Facts and Events
Arthur Campbell was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia
Early Land Acquisition in Augusta County, VA
Acquisition of Land from Chalkley's:
- Page 21.--16th August, 1769. John Campbell to Arthur Campbell, £100, 240 acres called the Royal Oak, on Holston or Indian River, patented to John Buchanan, gent., 22d August, 1753, and conveyed to John Campbell, 2d March, 1769. Teste: Pat. and Alex. Buchanan, James Cowan. Delivered David Campbell, May, 1771.
Records of Arthur Campbell in Augusta County, VA
- Page 693.--18th August, 1764. Samuel McDowell and Mary to John and Robert Moffet, £20. 340 acres patented to Samuel 5th August, 1751; Laurance Morrin's line. Teste: Arthur Campbell. Delivered: Jno. Moffet. September, 1766.
- Page 218.--11th October, 1765. David Campbell to John Campbell, £5, 232 acres woodland ground. Teste: John Buchanan, Robert McNutt, Arthur Campbell. Delivered: John Campbell, March, 1769.
- Page 287.--6th January, 1767. Robert Neelley (Neally, Neilly, Nealy) (and Anna), of Halifax County, to William Christian, £78, 350 acres on a branch of Roan Oak, adjoining Robert Breckenridge and Archibald Graham. Teste: Isaac Christian, Stephen Trigg, Arthur Campbell, James McCorkle, John Crocket.
- Page 266.--5th March, 1768. Daniel ( ) McCormick and Anne ( ) to Joshua McCormick, £30, 110 acres, part of a tract conveyed to Daniel by William Preston on North Branch of Roanoke, Frederick Smith's line; corner said Daniel McCormick. Teste: William Preston, Robert Breckinridge, Arthur Campbell, Joseph Cloyd. Is. Christian, Wm. Crow.
- Page 75.--20th January, 1769. Henry ( ) Ferguson to Israel Christian, £50, 109 acres on a branch of Glade Creek of Roanoke whereon Henry now lives, near John Boreland's. Teste: Bryan McDonald, James McCorkle, Edward Carvin, Daniel McNeill, Thos. Madison, Arthur Campbell, William Christian.
- Page 313.--3d March, 1769. John Buchanan, gent., and Margret to John Campbell, £340, 740 acres on a branch of the Indian or Holstone River, called the Middle Fork, said tract being known by the name of the Royal Oak. Teste: James Crow, John Mills, David Campbell, Arthur Campbell, John Howard, George Skillern. Delivered: David Campbell, May, 1771.
- Vol. 3 - Page 230.--16th August, 1769. William Preston's renunciation of executorship of George Darr's estate provided the Court will grant administration to Capt. Francis Smith, but if they will not, then Wm. will qualify. Teste: Arthur Campbell.
- Page 109.--18th October, 1769. Francis Jackson and Elizabeth ( ) to William Renick, £42, 170 acres on cowpasture; corner land in possession of William Jackson, opposite to land in possession of Alexander Black. Teste: William Mathews, J. Murray, Pat. Lockhart, Arthur Campbell. Delivered: William Renix, August Court, 1776.
- Page 85.--26th February 1771. Alexander McNutt and Sarah to James McNutt. Teste: Arthur Campbell, Robert McNutt.
- Page 366.--26th August, 1777. Privy examination of Rebecca, wife of Joseph Kinkead, of Washington County (deed to Martin Shearman, 24th June, 1777) before Arthur Campbell and William Edmiston.
- Vol. 2 - Torbett's heirs vs. Campbell--O. S. 47; N. S. 16. Bond 18th November, 1771, by Wm. Campbell and John Tate to Hugh Torbet, of Chester County, and Alexander Mitchel, of Pennsylvania, Lancaster County. Answer of Sarah Buchanan Preston, 1805, that she is only child now living of Wm. Campbell, deceased. She married Francis Preston. Her father died August, 1781. Defendants are, viz: Arthur Campbell, surviving executor of Margaret Campbell and Francis Preston; and Sarah, his wife, late Campbell, heiress of Wm. Campbell, deceased. Plaintiffs are, viz: Saml. Torbett, Anthony Black and Catharine, his wife, late Torbett; Hugh and David Torbett, Andrew Lockridge and Easter, his wife, late Torbett; Jane and Nathaniel Torbett, Mary Torbet, an infant, heirs-at-law of Hugh Torbett, deceased. Bill says: Charles Campbell died 1767 testate, leaving wife Margaret (father and mother of Gen. Wm. Campbell). Margaret died about November, 1777. Genl. Wm. Campbell died about 1782, leaving only one child Sarah, since married to Francis Preston. Thomas Tate married one of the daughters of Margaret Campbell, deceased. Arthur Campbell says Genl. William died August, 1781. Charles Campbell died January, 1767. Copy of Gen. William Campbell's will dated 28th September, 1780, proved in Washington County, 16th April, 1782. Wife Elizabeth, son Charles Henry, daughter Sarah Buchanan Campbell. Copy of Margaret Campbell's will dated 13th October, 1777, proved in Washington County 18th March, 1778. Son William; daughters Elizabeth Taylor, Jean Tate, Margaret Campbell, Ann Poston; son-in-law Arthur Campbell.
