Facts and Events
The biographical and other data for Jonathan Wade was obtained from the book by Robert Charles Anderson, "The Great Migration Begins", Volume 3, published by the New England Historical Genealogical Society, 1996.
Additional data on the descendants of Jonathan Wade was obtained from the manuscript by Doris Powell Schultz, "Jonathan Wade of Ipswich, Massachusetts (Immigrant 1632) and Descendants", Alexandria VA, provided to the writer in 1989-90.
Colonel Jonathan Wade, immigrant ancestor of this family, was born in England, probably in the Parish of Denver, County Norfolk, where he owned large estates. He embarked on 22 June 1632, in the ship "Lion," bound for America.
He located first at Charlestown, Massachusetts, where he was one of the proprietors in 1632. "Jonathan Wade and Susanna his wife" were admitted to Charlestown church 25 May 1633. He was admitted a freeman 14 May 1634.
He removed to Ipswich and was a proprietor there as early as 1635. By 1636, he was one of the seven men constituting the first Town Board. The Quarter Sessions Court of Ipswich in 1645 fined him 16 shillings for critical speeches "affronting the Court".
On 6 June 1639 the Court granted to Mr. Jonathan Wade 200 acres of land because he was a subscriber to the original stock of the Bay Company. . In 1639 Jonathan Wade, "sometime of Charltowne, being lawfully possessed of ten acres of land in Mistick Field upon the long hill by Mistick river" sold them to Thomas Allin, teacher of the church of Christ in Charlestown.
He served on the grand jury in 1637, on 29 September 1646 (fined for absence), and on 25 September 1649. He also served on the petit jury on 31 March 1646, 29 March 1653, 26 September 1654. He was a selectman in Ipswich for many years and clerk of the writs at the time of his death.
In 1647, he made a 5 year agreement to conduct joint trade in Ipswich with Robert and William Paine, John Whittingham, John Whipple, and William Bartholomew.
On 2 May 1649 Jonathan Wade was granted 400 acres of land "where he shall find it undisposed of". This land was ordered laid out on any side of Nashaway bounds. At court March 1652 Jonathan Wade sued the town of Ipswich for trespass "for interrupting him about a sawmill."
On 28 May 1659 Humphrey Griffin of Ipswich, butcher, sold to Mr. Jonathan Wade, merchant, six acres of marsh near Hog Island.
Jonathan Wade was a shrewd trader and became one of the leading merchants of Ipswich. Documents reveal numerous transactions and itemize commodities sold in his store. There were such things as fish, oil, bread, beef, salt, canvas, codlines, cod hooks, and malt by the barrel; also rugs, nayles, hops, shoes, rum, tarr, rope, and refuse fish for fertilizer. Linen and cotton cloth cost 4 shillings, 6 pence, and 3 shillings, 8 pence per yard; 22 inch grindstones sold for 16 shillings; and one suit and a pair of stockings sold for 3 pounds, 10 shillings.
He was also a tavern keeper, and had a liquor license from 1662 to 1667, selling liquor to his customers for 6s. per gallon. In 1658, Mr. Wade was fined 5 pounds and witness fees for "expensive prices in selling grindstones and other things", but his servant testified "he saw not how his master could afford to sell things cheaper". Other eminent citizens including the Elder of the church and the town clerk were similarly fined for selling merchandise "dear".
He was appointed by the court in 1662, with John Appleton, to build a bridge over the Ipswich river; they reported on 24 June that the work was begun and the cost to be about 8 pounds. They asked that a rate might be levied upon the county to pay the cost.
In 1663, he was a lieutenant in the Colonial Militia, afterwards commissioned captain and later colonel of his company.
Colonel Wade had a sawmill in 1665 and a warehouse by the river in 1671. By 1673 he had a grist mill operated by a windmill, and that year may have built a second sawmill at his little island near the Falls. His heirs Jonathan Jr., Thomas and Elizabeth had title to a sawmill and a fulling mill plus island and privileges until 1702 when title was sold.
In the late 1660's, Jonathan Wade acquired several marsh lots at Plum Island:
Jonathan Wade was a representative to the General Court in 1669, 1681 and 1682. In 1682, he signed the Ipswich Petition to throw out the land claims of Robert Mason.
On 9 October 1673 Joseph Bigsbie Senior of Rowley Village sold to Mr. Jonathan Wade of Ipswich 1/16th part of the ironworks in Rowley Village. On 11 February 1674 Thomas Lovell of Ipswich sold to Jonathan Wade his "right of commonage which now is or hereafter might be due unto me by virtue of the town's grant unto John Hassall." On 16 April 1679 William Symonds of Ipswich, gent., sold to Jonathan Wade a houselot in Ipswich. On 11 November 1682 John Perkins of Ipswich, quartermaster and innholder in Ipswich sold to Mr. Jonathan Wade of Ipswich (and confirmed to Thomas Wade, son of Jonathan Wade) one acre of land "of my farm of Chebacco next adjoining to the sawmill of said Wade."
