Person:John Winthrop (1)

     
Governor John Winthrop
m. 20 Feb 1579
  1. Sarah WinthropABT 1579 -
  2. Anne Winthrop1579/80 - 1579/80
  3. Anne Winthrop1585 - 1618
  4. Governor John Winthrop1587/8 - 1648/9
  5. Jane Winthrop1592 - 1610/11
  6. Lucy Winthrop1598/99 - 1679
  • HGovernor John Winthrop1587/8 - 1648/9
  • WMary Forth - 1615
m. 16 Apr 1605
  1. Governor John Winthrop, the Younger1605/06 - 1676
  2. Henry Winthrop1608 - 1630
  3. Forth Winthrop1609 - 1630
  4. Mary Winthrop1609 - 1643
  5. Mary Winthrop1611/2 - 1643
  6. Anne Winthrop1614 - BEF 1615
m. 6 Dec 1615
  1. Daughter Winthrop1616 - 1616
m. 29 Apr 1618
  1. Colonel Stephen Winthrop1618/9 - 1658
  2. Adam Winthrop1620 - 1652
  3. Deane Winthrop1622/23 - 1704
m. aft 20 Dec 1647
Facts and Events
Name[1][2][3] Governor John Winthrop
Gender Male
Birth[1] 12 Jan 1587/8 Edwardstone, Suffolk, England
Marriage 16 Apr 1605 Great Stambridge, Essex, Englandto Mary Forth
Marriage 6 Dec 1615 Groton, Suffolk, Englandto Thomasine Clopton
Marriage 29 Apr 1618 to Margaret Tyndale
Marriage aft 20 Dec 1647 to Martha Rainsborough
Death[1] 26 Mar 1648/9 Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States
Burial[6] King's Chapel Burying Ground, Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States

Admitted at Cambridge Univ., April and matriculated 04 Jul 1626 of Emanuel, in the rank of pensioner.

John was the first governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony and was the organizer of the Winthrop Fleet which sailed in 1630 to found this colony. He travelled on the flagship, the Arabella.

References
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 John Winthrop, in Anderson, Robert Charles. The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633. (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995).

    ORIGIN: Groton, Suffolk MIGRATION: 1630 on Arbella FIRST RESIDENCE: Boston OCCUPATION: Magistrate.
    BIRTH: Edwardstone, Suffolk, 12 January 1587/8, son of Adam and Anne (Browne) Winthrop [WP 1:5, 159].
    DEATH: Boston 26 March 1649 ("March 26, '48-9 [sic]. Our honored Governor, Mr. John Winthrop, departed this life, - a man of great humility and piety, an excellent statesman, well skilled in the law, and of a public spirit" [Hull 173]).

  2. John Winthrop, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).

    the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

    John Winthrop (12 January 1587/8<ref></ref> – 26 March 1649) was a wealthy English Puritan lawyer and one of the leading figures in the founding of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the first major settlement in New England after Plymouth Colony. Winthrop led the first large wave of migrants from England in 1630, and served as governor for 12 of the colony's first 20 years of existence. His writings and vision of the colony as a Puritan "city upon a hill" dominated New England colonial development, influencing the government and religion of neighboring colonies.

    Born into a wealthy landowning and merchant family, Winthrop was trained in the law, and became Lord of the Manor at Groton in Suffolk. Although he was not involved in the founding of the Massachusetts Bay Company in 1628, he became involved in 1629 when the anti-Puritan King Charles I began a crackdown on Nonconformist religious thought. In October 1629 he was elected governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, and in April 1630 he led a group of colonists to the New World, founding a number of communities on the shores of Massachusetts Bay and the Charles River.

    Between 1629 and his death in 1649, he served 12 annual terms as governor, and was a force of comparative moderation in the religiously conservative colony, clashing with the more conservative Thomas Dudley and the more liberal Roger Williams and Henry Vane. Although Winthrop was a respected political figure, his attitude toward governance was somewhat authoritarian: he resisted attempts to widen voting and other civil rights beyond a narrow class of religiously approved individuals, opposed attempts to codify a body of laws that the colonial magistrates would be bound by, and also opposed unconstrained democracy, calling it "the meanest and worst of all forms of government".<ref></ref> The authoritarian and religiously conservative nature of Massachusetts rule was influential in the formation of neighboring colonies, which were in some instances formed by individuals and groups opposed to the rule of the Massachusetts elders.

    Winthrop's son, John, was one of the founders of the Connecticut Colony, and Winthrop himself wrote one of the leading historical accounts of the early colonial period. His long list of descendants includes famous Americans, and his writings continue to be an influence on politicians today.

  3. Bremer, Francis J. John Winthrop: America's Forgotten Founding Father. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2003).
  4.   John Winthrop, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  5.   Winthrop, John, in American National Biography Online.
  6. John Winthrop, in Find A Grave.


The Winthrop Fleet (1630)
The Winthrop Fleet brought over 700 colonists to establish a new colony at Massachusetts Bay. The fleet consisted of eleven ships: the Arbella flagship with Capt Peter Milburne, the Ambrose, the Charles, the Mayflower, the Jewel, the Hopewell, The Success, the Trial, the Whale, the Talbot and the William and Francis.
  Sailed: April and May 1630 from Yarmouth, Isle of Wight, England
  Arrived: June and July 1630 at Salem, Massachusetts
  Previous Settlers: The Higginson Fleet (1629)

  Passengers: Winthrop wrote to his wife just before they set sail that there were seven hundred passengers. Six months after their arrival, Thomas Dudley wrote to Bridget Fiennes, Countess of Lincoln and mother of Lady Arbella and Charles Fiennes, that over two hundred passengers had died between their landing April 30 and the following December, 1630.
  Selected leaders and prominent settlers: Gov. John Winthrop - Richard Saltonstall - Isaac Johnson - Gov. Thomas Dudley - Gov. William Coddington - William Pynchon - William Vassall - John Revell - Robert Seely - Edward Convers - Gov. Simon Bradstreet - John Underhill - William Phelps

  Resources: The Winthrop Society - The Winthrop Fleet (Wikipedia) - Anderson's Winthrop Fleet

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