- Page 336.--4th July, 1784. Arthur Campbell, surviving executor of Mandrel Campbell, who was sole executrix of Charles Campbell, deceased, to Rudolph Hawpe, 100 acres patented to Rudolph Hawpe, 100 acres patented to Charles Campbell 5th March, 1747; corner land Hugh Torbet lives on.
- Page 228.--20th _____, 1784. Privy examination of Catharine, wife of James Thompson, deed to Rev. James Waddel 8th September, 1783, before Arthur Campbell and Aaron Lewis, of Washington County. Delivered: Wm. Kenedy 28th October, 1789.
- Vol. 2 - Price and Weston vs. Campbell--O. S. 168; N. S. 59--Deed of trust by Arthur Campbell, of Washington County, to Daniel Sheffey, of Wythe. Conveys three tracts in Lee County for benefit of Adam Douglas, of Frederick County, Virginia, dated 2d September, 1802. Recorded in Washington County, 17th May, 1803.
- Vol. 2 - Lamie (Lemmie) vs. Tate--O. S. 309; N. S. 110--Bill, 1805, in High Court Chancery by Andrew Lemmie or Lamie. In 1770 or 1771 James Anderson made a settlement on Cove (Cone) Creek branch of North Fork of Holstein, now in Washington County. Soon afterwards Samuel Lammie or Lamie settled and improved near him and then bought out Anderson. He continued to live there until 1774, when he was killed by Indians, when orator, heir-at-law of Samuel, took possession and has lived there ever since. He obtained a commissioner's certificate and grant for 150 acres. The Loyal Company's survey comprehends this land. Arthur Campbell claims right by 2 entries, 20th April, 1780, and 1st May, 1780, and by a patent for 180 acres dated 15th September, 1781. Arthur made an inclusive survey of 500 acres. Arthur has sold to Thos. Tate. Survey of 110 acres 27th May, 1809, by virtue of an order of Council, 16th December, 1773. Andrew Lammie sold land to his daughter Nellie. Land office warrant No. 419 to Arthur Campbell, assignee of John Lemmons, 50 acres for military service of Lemmons in war between Great Britain and France, according to King's proclamation of 1763. Answer of successors of Loyal Company by William Nelson, Jr., 110 acres was surveyed by Loyal Company for Andrew Lamie. 8th September, 1809, John Shannon deposes, he made a survey adjoining Lammie and has known him 22 years. 8th September, 1809, Nancy Cypher deposes, she came into this country 11-12 years ago this fall. Wm. Tate deposes, he came to Washington County, 1783. 6th October, 1812, John Lamie deposes, has lived with Andrew ever since Andrew came to the Western waters. Arthur Campbell answers that Andrew made no lawful settlement because he had no family. In 1770 Andrew and Samuel Lemmie settled 3 or 4 miles higher up Cove Creek. In 1774 Samuel was captured by Indians and carried to Canada. Previous to that time the belief prevailed in the new settlement, that single men, by what was called "taking up land," might hold the same, and this taking up was commonly designated by marking trees with the initial letters of the claimant's name, making a few brush heaps near the center of the land, and sometimes a log pen or small cabin. Andrew Lammie continued on the place during the Revolution and was an avowed adherent to the enemies of the country and spurned the offers of the Commonwealth. After the Revolution Andrew moved to the place his brother had claimed and settled on it. Arthur says, "The law itself, that gave occupants a privilege to obtain donation lands, was extorted from the Legislature by the representations of a numerous band of emigrants, which the affairs of America at the time, made it good policy to conciliate, although not a few of them were deserters from the danger their eastern brethren were then involved in." Patent, 10th May, 1783, to Arthur Campbell by virtue military warrant 419 and treasury warrant 5168, and bequest or devise of Charles Campbell to Arthur, 500 acres (Campbell's choice) by inclusive survey 15th September, 1781, in Washington County on North Branch Holston at a place called Margaretta. 