Facts and Events
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George Jackson (January 9, 1757 – May 17, 1831) was an American farmer, lawyer, and politician. Born in Cecil County, Maryland to John and Elizabeth (Cummins) Jackson, his family moved to Virginia. He served in the Virginia militia during the American Revolutionary War, attaining the rank of colonel.
He later studied law and entered state politics, becoming a member of the Virginia House of Delegates. In 1788 he was a delegate to the Virginia Ratifying Convention, which ratified the United States Constitution. He was elected to the United States House of Representatives and served from 1795 to 1797 and 1799 to 1803. In about 1806, Jackson moved to Zanesville, Ohio, and served in the state legislature. He died there on 17 May 1831 and was buried in Falls Township.
Records of George Jackson in Augusta County, VA
From Chalkley’s Augusta County Records:3
- Vol. 2 - Clemmons vs. Jackson--O. S. 158; N. S. 56--Bill, 13th October, 1808, Harrison. Deed dated 11th November, 1799, by George Jackson and Elizabeth, his wife, of Harrison County, to John Clemmons, of Harrison, conveys a tract on Lost Creek. Recorded in Harrison County, December, 1799. (George Jackson was member of Congress.) Deed, 29th November, 1798, by John B. Armstead, of Loudon County, to George Jackson, of Harrison, conveys 119 acres (claimed by grantor by entry or otherwise), included in a survey made for Jackson of a resident right known as the Obrian place on Lost Creek of 400 acres. Recorded in Harrison, 17th December, 1798. Entry in Monongalia, 2d April, 1781, by Adam Obrien, assignee of John Richards, of 400 acres on Lost Creek, in right of residence, including his improvement made in 1771.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 George Jackson (Virginia politician), in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 George Jackson, in Haymond, Henry. History of Harrison County, West Virginia: from earliest days of northwestern Virginia to the present. (Morgantown, West Virginia: Acme Publishing, 1910), 378.
George Jackson, the son of John, was born East of the mountains in Virginia or Maryland and came to the Buckhannon settlement with his father in 1769. He was probably nearly grown at that time as he entered 400 acres in 1773 on the second Big Run. The State Census for 1782 reports him as having five in his family at that time.
The first County Court for Harrison County was held at his home on the Buckhannon River in 1784. This Court granted him permission to build a mill at Clarksburg on Elk Creek and he moved to that place shortly afterwards. There is a mill still occupying this location.
George Jackson inherited from his mother both bodily and mental strength, was a courageous determined man, of strong character, and very much disposed to have his own way in anything he was connected with, and was prominent in public affairs.
He bore his full share in defending the settlements from savage raiders and could always be depended upon in any emergency.
He was an officer of Militia, Justice of the Peace, Sheriff, Member of the Legislature, Member of the Virginia Convention that adopted the constitution of the United States and served in the 4th, 6th, and 7th Congress. His first term in Congress was the last one of Washington's administration and was held in Philadelphia. It is said of him that while making a speech in Congress his statements caused considerable amusement among the members, which provoked him into saying that he would go home and send his son John to congress and they would not laugh at him. The records show that he was succeeded by his son, John G. Jackson in the 8th. Congress, which held its first session in October 1803, which indicates that he carried out his threat and shows his great influence in his community.
The idea he intended to convey by his remarks was that though he himself was not an educated man, that his son was and could hold his own among them.
George Jackson recruited a Company in 1781 to join General George Rogers Clark's expedition against the British at Detroit, from which place Indian War parties were equipped and sent out against the frontier of Virginia and Kentucky. The Company built canoes and joined the expedition near Fort Pitt and floated down the Ohio to the Falls where Louisville now stands, at which place the expedition was abandoned and the Company returned home by way of the river, a long, tedious, and dangerous journey.
Colonel Jackson in later life moved to the present site of Zanesville, Ohio, where he erected a mill and other enterprises.
He represented his County in the Ohio Legislature and lived to a good old age.
- ↑ George Jackson, in Chalkley, Lyman. Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish settlement in Virginia: Extracted from the Original Court Records of Augusta County, 1745-1800. (Rosslyn, Virginia: The Commonwealth Printing Company, 1912-1913 in Three Volumes), Vol 2.