Among the several wills produced was the one in which the signature was torn off, made by Jonathan Wade of Ipswich, dated 22 May 1669, presented 27 December 1683 by Mr. Thomas Wade, who with Mr. Nathaniel Wade affirmed it was in their father's handwriting, and Capt. Jonathan Wade acknowledged he believed it, but said "it was cancelled." It reads (transcribed from Essex County Probate Records, Volume 304, page 125, on FHL Microfilm 0,860,486):
"I Jonathan Wade of Ipswich in New England being to go a voyage to sea and not knowing the day of my death, do ordain this as my last will and testament. My will is that my Debts shall be First paid and my land in England should be equally divided betwixt my three sons Jonathan, Nathaniel and Thomas, only y-t land I had of Mr. Drury for rent should be sould to pay Sir William Peak what is due to him & ye Remainder to be sent over in goods to my executrix, whom I doe hereby apoint to be my beloved wife, Susanna. Also I give to my son Jonathan the one half of my farm at Mistick with ye one half of all ye stock upon it. Also I give to Nathaniel the other half of ye sd farme att Mistick & half of the stock on it to be equally divided betwixt them. I give to Thomas all my housing Land & mills at Ipswich & the stock on it. I give to Jonathan all my land att Malden, to Nathaniel all my land at Wemeseck, to Thomas my grant of land of 800 acres.
"I give to Anthony Crosby my son Fifty pound. I give to Thomas Crosby, Nathaniel Crosby & Jonathan Crosby Fifty pounds apiece to be for the use of Prudence Crosby their mother during her pleasure. I give to Samuell Rogers my Son Fifty pounds & his three children Fifty pounds apiece. I give to William Symonds my Son One hundred pound only fifty pound of it to his daughter Susanna. I give to Elihue Wardell my son Two Hundred pound to be laid out in housing & land to be for the use of his wife Elizabeth during her life, & his two children after these legacyes to be apointed out my debts abroad at ye ... of my Executrix & to be gathered in by them to ... shares they shall ... & for ye Rest of my Estate.
"I give Equally unto my three Natural Sons to be possessed of it at the pleasure of my executrix or at her death or at ye day of her marriage with another man which shall first fall out, & so I Commend my Soul & body And Relations unto ye good pleasure of my Sovereign Creator & Mercifull Redeemer the day & year above written."
On 27 September 1683, the inventory of Jonathan Wade of Ipswich was apprized by John Aplet, Nehemiah Jewett and Nathaniel Rust. The estate totalled 7,859 pounds, 5 shillings and 3 pence after the bequests and debts were accounted for. The real estate included:
The lands at Mistick included:
The land and meadow in improvement of Nathaniel Wade at Mistick:
The inventory was provided to the Court by Thomas Wade on 27 September 1683, when it was approved. An account of Thomas Wade was also presented [Essex County Probate Records, Volume 304, page 094, on FHL Microfilm 0,860,485].
Another will, dated London 17 June 1657, provided all the land in "Norfolk in parish of Druer" was to go to eldest son Jonathan, after his mother had her thirds. This will was presented for probated 25 Nov 1684, but not allowed.
The probate of the estate of Jonathan Wade touched off an enormous wrangle. He had made several wills over the years, all with varying provisions. The court had no choice but to declare him intestate, since there were flaws in each. With property in both New England and old England, the matter was quite complex. In September 1683, Mr. Jonathan Wade's three sons appeared in court and desired administration upon their father's estate. "Court offered to appoint all three, but the second asked to be excused and the eldest refused to join with the rest, so court appointed the third son, Mr. Thomas Wade, he being the most acquainted with his father's affairs in Ipswich. He was ordered to bring in an inventory to the next Salem court." But at the next Court, "Capt. Jonathan Wade appeared and asked for sole administration upon the estate", stating that he was the eldest son and entitled to administer without his brother and requested the removal of his brother Thomas. The Court appointed all three sons administrators and they gave bond for 1,000 pounds.
The eldest son Jonathan complained that he had brought a valid will to court and seen it disallowed, and now was greatly damaged by the fact that the court was treating him as though he was not to be trusted with the estate, so that he could not be acknowledged as a claimant to land in other jurisdictions, including England.
The younger two sons petitioned the court that they had been to seven sessions of court with no settlement yet and would the court please make up its mind.
The case was not settled until November 1684 when the 1669 will was annexed to the letters of administration already granted.
3998 Jonathan WADE58, 9G Grandfather. Born abt 1612 in England. Died on 13 Jun 1683. Immigrated in 1632 "Lyon" to Boston. on 14 May 1634. Occupation: merchant, tavernkeeper.
The Massachusetts immigrant Jonathan Wade has been comprehensively treated by Anderson.58 He was a merchant and tavern keeper, and made at least two return trips to England. His name frequently appears in court records concerning business transactions. His children married into some of the most influential families in the colony (Dudley, Cotton, Bradstreet). In a court petition of 17 Mar 1682 he claimed to have been an original backer of the Massachusetts colony in 1629, having contributed ï¿½60 in total, and yet had never received the land allotment that had been promised him. His origins in England are not yet known.
Rose-Troup102 claims that Jonathan Wade was the son of Thomas Wade (square brackets in the original): "THOMAS WADE, of Northampton. His son Jonathan emigrated in 1632 and in 1649 petitioned for land in respect of '60li formerly disbursed by Thomas Wade for his use in the Country Stocke, for the furtherance of this plantation.' [MR. III, 154.] This was at first denied but afterwards granted. In 1652 he had 400 acres 'with respect to fifty pounds by him formerly disbursed for the use and behoof of the Country,' [MR. III, 271], and confirmed because of his 'disbursing of 50li for the good of this colony at the first.' [MR. IV, 90.]"
He married Susanna _____58, 9G Grandmother, by 1633.
They had the following children: i. Mary58 (bp. 1633-) ii. Jonathan58 (~1637-1689) iii. Prudence58 (~1639-) 1999 iv. Sarah (~1641-) v. Elizabeth58 (~1644-) vi. Nathaniel58 (~1648-) vii. Thomas58 (~1650-)
3999 Susanna _____58, 9G Grandmother. Died in Ipswich, Massachusetts, on 29 Nov 1678. Immigrated ? .