180 acres was patented to Charles Campbell, 22d August, 1753. Patent, 25th July, 1788, to Andrew Lammie, 150 acres by settlement right certificate in Washington County. Andrew Lammie had a son John. 3d June, 1809, William Hays deposes, in 1769, 1770 or 1771 Samuel Lamie and James Anderson built a house on the land Andrew Lamie now lives on. James sold to Samuel, who was living there in 1774. James Buchanan deposes, in Wythe County, it is 38 or 39 years since he came to the Cove Country to live, when Samuel Lammie was living on the land Andrew now lives on. About 2 years afterwards Samuel was taken or killed by Indians. Samuel had planted corn there when deponent came, but his old brown mare (man?) eat it all. Soon, before Samuel was killed, James Fowler had a claim between Samuel and the Clay Lick survey. Andrew's house was raised a few weeks before we went to the battle of King's Mountain. Deponent and John McFarin carried the chain for survey under the Loyal Company. Andrew Lammie had a son James. 23d September, 1809, James Lamie deposes, in Washington County, in winter or spring 1780, Andrew Lamie with Edward Jones and John Lamie cleared upper part of Samuel's old improvement and shortly afterwards Andrew moved to the land. In 1781 Arthur Campbell stopped with Andrew over night and was reputed to be a land "mungering at the same time," for it was said he himself was surveyor and had white and black persons chain carriers with a chain, part made of rope and part of leather wood bark, and running as he pleased through other persons' claims, making corners and measuring lines at will. A number of such marks are about the land in controversy. In 1783 Col. Aaron Lewis was assistant surveyor of Washington County. Survey, 22d February, 1775, for Andrew Lamie, 110 acres in Fincastle County on Cove Creek by order of Council, 16th December, 1773, part of Loyal Company's grant. Survey for Arthur Campbell, 500 acres, 15th September, 1781. 16th June, 1809, Isaac Spratt deposes, he was at Andrew Lamie's house in 1775 and helped reap oats. 16th June, 1809, Robert Fowler deposes, his brother's claim lay between Lamie's settlement and mouth of Cove Creek and a certificate by settlement was gotten by his brother's wife and William Rogers, who married her. The patent was in the name of John Fowler, heir-at-law of James. John died, infant. He died 1787 or 1788. It is not yet determined who became heir at his death. John Lammie has purchased the claim of James Fowler, son of John Fowler. 23d June, 1809, John Lammie deposes, in 1770 Samuel Lammie settled on Cove Creek and lived there until 1774, when he was taken by Indians. Andrew took possession and cultivated it 1775, 1776, 1777, 1778, 1779. He employed Hugh Hays to cut house logs and in 1780 he hired Edward Jones and deponent to cut briers. In 1780 the house was raised and on 25th December, 1780, he moved his family into the house. Samuel Lammie was never married. Deponent was born 1st October, 9 a. m., 1763. 3d June, 1809, John Spratt deposes, before 1774 he was on the land now occupied by Andrew Lammie and saw the logs cut and soon afterwards saw a cabin put up and Samuel living in it.
- Vol. 2 - Roberts vs. Campbell--O. S. 136; N. S. 47--Bill, 17th September, 1809. Orators, Richard and John Roberts, sons of Billingsly Roberts, who prior to 1780 bought from Arthur Campbell a tract on North Fork of Holston in Washington County, 500 acres, for which he was to pay £10,000 in two installments--1st November, 1779, and 1st November, 1780. Billingsly lived in Maryland and died there in 1790 testate. Margaret Campbell, wife of Arthur, was daughter of Charles Campbell, to whom the land was granted 22d August, 1753. Thomas Tate deposes. John Epperson (Apperson) deposes. Gabriel Epperson deposes (brothers). George Hayton deposes. Genl. Wm. Tate deposes he settled there in 1783. John Campbell. Deed 8th January, 1800, by Arthur Campbell and Margaret to William Campbell of Lee County, 773 acres in Washington County. Recorded in Washington County. Deed 16th November, 1781, by Arthur Campbell to Billingsley Roberts. 300 acres, part of tract granted Charles Campbell in 1753, and devised to his daughter Margaret by his will, 24th August, 1761. Recorded in Washington County, 20th November, 1781. (Note: this record proves the parentage of Margaret Campbell, Arthur Campbell's wife).
