m. 25 Jun 1908
- Richard Milhous Nixon1913 - 1994
Facts and Events
U.S. Representative and Senator from California, Vice President under Eisenhower, and 37th President of the United States. The only President to have resigned his office.
Richard Nixon was born to Francis A. Nixon and Hannah Milhous Nixon, in a house his father built in Yorba Linda, California. His mother was a Quaker (his father converted from Methodism after his marriage), and his upbringing was marked by conservative Quaker observances of the time, such as refraining from alcohol, dancing, and swearing. Nixon had four brothers: Harold (1909–33), Donald (1914–87), Arthur (1918–25), and Edward (born 1930). Four of the five Nixon boys were named after kings who had ruled in historical or legendary England (Richard, for example, was named after Richard the Lionheart). He married Thelma "Pat" Ryan in 1940.
Notable Events and Accomplishments of Nixon’s Presidency
Nixon inherited the war with Vietnam. While in office he cut the number of soldiers by over half, down from over 54,0000 troops to 25,000. By 1972 all U.S. ground combat troops were withdrawn.
On April 30, 1970, U.S. and South Vietnamese troops raided Cambodia to try and capture the Communist headquarters. Protests erupted around the nation. The most visible was at Kent State University. Students protesting at the campus were fired on by the Ohio National Guard killing four and wounding nine.
In January 1973, a peace treaty was signed whereby all U.S. forces left withdrew from Vietnam and all prisoners of war were released. Soon after the agreement, however, fighting resumed and the Communists eventually won.
In February 1972, President Nixon traveled to China to try and encourage peace and more contact between the two nations. He was the first U.S. President to visit the country.
On July 20, 1969, Apollo 11 landed on the moon and man took his first step outside of earth. This fulfilled Kennedy's goal to land a man on the moon before the end of the decade.
A number of acts to protect the environment were enacted during the Nixon administration. The Environmental Protection Agency was created in 1970.
When Nixon ran for reelection, it was discovered that five individuals from his reelection committee had broken into the Democratic National Headquarters at the Watergate business complex. Two reporters for the Washington Post uncovered a massive cover-up of the break-in. Nixon had installed a taping system in the oval office and when the Senate asked for tapes recorded he refused to hand them over, citing executive privilege. The Supreme Court did not agree with him and he was forced to give them up. The tapes showed that while Nixon was not involved in the break-in he was involved in its cover-up. In the end, Nixon resigned when he was faced with impeachment. He left office on August 9, 1974.
For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Richard Nixon.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Richard Nixon, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
- Sharon Bearce (firstname.lastname@example.org). number number Our RoyalAncestors.
Reconciliation was the first goal set by President Richard M. Nixon. The Nation was painfully divided, with turbulence in the cities and war overseas. During his Presidency, Nixon succeeded in ending American fighting in Viet Nam and improving relations with the U.S.S.R. and China. But the Watergate scandal brought fresh divisions to the country and ultimately led to his resignation.
His election in 1968 had climaxed a career unusual on two counts: his early success and his comeback after being defeated for President in 1960 and for Governor of California in 1962.
Born in California in 1913, Nixon had a brilliant record at Whittier College and Duke University Law School before beginning the practice of law. In 1940, he married Patricia Ryan; they had two daughters, Patricia(Tricia) and Julie. During World War II, Nixon served as a Navy lieutenant commander in the Pacific.
On leaving the service, he was elected to Congress from his California district. In 1950, he won a Senate seat. Two years later, General Eisenhower selected Nixon, age 39, to be his running mate.
As Vice President, Nixon took on major duties in the Eisenhower Administration. Nominated for President by acclamation in 1960, he lost by a narrow margin to John F. Kennedy. In 1968, he again won his party's nomination, and went on to defeat Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey and third- party candidate George C. Wallace.
His accomplishments while in office included revenue sharing, the end while in draft, new anti crime laws,and a broad environmental program. As he had promised, he appointed Justices of conservative philosophy to the Supreme Court. One of the most dramatic events of his first term occurred in 1969, when American astronauts made the first moon landing.
Some of his most acclaimed achievements came in his quest for world stability. During visits in 1972 to Beijing and Moscow, he reduced tensions with China and the U.S.S.R. His summit meetings with Russian leader Leonid I.Brezhnev produced a treaty to limit strategic nuclear weapons. In January 1973, he announced an accord with North Viet Nam to end American involvement in Indochina. In 1974, his Secretary of State,Henry Kissinger, negotiated disengagement agreements between Israel and its opponents, Egypt and Syria.
In his 1972 bid for office, Nixon defeated Democratic candidate George McGovern by one of the widest margins on record.
Within a few months, his administration was embattled over the so- called"Watergate" scandal, stemming from a break- in at the offices of the Democratic National Committee during the 1972 campaign. The break- in was traced to officials of the Committee to Re- elect the President. A number of administration officials resigned; some were later convicted of offenses connected with efforts to cover up the affair. Nixon denied any personal involvement, but the courts forced him to yield tape recordings which indicated that he had, in fact, tried to divert the investigation.
As a result of unrelated scandals in Maryland, Vice President Spiro T.Agnew resigned in 1973. Nixon nominated, and Congress approved, House Minority Leader Gerald R. Ford as Vice President.
Faced with what seemed almost certain impeachment, Nixon announced on August 8, 1974, that he would resign the next day to begin "that process of healing which is so desperately needed in America."
In his last years, Nixon gained praise as an elder statesman. By the time of his death on April 22, 1994, he had written numerous books on his ex
- Richard Nixon, in About.com: American History, Questionable quality.