Facts and Events
James Arbuckle was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia
Early Land Acquisition in Augusta County, VA
Acquisition of Land from Chalkley's:
- James Arbuckle, on "5th September, 1744", was granted a patent of 400 acres "on James River below Island Ford", (as listed in the dispositions below):
- James Arbuckle, on "5th September, 1749", was granted a patent of 400 acres "on James River below the Island Ford", (as listed in the dispositions below): (Note: this may be a duplicate listing of the same 400-acre tract, further research may be needed).
Disposition of Land from Chalkley's:
- Page 517 (518).--20th March, 1764. James Arbuckle and Rachel to James Gilmore, £60, on James River below the Island Ford, 400 acres patented to James, 5th September, 1749 (this is a mortgage of lease and release). Delivered: James Gilmore, August, 1765.
- Related record: Page 446.--20th November, 1765. James Gilmore to James Arbuckle, Release of mortgage, 20th March, 1764.
- Page 420.--15th October, 1765. James Arbuckle to Mathew Arbuckle, £70, on James River below Island Ford, 400 acres patented to James, 5th September, 1744. Teste: Randal Lockhart. Delivered: George Mathews 6th December, 1772.
Records of James Arbuckle in Augusta County, VA
From Chalkley’s Augusta County Records:
- Page 66.--5th August, 1754. James Frame's appraisement, by James Arbuckle, Robert Gallon, John Scot.
- Vol. 1 - MAY, 1755 (A). - Simpson vs. Campbell.--March 12, 1756. To the Worshipful bench of Augusta, we humbly request that you will take particular notice of Margaret Campbell (Cambal), for it is plainly known to all the inhabitants of the lower end of the Cowpasture that she is a common liar and troublesome to all them that she is in neighborhood with, and furthermore it is known that she will swear anything that comes into her mind, which the subscribers by report will make appear.--Hugh Morton, James Montgomery, Wm. Mortain, Wm. Memory, Edward Edwards, Agnes Memory, Wm. Gillespy, Mary Gillespy, Patrick Carrigan, James Beard, James Scot, Samuel McMorry, Margaret Cohiren, James Arbuckle, Thomas Simson, Robt. Gillespy, Margaret Arbuckle, Anne Montgomery, Thomas Fitzpatrick. This was an attachment vs. James Campbell by James Simpson, 17th March, 1756 (five days after above petition.) (Note: Margaret Arbuckle was the first wife of James).
- Page 167.--17th November, 1756. James Boreland's bond (with John Graham and Jas. Arbuckle) as administrator of John Bird.
- Vol. 2 - Marriage Bond - 1762--January 11, James Arbuckle. [Note: bride's name not listed]. (Note: this record is apparently the Marriage Bond for James to his second wife Rachel).
- Vol. 1 - MAY, 1762 (A). - Arbuckle vs. Sayers.--This certifies that James Arbuckle and two sons have served as soldiers in my Company of Militia four months and sixteen days exclusive of what time they have received pay for. April 21, 1759. (Signed) Alexr. Sayers. Arbuckle sues for himself and two sons, who were his servants.
- Vol. 1 - MAY, 1762 (B). - This certifies that James Arbuckle and two sons have served as soldiers in my Company of Militia four months and sixteen days, exclusive of what time they have received pay for. (Signed) Alex. Sayers. 21st April, 1759.
- Page 154.--20th May, 1762. Settlement of Stophel White's estate by Jacob Anderson, recorded--Funeral charges, viz: 1 shirt, £1, 0, 0; muslin for a cale, £5, 0; 1 sheet, 5 yds., £17, 6; 7-3/4 gallons liquor, £1, 3, 3; 6 lbs. cheese, £3.9; bords and cofen and nails; £13, 6; 1-1/2 bu. flour (76 lbs.), £7, 3; 6 lbs. for shortening for said bisket, £0, 3, 5; vendue liquor, 2 gals., 1 pt., £6, 4-1/2 Paid James Arbuckle, David Galloway. Stophel White's vendue, sold to viz: David Drein, Jacob Anderson, Alex. Miller. Isaac Anderson, Marion Crawford, Alex. Telford, David Dryden, Baptist McNabb, David Telford.
- Vol. 1 - APRIL 20, 1763. - (29) James Arbuckle and Thomas Thompson appointed Constables in the Pastures. (Note: Thomas Thompson may be related to the first wife of James Arbuckle [followup note]).
- Vol. 1 - MARCH 20, 1764. - (389) Comn. for examination of Rachel, wife of James Arbuckle. Comn. for examination of Martha, wife of James Gilmore.
- Vol. 2 - Simon Eli vs. Robert and William Davis and Alexr. Wiley--O. S. 36; N. S. 12--Bill 27th October, 1800. In 1771 William McGhee (McGaughey) made a settlement in the Turkey Cove in Powell's Valley in present Lee County, and obtained a certificate from the Commissioners in 1779. James Arbuckle as adsignee of Jephtha Messay also obtained a certificate for lands adjoining settled in 1776 which was transferred to defendants. Vincent Hobbs deposes that he first became acquainted with the lands in 1773, and he moved his family into the Cove in 1780 and found Rachel Arbuckle and her family there on a tract she claimed by Jeptha Messay's improvement. In the Spring following all the families moved away because of the Indians being troublesome. John Thompson deposes that in February, 1778, he came to the Turkey Cove to look at a tract he expected to buy. Joseph Head's deposition: Peter Cloud first began to improve the land. Thomas Berry deposed that he knew of McGehee's improvement in 1771. William Collier deposes that in the winter and spring preceding Christian's campaign he remained at the Camp of Thomas Lovelady. William was a hunter and trapper. Thomas Sowers, now called Soward, came in with Messey. The Indians became troublesome and the people had to leave. (Note: Rachel Arbuckle was the second wife of James Arbuckle).
