Facts and Events
Robert Armstrong was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia
Early Land Acquisition in Augusta County, VA
Acquisition of Land from Chalkley's:
- Page 26.--14th August, 1758. John Richey and Margaret (signed Margret ( ) Wales) to Robert Armstrong, Jr., £14.10.0, 76 acres on a draft of Jennings Branch.
- Page 87.--16th November, 1761. James Patton's executors to Robert Armstrong, £60, 432 acres on Beverley Manor; cor. to the Christian's land, Wm. Long's line, Joseph Mill's line, Wm. Robinson's line. Delivered: Wm. Armstrong, September, 1765.
Disposition of Land from Chalkley's:
- Page 264.--March, 1760. Robt. Armstrong to Samuel Wilson, £50, 76 acres deeded to John Ritchie by Mathew Edmiston and by Ritchie to Robert, on a draft of Jennings' Creek.
- Page 334.--15th October, 1765. Robert ( ) Armstrong and Elizabeth ( ) to William Armstrong, £100, 200 acres in Beverley Manor on a branch of Christian's Creek; William Robinson's corner, Joseph Mills' land. Delivered: Wm. Armstrong, October, 1766.
Processioning List of 1755
- "Processioning" was the periodic review and agreement of property lines between settler's lands. Processioning Lists are useful in determining the general area of a settlers lands and their neighbors at specific time periods:
- Page 147.--1755: John Finley and Alex. Crawford processioned as follows, viz: For James Sayers, for Alex. Gibson, for Andrew Foster, for Wm. Bell, for Thos. Armstrong, for Mathew Edmison, for Rob. Gilkison, for Thos. Gardner; James Bell's widow cannot show her lines; for John Trimble, for John Finley, for David Trimble, for Daniel McAnare, for Thos. Beard, for Alex. Crawford, for Jno. Allit, for James Kirk, for Robert Armstrong, for Robert McCitrick.
Records of Robert Armstrong in Augusta County, VA
From Chalkley’s Augusta County Records:
- Vol. 2 - FEE BOOKS OF AUGUSTA COURT - 1750-51; page 161, James and Robert Armstrong, Ormond's sons, (November, 1751), vs. Kinkade.
- Vol. 1 - MARCH 17, 1753. - (448) Robert Armstrong, qualified Capn. of Foot; James Armstrong, qualified Lieut. of Foot.
- Page 341.--7th October, 1759. James Armstrong's nuncupative will Wife, Sarah (pregnant); daughters, Liddy and Jean. Executors, wife Sarah and Bro. Robt. Armstrong. Teste: Thomas Lloyd, Samuel Archer. Proved, 21st November, 1759, by witnesses, and executors qualified, with Sampson Archer, James Bell.
- Vol. 2 - FEE BOOKS OF AUGUSTA COURT - 1761: page 73, Rob. Armstrong, alias Oldmond. (?)
- Vol. 1 - FEBRUARY 17, 1762. - (156) Rob. Armstrong is appointed guardian of Lydia, James and Jane Armstrong orphans of James Armstrong.
- Page 193.--17th February, 1762. Alex. Thompson by William Thompson, attorney to William Dean. Alex. Thompson, of Mill Creek Hundred, County of New Castle, on Delaware, taylor, on 7th October, 1761, gave power to William. £58, 202 acres in Beverley Manor, Mathew Thompson's cor. in a line of Robert Armstrong's land ; Alexander's land, cor. to Thompson's; cor. Robert Christian's land. Delivered: Jno. Dean, June, 1765.
- Page 121.--15th February, 1763. Samuel Wilson and Mary to John Kirk, £80, 76 acres on a draft of Jenning's Creek. Teste: Robert Armstrong, Wm. Magill, James Bell.
