Person:George II of Great Britain (1)

     
King George II , of Great Britain
Facts and Events
Name[1] King George II , of Great Britain
Unknown[1] George Augustus
Gender Male
Birth[1][3] 30 Oct 1683 Herrenhausen, Hannover, Preußen, Germany
Marriage 22 Aug 1705 Herrenhausen, Hannover, Preußen, Germanyto Caroline of Ansbach
Other[2] 11 Oct 1727 Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, EnglandCoronation
Other? House of Hanover
Death[1][3] 25 Oct 1760 Kensington Palace, London, England
Burial[3] Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

George II (George Augustus; ; 30 October / 9 November 1683 – 25 October 1760) was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) and Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 (O.S.) until his death.

George was the last British monarch born outside Great Britain: he was born and brought up in northern Germany. In 1701, his grandmother, Sophia of Hanover, became second in line to the British throne after about 50 Catholics higher in line were excluded by the Act of Settlement, which restricted the succession to Protestants. After the deaths of Sophia and Anne, Queen of Great Britain, in 1714, his father George I, Elector of Hanover, inherited the British throne. In the first years of his father's reign as king, George was associated with opposition politicians, until they re-joined the governing party in 1720.

As king from 1727, George exercised little control over British domestic policy, which was largely controlled by the Parliament of Great Britain. As elector, he spent 12 summers in Hanover, where he had more direct control over government policy. He had a difficult relationship with his eldest son, Frederick, who supported the parliamentary opposition. During the War of the Austrian Succession, George participated at the Battle of Dettingen in 1743, and thus became the last British monarch to lead an army in battle. In 1745, supporters of the Catholic claimant to the British throne, James Francis Edward Stuart ("The Old Pretender"), led by James's son Charles Edward Stuart ("The Young Pretender" or "Bonnie Prince Charlie"), attempted and failed to depose George in the last of the Jacobite rebellions. After Prince Frederick died unexpectedly in 1751, George's grandson, George III, became heir apparent and ultimately king.

For two centuries after the death of George II, history tended to view him with disdain, concentrating on his mistresses, short temper, and boorishness. Since then, some scholars have re-assessed his legacy and conclude that he held and exercised influence in foreign policy and military appointments.

References
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Beatty, Michael A. The English Royal Family of America: from Jamestown to the American Revolution. (McFarland, 2003), pg. 127, Secondary quality.
  2. Beatty, Michael A. The English Royal Family of America: from Jamestown to the American Revolution. (McFarland, 2003), pg. 130, Secondary quality.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 George II of Great Britain, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).

    b. 30 October / 10 November 1683 (O.S./N.S.) Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover

  4.   George II Augustus Hanover, King of Great Britain, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  5.   Cokayne, George Edward, and Vicary Gibbs; et al. The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant [2nd ed.]. (London: St. Catherine Press, 1910-59), Volume 3 page 177.


Succession of Monarchs of the United Kingdom
Anne

1701-1714
George I's second cousin

George I

1714-1727
his father

King of the Great Britain and Ireland

1727-1760

George III

1760-1801
King of the United Kingdom
1801-1820
his grandson

George IV

1820-1830
his great-grandson

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