- Vol. 2 - Simon Ely vs. James Thompson--O. S. 36; N. S. 12--(See Eli vs. Davis, supra; same case.) Robert Davis deposes, 1802, that in 1779, he and Alex. Wiley drove cattle to Turkey Cove in Powell's Valley where they found Peter Cloud living, tending stock for James Thompson. He and Alex continued on to the Cumberland country and then returned. William Collier deposes. David Dryden deposes that in 1771 he removed to the country now called Washington, and came to the house of Thomas Berry. William Blanton deposes, September, 1803, that he has been acquainted with Powell's Valley since 1770 and was on a hunting party there in 1771-1772. He has now been living in the Valley 11-12 years. Vincent Hobbs deposes 1803, he first became acquainted with the land in 1773 and settled there in 1780. Nathan Richardson deposes, 1804, that he became acquainted with the land in 1770 or 1771 on a hunting trip and met there Thomas Berry and McGehee. Philip Catrine deposes, 1804, that he had been acquainted with the Valley 25 years. Arbuckle was living there then. Vincent Hobbs deposes, 1804, that he first became acquainted in 1770-1771; has lived on the land 17 years. Collier was always called Lying Bill Collier. Robert Preston deposes (brother to Walter Preston). Thomas Berry deposes, September, 1803, that in 1770, or 1771, he went to Powell's Valley with William McGahee, who was then a stranger in the county and went with Thos. on a hunting party. Thomas went up the country after some Buffaloes and when he returned he saw some trees deadened which McGahee claimed as his improvement. McGahee when they went on the hunting party owned a place on Holston bought from one Walling, where he lived about 70 miles from Powell's Valley. Thomas Soward deposes, 1802, is about (56) fifty-six years old; in Russell County; in 1776 he and Jephta Massey, his brother-in-law, settled at Turkey Cove, planted corn, cabbage, peach stone, apple seed and remained on the land until obliged to remove on account of the Indian War. John Hoover deposes, 1804. James Fugate deposes, 1804. Henry Hoover deposes, 1804, that in 1782 he drove Gen. Shelby's stock to range in Turkey Cove. Nathan Richardson aged about sixty-five (65) years, deposes, 1802, that in 1771 he was on a hunting expedition in Powell's Valley and met Thomas Berry, David Carson and William McGahee. Answer states. Jephta Massey made the first settlement, who invited Thomas Sowers to come there who made a settlement. Massey sold to Rachel Arbuckle, who allthough a married woman, being separated from her husband by mutual consent, lived and transacted business as a single woman. Jephtha Massey deposes in Monroe County, 5th November, 1802, in April, 1775 or 1776, he made an improvement on Turkey Cove and remained there until June, when everybody was driven away by the Indians, but returned in the fall.
Information on James Arbuckle
- Husband: James ARBUCKLE
- Born: 1714 at: Scotland
- Married: at:
- Died: at:
- Other Spouses: Rachel UNKNOWN
- Wife: Margaret UNKNOWN
- Born: ABT 1714 at:
- Died: at:
- Name: Matthew ARBUCKLE
- Born: 15 JUL 1740 at:
- Married: 6 JUN 1768 at:
- Died: 27 JUL 1781 at:
- Spouses: Jane LOCKHART Frances UNKNOWN
- Name: John ARBUCKLE
- Born: 1742 at: Augusta Co., Va.
- Married: at:
- Died: at:
- Name: Thomas ARBUCKLE
- Born: 2 MAY 1747 at: Augusta Co., Va.
- Married: at:
- Died: 15 JUL 1843 at: Clark Co., Ind.
- Spouses: Elizabeth THOMPSON Elizabeth LAWRENCE
- Name: William ARBUCKLE
- Born: 1752 at: Augusta Co., Va.
- Married: 25 DEC 1779 at:
- Died: 21 MAR 1836 at: Mason Co., W.Va.
- Spouses: Catherine MADISON
- Name: Elizabeth ARBUCKLE
- Born: 1757 at: Augusta Co., Va.
- Married: 25 AUG 1774 at:
- Died: 1813 at:
- Spouses: Henry HUNTER
- ↑ Chalkley, Lyman. Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish settlement in Virginia: Extracted from the Original Court Records of Augusta County, 1745-1800. (Rosslyn, Virginia: The Commonwealth Printing Company, 1912-1913 in Three Volumes).
On James River below the Island Ford, 400 acres. Property patented to James Arbuckle 5 Sep 1749. This is a mortgage of lease and release. Delivered to James Gilmore, Aug 1765.
- Find A Grave.
James was the son of James Arbuckle I and Margaret Bartholomew Arbuckle. James married Margaret Thompson 12 Feb 1734 in Avondale, Lanark, Scotland, she was born 1 Jan 1714. James and Margaret came to Virginia where he fought in the Rev. War. James died and was buried in Lewisburg, Greenbrier, West Virginia.