George I , of Great Britain
Facts and Events
- the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia
George I (George Louis; ; 28 May 1660 – 11 June 1727) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1 August 1714 until his death, and ruler of the Duchy and Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) in the Holy Roman Empire from 1698.
George was born in Hanover and inherited the titles and lands of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg from his father and uncles. A succession of European wars expanded his German domains during his lifetime, and in 1708 he was ratified as prince-elector of Hanover. At the age of 54, after the death of Queen Anne of Great Britain, George ascended the British throne as the first monarch of the House of Hanover. Although over fifty Roman Catholics bore closer blood relationships to Anne, the Act of Settlement 1701 prohibited Catholics from inheriting the British throne; George was Anne's closest living Protestant relative. In reaction, Jacobites attempted to depose George and replace him with Anne's Catholic half-brother, James Francis Edward Stuart, but their attempts failed.
During George's reign, the powers of the monarchy diminished and Britain began a transition to the modern system of cabinet government led by a prime minister. Towards the end of his reign, actual power was held by Sir Robert Walpole, now recognised as Britain's first de facto prime minister. George died on a trip to his native Hanover, where he was buried.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 George I of Great Britain, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
- ↑ Kings and Queens of the United Kingdom, Secondary quality.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 Beatty, Michael A. The English Royal Family of America: from Jamestown to the American Revolution. (McFarland, 2003), pg. 111, Secondary quality.
The source states that the birth date for George I is often reported as 7 June 1660 in many English historical accounts owing to the use of the Gregorian calendar; however, as of 1660, the Julian calendar remained in use in England.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 Beatty, Michael A. The English Royal Family of America: from Jamestown to the American Revolution. (McFarland, 2003), pg. 117, Secondary quality.
George I died in the same room in which he had been born in Osnabruck Castle.
- George I Louis Hanover, King of Great Britain, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 Originally buried in Leineschloss Church, George I' body was moved to a mausoleum on the grounds of Herrenhausen due to WWII damage to the Church.
|Succession of Monarchs of the United Kingdom
with Mary II until 28 December 1694
(Mary was her sister)
Queen of England, Ireland, and Scotland
Queen of Great Britain and Ireland
his second cousin
(George I was Anne's closest Protestant relation)
|King of the Great Britain and Ireland |
King of the United Kingdom