Person:Catherine of Aragon (1)

Catherine of Aragon
b.16 Dec 1485 Aragón, Spain
m. 14 Nov 1501
m. 11 Jun 1509
  1. England Tudor1510 -
  2. Henry Tudor1510/11 - 1510/11
  3. Henry Tudor1514 - 1514
  4. Queen Mary of England1516 - 1558
  5. Ethelreda Tudor1518 -
Facts and Events
Name Catherine of Aragon
Gender Female
Birth[1] 16 Dec 1485 Aragón, SpainHouse of Trastámara
Alt Marriage May 1499 Bewdley, Worcestershire, Englandby proxy
to Arthur Tudor, Prince of Wales
Alt Marriage 19 May 1501 Bewdley, Worcestershire, Englandby proxy
to Arthur Tudor, Prince of Wales
Marriage 14 Nov 1501 St. Paul's Cathedral, London, Englandto Arthur Tudor, Prince of Wales
Marriage 11 Jun 1509 Greenwich, Kent, EnglandGreenwich Palace
to King Henry VIII of England
Death[1] 7 Jan 1536 Kimbolton, Cambridgeshire, England


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Catherine of Aragon (Castilian: Catalina de Aragón; ; 16 December 1485 – 7 January 1536) was Queen of England from 1509 until 1533 as the first wife of King Henry VIII; she was previously Princess of Wales as the wife of Prince Arthur.

The daughter of Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon, Catherine was three years old when she was betrothed to Prince Arthur, heir apparent to the English throne. They married in 1501, but Arthur died five months later. In 1507, she held the position of ambassador for the Spanish Court in England, becoming the first female ambassador in European history. Catherine subsequently married Arthur's younger brother, the recently succeeded Henry VIII, in 1509. For six months in 1513, she served as regent of England while Henry VIII was in France. During that time the English won the Battle of Flodden, an event in which Catherine played an important part.

By 1525, Henry VIII was infatuated with his mistress Anne Boleyn and dissatisfied that his marriage to Catherine had produced no surviving sons, leaving their daughter, the future Mary I of England, as heiress presumptive at a time when there was no established precedent for a woman on the throne. He sought to have their marriage annulled, setting in motion a chain of events that led to England's schism with the Catholic Church. When Pope Clement VII refused to annul the marriage, Henry defied him by assuming supremacy over religious matters. In 1533 their marriage was declared invalid and Henry married Anne on the judgment of clergy in England, without reference to the Pope. Catherine refused to accept Henry as Supreme Head of the Church of England and considered herself the King's rightful wife and queen, attracting much popular sympathy. Despite this, she was acknowledged only as Dowager Princess of Wales by Henry. After being banished from court, she lived out the remainder of her life at Kimbolton Castle, and died there on 7 January 1536. Catherine's English subjects held her in high esteem, thus her death set off tremendous mourning among the English people.

The controversial book "The Education of Christian Women" by Juan Luis Vives, which claimed women have the right to an education, was commissioned by and dedicated to her. Such was Catherine's impression on people, that even her enemy, Thomas Cromwell, said of her "If not for her sex, she could have defied all the heroes of History." She successfully appealed for the lives of the rebels involved in the Evil May Day for the sake of their families. Furthermore, Catherine won widespread admiration by starting an extensive programme for the relief of the poor. She was also a patron of Renaissance humanism, and a friend of the great scholars Erasmus of Rotterdam and Thomas More.

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References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Catherine of Aragon, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. (Online: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
  2.   Catarina de Aragón, Infanta de Aragón, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  3.   Katharine of Aragon, in Find A Grave.