Person:Henry I Beauclerc (1)

     
Henry I "Beauclerc" , King of England
  1. Robert FitzRoy, de Caen
  • HHenry I "Beauclerc" , King of England
  • WEdith
  1. Mathilde FitzRoy, Countess of Perche
  1. Henry FitzRoy
  1. Robert FitzEdith, Lord Okehampton
  1. Isabel FitzRoy
m. 1121
Facts and Events
Name[11] Henry I "Beauclerc" , King of England
Gender Male
Birth[13] Sep 1068 Selby, Yorkshire, England
Other had relationship
with Unknown Unknown (5056)
Other had relationship
with Edith
Other had relationship
with Ansfride , of Abingdon Abbey
Other had relationship
with Nest ferch Rhys, Princess of Wales
Title (nobility)[1][13] from 3 Aug 1100 to 1135 King of England
Other[13] 5 Aug 1100 Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, EnglandCoronation
Other[13] House of Normandy
Marriage 11 Nov 1100 Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, Englandto Princess Eadgyth of Scotland
Other had relationship
with Sibyl Corbet
Other had relationship
with Edith Fitzforne
Other had relationship
with Isabelle de Beaumont
Other had relationships
with unknown mistresses (add)
Title (nobility)[1] from 1106 to 1135 Duke of Normandy
Marriage 1121 Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, EnglandRoyal Chapel
to Adeliza of Louvain
Death[1][13] 1 Dec 1135 Lyons-la-Forêt, Eure, FranceForest of Angers
Burial[16] 4 Jan 1136 Reading Abbey, Reading, Berkshire, England


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Henry I (c. 1068 – 1 December 1135), also known as Henry Beauclerc, was King of England from 1100 to 1135. Henry was the fourth son of William the Conqueror and was educated in Latin and the liberal arts. On William's death in 1087, Henry's older brothers Robert Curthose and William Rufus inherited Normandy and England respectively, but Henry was left landless. Henry purchased the County of Cotentin in western Normandy from Robert, but William and Robert deposed him in 1091. Henry gradually rebuilt his power base in the Cotentin and allied himself with William against Robert. Henry was present when William died in a hunting accident in 1100, and he seized the English throne, promising at his coronation to correct many of William's less popular policies. Henry married Matilda of Scotland but continued to have a large number of mistresses, by whom he had many illegitimate children.

Robert, who invaded in 1101, disputed Henry's control of England. This military campaign ended in a negotiated settlement that confirmed Henry as king. The peace was short-lived, and Henry invaded the Duchy of Normandy in 1105 and 1106, finally defeating Robert at the Battle of Tinchebray. Henry kept Robert imprisoned for the rest of his life. Henry's control of Normandy was challenged by Louis VI of France, Baldwin of Flanders and Fulk of Anjou, who promoted the rival claims of Robert's son, William Clito, and supported a major rebellion in the Duchy between 1116 and 1119. Following Henry's victory at the Battle of Brémule, a favourable peace settlement was agreed with Louis in 1120.

Considered by contemporaries to be a harsh but effective ruler, Henry skilfully manipulated the barons in England and Normandy. In England, he drew on the existing Anglo-Saxon system of justice, local government and taxation, but also strengthened it with additional institutions, including the royal exchequer and itinerant justices. Normandy was also governed through a growing system of justices and an exchequer. Many of the officials that ran Henry's system were "new men" of obscure backgrounds rather than from families of high status, who rose through the ranks as administrators. Henry encouraged ecclesiastical reform, but became embroiled in a serious dispute in 1101 with Archbishop Anselm of Canterbury, which was resolved through a compromise solution in 1105. He supported the Cluniac order and played a major role in the selection of the senior clergy in England and Normandy.

Henry's only legitimate son and heir, William Adelin, drowned in the White Ship disaster of 1120, throwing the royal succession into doubt. Henry took a second wife, Adeliza, in the hope of having another son, but their marriage was childless. In response to this, Henry declared his daughter, Matilda, as his heir and married her to Geoffrey of Anjou. Relationships between Henry and the couple became strained, and fighting broke out along the border with Anjou. Henry died on 1 December 1135 after a week of illness. Despite his plans for Matilda, the King was succeeded by his nephew, Stephen of Blois, resulting in a period of civil war known as the Anarchy.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Henry I of England. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
References
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Henry I of England, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2.   Scottish Kings, Scot. 28, p. 1-50.
  3.   Scots Peerage, Scot 2b, v. 1, p. 2.
  4.   Burke's Peerage, Eng. P, 1949, pref. p. 252, 286.
  5.   The Royal Lines of Succession, A16A225, p. 8.
  6.   The Kings of England, Eng. 176, p. 24-33.
  7.   The Royal Daughters of England, Eng. 120, v. 1, p. 39.
  8.   Royal Fam. of Eng., Scot., and Wales, Eng. 260, v. 1, p. 33-46, gen. p. 9-15.
  9.   Plantagenet Ancestry, Eng. 116, p. 6.
  10.   Buck, J. Orton; Marcellus Donald Alexander von Redlich; Aileen Lewers Langston; and Timothy Field Beard. Pedigrees of some of the Emperor Charlemagne's descendants. (Baltimore [Maryland]: Genealogical Pub. Co., c1974-1978, 1979), 2:285.
  11. Hansen, Charles M. The Barons of Woodhull: with Observations on the Ancestry of George Elkinton, Emigrant to New Jersey. The Genealogist. (1987).
  12.   Henry I 'Beauclerc', King of England, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 HENRY of England, son of WILLIAM I "the Conqueror", in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
  14.   Henry I, in Find A Grave.
  15.   Henry I, in Baldwin, Stewart, and Todd Farmerie. The Henry Project (King Henry II ): Ancestors of King Henry II.
  16. 1136 4th January, in English History Timeline.
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