m. Bef. 1710
Facts and Events
Joseph Culton was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia
Joseph Culton was among the early settlers of Borden's Grant. He and his presumed brother Robert Culton probably arrived on the grant in the late 1730's but the earliest he can be placed there is 27 September 1741 when his daughter Jane was baptized. He was a planter, active with the Augusta County militia and obtained a level of success and respect sufficient enough to be known as "Gentleman" in his later years.
Joseph's whereabouts prior to settling in Orange County (now Rockbridge) are unknown. He is not among those who record a proof of importation with the Orange County Court nor does he appear in a recognizable form in the early Chester County, Pennsylvania, records where several of the families he was associated with oiginated, most notably the Pattersons and Walkers. Multiple spelling variations and misinterpretations of these variations as Cullen, Cotton/Cotten, and Colter/Coulter/Culter, among others, in printed documents complicate the identification of records pertaining to him.
Joseph Culton's land (Borden Tract NW, 553 acres, 1742) as shown on the map meticulously drawn by J.R. Hildebrand, cartographer. This map is copyrighted©, used by permission of John Hildebrand, son of J.R. Hildebrand, April, 2009.
Jospeh purchased 553 and 1/2 acres on Moffett's Creek by deeds of lease and release dated the 6th and 7th of May 1742. His brother Robert and neighbors John Hart, James Buchanan, George Moffett and Charles Donechey purchased land at the same time and served as witnesses for one another. In addition to this property Joseph made one other land purchase during his lifetime. On 21 May 1755 as "Joseph Coulton, Gent." he purchased 400 acres on Littles Run in northeastern Augusta County from John and Elizabeth Campbell. He owned this tract for a little less than a year before he and his wife Mary sold it back to John and Elizabeth Campbell in March 1756.
Joseph's property on Moffet's Creek was eventually divided up among his children. On 29 August 1752 he sold 100 acres to John Walker, husband of his daughter Margaret. This was followed by the sale of 300 acres to his son James on 17 August 1770. The remainder was left to his daughter Jane (Culton) Patterson in his will.
The August Militia was formed in 1742 and the roll of Captain John Buchanan's company includes a Joseph Cotton as company ensign, who was probably identical with Joseph. He attained the rank of captain of foot by 21 September 1744 and qualified as captain of troop of horses on 20 August 1752. He partcipated in the Council of War held at Augusta Court House on 27 July 1756, held in response to the Virginia General Assembly's authorization of the construction of a series of forts in southwestern Virginia. Subsequent documentation of his service in the militia has not been discovered.
Joseph's will was written on 1 December 1770 and recorded 17 August 1773. The will is fairly straight forward though some of the terminology Joseph uses is unusual. He bequeathed his daughter "Jane Culton alias Petterson" his land on Moffet's Creek and household furnishings. To his daughter "Margaret Culton alias Walker" he left his bed and furniture. Finally to his son James Culton he left his best suite of clothes. The residue of his estate was to be divided equally between his three children. His wife Mary is not named in the will and probably predeceased him.
A number of websites and printed genealogies attribute Joseph with sons not mentioned in his will including an Alexander, Joseph, and another James. It seems more likely these men were the sons of Joseph's brother Robert, named in the latter's 1781 will. The known primary evidence at this time indicates he had only one son, James, who moved to Montgomery County, Virginia, and died there.
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