- Vol. 1 - OCTOBER, 1765 (D). - Cotton vs. Christian.--Debtor, Mr John Christian to James Cotton: 1764, June 13, to a subscription for four children of your own for five months and twenty-six days at 20/ per annum each; to a subscription for your brother, Capt. William Christian, for one child; to a subscription for William Dean, by your order, for one child; to three bushels of wheat. (Signed) James Cotton. Christian's Creek, September 21, 1765. Joseph Robinson deposes, 15th October, 1765, before John Buchanan: That he was present at an agreement between Mr. James Cotton and some persons about a school that he was then about to begin at Robert Armstrong's, on Christian's Creek, on the 11th day of June, 1764, and that the said Cotton had a liberty given him by the employers to give up the school at any time during the year at his pleasure, and that they were to pay him according to the time the school was kept, and that Mr. John Christian positively ordered me, the deponent, to subscribe a scholar for William Dean, and that said Dean had ordered him to do for him as though he were there present, and further this deponent sayeth not. Arbitrators give plaintiff £3.
- Page 133.--11th November, 1765. Sampson Archer and Rebekah, of York County, Pennsylvania, to John Archer, £20, 75 acres on a draft of Anderson's Branch, patented to Sampson, 26th September, 1760. Teste: Robert Armstrong, John Gardner, Robert Archer. Samuel Shinan (Shanan).
- Vol. 1 - AUGUST 22, 1767. - (247) Witnesses: Robert Armstrong, John Willson, Moses Collier.
- Vol. 1 - MARCH 21, 1768. - (94) Robt Armstrong appointed surveyor of highway from Archer's Mill to the Dry Branch Gap.
- Vol. 1 - MARCH 28, 1771. (231) John Stuart vs. Sampson Mathews. Abates by plaintiff's death, (242) Archer Mathews--no inhabitant, (246) Robert Armstrong--no inhabitant. (Note: Robert Armstrong had apparently left Augusta by this time).
- Page 289.--82d August, 1774. Samuel Wilson's will--Executors, wife Mary and Thomas Hugart; to eldest son. Ralpli, 5 shillings; to next eldest son, Elibable, plantation testator lives on; to youngest son, Sampson, £100, infant; to daughter, Ruth, infant; to wife, Mary. Teste: John Jordan, John McCoy, Joseph Gamwell. Proved, 16th November, 1774, by McCoy and Gamwell. Hugart refuses to execute. Mary qualifies with Thos. Hugart, Robert Armstrong.
- Page 164.--20th May, 1780. John Archer's will--To wife, Rebecca; to brother, Sampson Archer; to sister, Elizabeth Stuart; to William Blair's daughter, Rebecca; to John Blayr, son of my friend William Blair; to Mary Ross, wife of Robert Ross; to the poor, whether friends or strangers, remainder of estate. Executors. John Poage, Robert Armstrong. Teste: William Clunie, William Blear, James Anderson, John Richey.
- Vol. 1 - (abt. 1780-1783) - SINGLE PAPER. - Archer's Executors vs. Poage's Executors.--Single package. Receipt, 28th May, 1781, by William Blair to Robert Armstrong, for 4, 3, 6, in full of legacy to William's daughter, by John Archer.
- Page 332.--15th August, 1786. John Poage, of Augusta, and Robert Armstrong, executors of John Archer, deceased, of Greenbrier, to George Moffett.
- Page 461.--18th August, 1786. Robert Armstrong, executor of John Archer, executes the power in the will by giving one-half of the residuum of the estate to John Archer, nephew of John Archer, deceased, and the other half to be divided between Sampson Archer, Sr., and Sampson Archer, Jr., children--induced to do this because they are relatives and are objects of charity. Teste: Andrew Downey, J. Mathews.
- Page 28.--20th July, 1790. Robert Armstrong, executor of John Archer, deceased, and George Moffett, to Henry Hermone, part of 2,400 acres patented to John Archer, deceased, 2d March, 1781, and George Moffett, having by mistake received a title.
