Facts and Events
||Robert Ier de Bourgogne
||Robert I , Duke of Burgundy
||Meulan,Yvelines,FranceHouse of Burgundy
||Franceto Héliette de Semur
from Héliette de Semur
||Atholl,,Perth,Scotlandto Ermengarde d'Anjou
||, , , Franceto Ermengarde d'Anjou
||to Ermengarde d'Anjou
||21 Mar 1076
||Fleurey-sur-Ouche, Côte-d'Or, Bourgogne, France
||Abbaye de St Seine, Semur, Bourgogne
- the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia
Robert I of Burgundy, known as Robert the Old(1011 – 21 March 1076) and "Tete-Hardi" was Duke of Burgundy from 1032 to his death. Robert was son of King Robert II of France and brother of Henry I of France.
In 1025, with the death of his eldest brother Hugh Magnus, he and Henry rebelled against their father and defeated him, forcing him back to Paris. In 1031, after the death of his father the king, Robert participated in a rebellion against his brother, in which he was supported by his mother, Constance of Arles. Peace was only achieved when Robert was given Burgundy (1032).
Throughout his reign, he was little more than a robber baron who had no control over his own vassals, whose estates he often plundered, especially those of the Church. He seized the income of the diocese of Autun and the wine of the canons of Dijon. He burgled the abbey of St-Germain at Auxerre. In 1055, he repudiated his wife, Helie of Semur, and assassinated her brother Joceran and murdered her father, his father-in-law, Lord Dalmace I of Semur, with his own hands. In that same year, the bishop of Langres, Harduoin, refused to dedicate the church of Sennecy so as not "to be exposed to the violence of the duke."
His first son, Hugh, died in battle at a young age and his second son, Henry, also predeceased him. He was succeeded by Henry's eldest son, his grandson, Hugh I.
- Robert I, Duke of Burgundy, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
- Robert I de Bourgogne, Duc de Bourgogne, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 ROBERT de France, son of ROBERT II "le Pieux" King of France & his third wife Constance d'Arles ([1011/12]-church of Fleury-sur-Ouche, Côte d’Or 8 or 18 Mar 1076, bur Abbaye de Saint-Seine, Côte d’Or)., in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
- ↑ Biographie en Wikipedia FR, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
Robert de France1 né vers 1011 et mort le 21 mars 1076, duc de Bourgogne de 1032 à 1076, comte de Charolais, de Langres (1027), et d'Auxerre (de 1040 à 1060).
Robert Ier était un prince de sang royal français, fils du roi de France Robert II le Pieux et de Constance d'Arles.
Selon l'historien E. Petit16, Robert de Bourgogne mourut le 21 mars 1076 d'un accident honteux et tragique sur lequel on n'a aucun détail, en l'église de Fleurey-sur-Ouche, et l'historien J. Richard dit au sujet de sa mort17 : « les historiens ecclésiastiques font grief au vieux duc d'un mariage « incestueux » contracté après la répudiation de la duchesse Hélie de Semur avec Ermengarde d'Anjou sa cousine au 3e degré qui descendait de Hugues le Grand, dit Hugues l'Abbé ; on fait allusion à une mort « honteuse » en ajoutant : « Robert mourut « dedecorose »18 en l'église de Fleurey-sur-Ouche ».