Facts and Events
Samuel's birth year is a guesstimate based on his giving his daughter Elizabeth a horse in 1688. It is ASSUMED that she was abt 18 years old; perhaps getting married, and that he was about 25 years old when she was born. So lots of assumptions there. Samuel is mentioned in a court case in 1683 which indicates he was probably born prior to 1662.
Relationship of Samuel to his son Francis is proved by an analysis of deeds and the fact of his grandson also named Francis selling the 200 acres mentioned in Samuel's original 1694 deed. For deeds proving the relationship of son, Francis, and grandson, Francis, see the Notes of both Francis the son and Francis the grandson.
NOTE: DNA test results from Samuel's descendants have indicated that this Samuel is closely related to Robert Jackson of Hempstead, Queens County, New York. As of February, 2010, no connection has been found. But it is known that Robert of Hempstead mentioned in his will a son named Samuel who was born about 1645-1647. Since nothing more is known about Robert's son Samuel, it is tempting to conjecture and wonder if this Samuel in Prince William was Robert's son. The DNA of descendants of Robert of Hempstead and Samuel of Prince William says there is a close relationship.
Comments from User:JackMc: So we see two alternatives for Samuel; he could be Robert's son or he could be related to another early immigrant who was related to Robert in England. There is a book called "Mayflower" by Nathaniel Philbrick which raises some interesting possibilities. Since Robert Jackson was evidently part of a Separatist group and came from Scrooby, the story in the book has led to some interesting possibilities for our Jackson research in Virginia. Within the book was mentioned a Francis Blackwell that took another group of separatists to the Isle of Wight County, Virginia a few years earlier than the Mayflower. And that has led to an Edward Bennettt who also brought separatists to the Isle of Wight and he has descendants married into a Richard Jackson lineage, this Richard being born in England died prior to 1666. There is also a Samuel Jackson in this Isle of Wight information and he might be the Samuel we find in Stafford County in the mid to late 1600s.
Comments from Marty Grundy, historian: "There is no biological reason that the DNA somehow started all fresh with Robert of Hempstead. It has to go back to earlier generations, which then brings a whole new batch of cousins into play. Checking now into the historical record has already opened up some interesting possibilities. The next step is to see if the next few generations back can be pieced together, those before any of these Separatists left England. The problem is that's when the written records begin to get dicey. Most parish records do not go back farther than the last third or so of the 1500s. If folks are wealthy enough, there should be wills, or if they are gentry or minor nobility, there may be records. Otherwise it is pretty difficult to trace family connections." --end of comments from Mrs. Grundy--
We may never know unless someone finds something more about Robert's son Samuel. Or if someone from England has done some DNA work and has the ability to compare DNA to Robert's line here in America. The DNA of Robert's line is distinct enough to readily distinguish it from other Jackson lines.
By 1636 there was little to no settlement in the Northern Neck. It was then called "The Chickacoan District" and was not formally organized into a county (Northumberland) until "about 1645."
Deeds and other recorded documents
The following deeds have been found and transcribed in an effort to learn about this Samuel and the history of his land and the land surrounding his. Apparently the land Samuel granted was situated in that part of Stafford County which later was cut out in 1731 as part of Prince William County. After Dettingen Parish was established in 1745, the land was said to be in Dettingen Parish.
1683 Stafford County Deed Book D, 1686-93, p. 256, from abstract by Ruth and Sam Sparacio.
1688 Feb 13 - STAFFORD COUNTY VA DEED & WILL BOOK 1686 - 1689; THE ANTIENT PRESS, pg 107a
1694 25 Sep 200A was conveyed by said Andrew GIBSON to Samuel JACKSON.
1694 Oct 15 DB 2, pg 36
1710 Sep 25 111 acres From Maruritte Lady Fairfax to Samuel Jackson on the Main Run of Quanticot, adjoining his own land.
The above are the three parcels Samuel is recorded as owning during his lifetime.
1703 Stafford County, Samuel Jackson was paid bounty for wolf.
1701 14 May John West, J. Peake, James Herriford and Samuel Jackson met at the home of Mrs. Ann Owsley and took an inventory of the effects of Thomas Owsley and on 2 June 1701 appraised their value. An additional inventory was held on 6 October 1701 which included "one sorrey Indian slave, one lame boy about 9 years old, one old bull, one old servant" (Stafford Co. Record Book, 1699-1709, p. 114). See 1723 below where mention is made of John Peake having the Jackson orphans. These weren't Samuel's children though, because he was still alive and paid his rent due on the same 1723 record of the orphans.
1708 Nov 7 3-191 Robert Hedges of Stafford Co. 160A on Quanticott Cr. in Stafford Co. Wrnt Adjoins Sam'l Jackson. see 1712 & 1731 & 1741.
1723 Quit Rent was lawfully demanded of Samuel Jackson for 460 acres. It is in this record that mention is made that "John Peake has the Jackson orphans." It is unknown who these children are.
1730 Apr 10 C-58 John Ashmore of Stafford Co., 510A in Stafford Co on Br of Quantico adjoining Samuel Jackson.
1731 Aug 27 C-10 John Farrow of PWC had 724 acres on the branches of Quantico adjoining the lands of Robert Hedges, Francis Jackson & Samuel Jackson. See 1708 3-191. This is the first deed showing Francis and Samuel with adjoining land but see that Samuel's land also adjoined Hedges in the 1708 deed mentioned above.
1741 Jan 16 E-402 Thomas Harrison of PWC, Gent. 221 A in PWC on Quantico Run adj Robert Hedges, Francis Jackson, Philemon Waters, Samuel Jackson's now Harrison's land. serv. by Capt. Joseph Berry. See 1708.
It appears that this Samuel JACKSON died in Stafford County shortly before 1722 and his presumed son John died shortly before 1721. Will Book K, 1721-1730, is lost, but an Old General Index for Stafford County includes a list of the contents for that missing book. Here are pertinent entries, with dates as calculated by Nicklen. Someone named FARROW was apparently the creditor (or administrator?) of one or the other.
JACKSON, John. (1721). Page 11, inventory.
1712 Apr 4th Page 65 of unknown deed book Lancaster County, Virginia It surprised me to note a reference to Jackson's Mill in a Lancaster Co Deed! Catherine Lady Fairfax …proprietor of the Northern Neck of Virginia…. To Tharshall Grasby of the County of Lancaster upon his suggestion of a certain quantity of land belonging to me in ye said County which is not yet Granted Did on ye 4th day of Dec last obtain a Warrant from my office for laying out ye same And having now return'd a Survey thereof …. The hand of Mr. John Coppedge Surveyor Know YEE therefore … have granted …. Unto the said Tharshall Grasby 226 acres . . . to a branch of ye said Hugh Brents Swamp thence along the said line South fifty nine degrees East one hundred ?-five pole to a Corner white Oak of John Browns being down on a Hill on ye North side of Jacksons Mill . . .
1792 Jun 4 [A much later reference to the Jackson Mill] DB Y: pgs 148-153
Prince William: The Story of Its People and Its Places
Therefore, we have evidence of Samuel owning three parcels of land which we will attempt to follow in determining Samuel's descendants.
Note that in 1728 there is still land recorded in name of a Samuel Jackson.