Facts and Events
- the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia
George Croghan (November 15, 1791 – January 8, 1849) was an American soldier. was born at the Locust Grove farm in what is now Louisville, Kentucky and died in New Orleans, Louisiana. He was a recipient of the Congressional Gold Medal.
Two of his famous uncles were Captain William Clark and General George Rogers Clark because his mother, Lucy Clark, was their sister. His father was William Croghan of Dublin, Ireland and served in the revolutionary war at the battles of Brandywine and Monmouth. His wife Serena Livingston was the granddaughter of Robert Livingston (1718-1775) of Clermont Manor New York.
Croghan studied at the College of William and Mary and joined the army after he graduated in 1810. He fought at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811. He also served at Fort Meigs (modern Perrysburg, Ohio) with distinction. For his defense during the Battle of Fort Stephenson, Ohio during the War of 1812, he was promoted to the rank of colonel. He later led a troop that was defeated in the Battle of Mackinac Island.
Following the war, he resigned from the army during a reduction in force and served as a postmaster in New Orleans. In 1825, he became one of the two inspector generals in the army. During the Mexican-American War he fought as a colonel at Monterrey.
Croghan died in the cholera epidemic of 1849, which also took the life of former President of the United States James K. Polk. Colonel Croghan is buried at the site of Fort Stephenson, now Fremont, Ohio.
The village and town of Croghan, New York are named after him.
It is believed that later in life he had a problem with alcoholism. He was cordial and considered to be very much a gentleman.
Col. George Croghan (English, 1896)
- Filson Historical Society (Louisville, Kentucky). The Filson Club history quarterly. (Louisville, Kentucky: The Club, 1930-2000), 43:30-61, Jan 1969, Secondary quality.
WILLIAM CROGHAN, SR. [1752-1822]: A Pioneer Kentucky Gentleman
by Thomas, Samuel W.
Page 50 - George Croghan 1791-1849
- Bagby, Alfred. King and Queen County, Virginia. (New York: Neale Pub. Co., 1908), 378, Secondary quality.
This from Col. Fleet of Culver: Thos. Walker, ancestor of the distinguished Dr. Thos. Walker, and Riveses of Albemarle (see Thomas Walker (explorer)), and Gov. Thos. Walker Gilmer (see Thomas Walker Gilmer), was from K. & Q." - Semple, John and James S., were sons of Rev. James Semple of England. John settled in King and Queen, marrying a Miss Walker. There son, Robert B.A. Croghan[sic] Semple[recte] married Lucy Clark, and their son, Major Croghan, then a mere youth, held the fort at Sandusky against Gen. Proctor (see Henry Procter (British Army officer)) with a large force of Indians and whites. He also distinguished himself at Tippecanoe (see Battle of Tippecanoe).
- Family Recorded, in English, William Hayden. Conquest of the country northwest of the river Ohio, 1778-1783, and life of Gen. George Rogers Clark: with numerous sketches of men who served under Clark, and full list of those allotted lands in Clark's Grant for service in the campaigns against the British posts, showing exact land allotted each. (Indianapolis, Indiana: Bowen-Merrill Co., 1896), Secondary quality.
George married Miss Livingston and greatly distinguished himself as a soldier at Tippecanoe in 1811, in the War of 1812, and in the Mexican War. He was a major at the time of his successful defense of Fort Stephenson at Lower Sandusky in the War of 1812, and won great fame for his gallantry on that occasion. He was then barely twenty-one years of age. Congress presented him a medal, a picture of which is given here.
General William Henry Harrison, in his official report of this affair says: "It will not be among the least of General Proctor's mortifications that he has been baffled by a youth who has just passed his twenty-first year. He is, however, a hero worthy of his gallant uncle, General George R. Clark."
"The brevet rank of lieutenant-colonel was immediately conferred on Major Croghan by the President of the United States for his gallant conduct, and the ladies of Chillicothe presented him an elegant sword, accompanied by a suitable address." (NOTE: McAfee History of the War of 1812.)
A fine monument has been erected on the site of Fort Stephenson at Fremont, Ohio, in honor of Major Croghan's gallantry in holding the fort. A picture of it will be found on the next page.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 George Croghan (soldier), in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, Secondary quality.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 , Secondary quality.