia is named), the daughter of a squire in Middlesex, England. The two had a son named William who grew up in Williamsburg. William became a naval officer, but died of the “bloody flux” at the age of 26, shortly before his parents returned to England.

Gooch honored himself with the naming of Goochland County, Virginia in 1727.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Sir William Gooch, 1st Baronet. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Sir William Gooch, 1st Baronet, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).