Person:John Burgoyne (6)

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John Burgoyne
b.24 Feb 1722
d.4 Aug 1792
  • HJohn Burgoyne1722 - 1792
  • W.  Susan Caulfield (add)
  1. John Fox Burgoyne1782 - 1871
Facts and Events
Name John Burgoyne
Gender Male
Birth[1] 24 Feb 1722
Military[1] 19 Sep 1777 and 7 Oct 1777 Combatant of Saratoga, captured
Death[1] 4 Aug 1792


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

John Burgoyne (24 February 1722 – 4 August 1792) was a British army officer, politician and dramatist. He first saw action during the Seven Years' War when he participated in several battles, most notably during the Portugal Campaign of 1762.

John Burgoyne is best known for his role in the American Revolutionary War. He designed an invasion scheme and was appointed to command a force moving south from Canada to split away New England and end the rebellion. Burgoyne advanced from Canada but his slow movement allowed the Americans to concentrate their forces. Instead of coming to his aid according to the overall plan, the British Army in New York City moved south to capture Philadelphia. Surrounded, Burgoyne fought two small battles near Saratoga to break out. Trapped by superior American forces, with no relief in sight, Burgoyne surrendered his entire army of 6200 men on October 17, 1777. His surrender, says historian Edmund Morgan, "was a great turning point of the war, because it won for Americans the foreign assistance which was the last element needed for victory. He and his officers returned to England; the enlisted men became prisoners of war. Burgoyne came under sharp criticism when he returned to London, and never held another active command.

Burgoyne was also an accomplished playwright known for his works such as The Maid of the Oaks and The Heiress, but his plays never reached the fame of his military career. He served as a member of the House of Commons of Parliament for a number of years, sitting for the seats of Midhurst and Preston. He is often referred to as Gentleman Johnny.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at John Burgoyne. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 John Burgoyne, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2.   General John Burgoyne, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
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