- Page 463.--20th February, 1792. Robert Armstrong to Richard Mathews to prosecute a chancery suit in county court against John and Thomas Poage, executors of John Poage, deceased, who was executor with Robert of John Archer.
- Vol. 2 - APRIL, 1802 (A to C). Wm. Bell vs. Armstrong--From Rockbridge. Power attorney by Polly McFadden to Robert Armstrong to collect from John McFadden, of Cumberland County, Penna., that portion of estate left her by her father's will, James McFadden, 9th March, 1799, Elizabeth Pinkerton swears in Rockbridge that her daughter, Polly McFadden, is the right heir to the estate of her first husband, James McFadden, and that no other heirs are alive. 9th March, 1799.
- Vol. 2 - Luddington vs. Stuart--O. S. 332; N. S. 120--Bill, 1812, by Francis Luddington of Greenbrier, that on 4th August, 1787. Patrick Lockhart obtained 2 patents, one "A" for 400 acres and one "B" for 449 acres. "A" was as assignee of Jno. Tillery, in whose name survey was made 1780; "B" was in his own right on a survey in 1784. Orator surveyed in 1793 tracts adjoining and conflicting with above. After 1793 Lockhart contracted with George Reider (Rader) to sell him "B." Orator sold to Eli Perkins to whom patent issued, and he sold to John Carroll, who sold to Adam Nicely. After the sale to Reider, Lockhart sold "A" to John Stuart, 5th June, 1795, who ejected Nicely. Lockhart is dead. John Stuart answers he came to Greenbrier in 1769. The country was then uninhabited. He had then in his employ Abraham Jinkings, who (after the custom of "them" times) took up the 449 acre tract and sold to Patrick Lockhart, who made a survey in 1774. Wallace Bristan came to Greenbrier in 1772, took up the 400 acre tract and made survey in 1774 and sold to John Tillery. These and all other surveys made in Greenbrier in 1774 were made under the grant for the Greenbrier Company, but the Revolutionary War interfering, no plats issued on those surveys, nor did any organized government exist in Virginia from that time until after the Declaration of Independence in 1776. The Convention of Virginia directed a new mode for taking up unappropriated lands, and it became necessary for all persons to re-survey under the New Government, and in 1780 John Tillery made a re-survey and afterwards sold to Lockhart. Lockhart made a re-survey for the 449 acre tract. Grants issued to Lockhart for the two tracts 4th August, 1787. In 1795 Lockhart lived in Fincastle. Lockhart in 1784 bought 40 acres of survey made for Robert Armstrong in 1784. In 1791 he made an entry between Tillery and Fipher. Philp Wolfenberger deposes, he lived near the land from 1789. In 1793 he saw James Hudgins cutting still house logs. Zur Combs deposes, 1817, he lived near the land 1790-1800; he came to the country in 1790, and left in 1800. John Phifer deposes, he was a citizen of Greenbrier and lived near the land for several years prior to 1793. Thos. Edgar was surveyor of Greenbrier in 1780. The survey was made 1774 by Richard May. Josiah Shanklin was also a surveyor. Robert Mathews deposes, he aided Adam Nicely to improve his land. In 1793 George Reader moved from Shenandoah to Greenbrier and Robert Armstrong moved to Kentucky. John Craig deposes, he was raised in Greenbrier. He was born September, 1782. Thos. Masterson deposes, John James lives on the Tillery place. Conrad Daring deposes, he was distiller for Francis Luddington in 1794. George Rader deposes, his father moved to Greenbrier in 1793. Abraham Malone deposes, he has lived near the land since 1783. John Craig was born September, 1784. Deponent cleared a path for the Methodist preachers who traveled through there in 1791. Adam Rader deposes, has known the land since 1794, mentions his father as being in Greenbrier. Samuel Price deposes, 1818, is oldest justice in Greenbrier, has been a justice over 20 years. Alexander Rader deposes, in Bourbon County, Ky., 20th August, 1813. Son of George Rader (signed in German Räder).