- Vol. 2 - Martin vs. Campbell--O. S. 122; N. S. 42--William Fitzgerel deposes in Russell County, 9th November, 1808, that in 1775 he made a crop of corn, at Martin's Station in Powell's Valley, and made an improvement near Cumberland Gap on a creek since called Station Creek. The next year he went into the army and employed Joseph Martin to represent him at Commissioners' Court. Deed 14th April, 1788, by John Jones, Jr., and Martha his wife, of Dinwiddie County, to Arthur Campbell of Washington County, conveys 1,500 acres in Washington County. Recorded in General Court 18th April, 1788. Deed 19th October, 1795, by Joseph Martin of Henry County. To Salathiel and Obadiah Martin of Surry County, North Carolina, conveys 50 acres in Lee County. Recorded at District Court at Washington Co. Ho., 3d May, 1796.
Information on Arthur Campbell
43. Col. Arthur5 Campbell (David 'White David'4, John3, John2, [Unknown]1) was born 03 Nov 1743 in Augusta Co., VA, and died 08 Aug 1811 in Knox Co., KY. He married Margaret Campbell 12 May 1773 in VA, daughter of Charles Campbell and Margaret Buchanan. She was born 16 Mar 1753 in Augusta Co., VA, and died 25 Dec 1813 in Knox Co., KY.
Notes for Col. Arthur Campbell:
He was taken prisoner by the Indians when only sixteen years of age, while with his father on a short campaign against them. The hardships which he endured during the three years' captivity were very severe, until he was finally protected by an aged Chief, who carried him to Canada and to the old French Fort at Detroit. The Jesuit Fathers, who had established a mission for the Indians at this fort, were pleased with the bright, interesting English boy, and taught him while he was there; therefore, upon his escape, and recapture by the English Army in 1760 (which was commanded by General Johnson in his campaign against the French and Northern Indians), he was much better educated than other boys of his age in Western Virginia at that time. He afterwards acted as pilot to the Colonial Army in the Northwest, and served as Lieutenant in the Army on the Western frontier. His knowledge of the Indian character, language and customs was of great value to him as an officer in the Colonial and Continental Armies. He was a delegate to the Virginia Constitutional Convention of May, 1776, from Fincastle County; served in the War of the Revolution as Captain and Colonel, received one thousand acres of land, which was located in Kentucky, for his military services. He was afterwards one of the leading men in forming the State Government of Tennessee, was a man of influence and great learning, a cultivated gentleman, of courtly manners and bearing, though dominant and accustomed to ruling those around him.
Historical Sketches of the Campbell, Pilcher, and Kindred Families
Notes for Margaret Campbell:
Mention: Taylor vs Tate & Campbell; John Taylor m. Elizabeth Campbell dau Charles bef 1774; Charles Campbell dau Jean m. Thomas Tate, & Chas. Dau Margaret Campbell m. Arthur Campbell ....., 1790, Augusta Co., VA.
Children of Arthur Campbell and Margaret Campbell are:
133 i. William6 Campbell. He married Sarah Adams.
134 ii. Col. John B. Campbell, died 05 Jul 1814 in Christian Co., KY. He married Polly Latham.
Notes for Col. John B. Campbell:
First Quartermaster General of Kentucky.
135 iii. Arthur Lee Campbell. He married Sarah Thompson.
Notes for Arthur Lee Campbell:
or Arthur D. Campbell
136 iv. Capt. James Campbell, died 1815 in Battle of New Orleans.
137 v. David H. Campbell. He married (1) Amelia Pepper. He married (2) Nancy Handy.
138 vi. Elizabeth Campbell. She married (1) John S. McFarland. She married (2) [Unknown] Patton.
Notes for John S. McFarland:
or John S. Macfarland.
139 vii. Margaret Campbell. She married Isaac Sawyer.
140 viii. Mary H. Campbell. She married William E. Beard; born Bef. 1789.
141 ix. Jane B. Campbell. She married Andrew Campbell; born Bef. 1792 in Ireland.
142 x. Martha C. Campbell. She married Philo Beeman; died in of Louisville, KY.
143 xi. Ann Augusta Campbell. She married William Owen.
144 xii. Col. Charles Lewis Campbell, born Abt. 1780. He married Sarah Ann "Sallie" Morrison 23 Jun 1815 in Fayette Co., KY; born 01 Oct 1781 in Fayette Co., KY; died 12 Oct 1855 in Fayette Co., KY.
From Greene County, TN, early settlers:
From Washington Co., VA were Col Arthur Campbell, the Craigs, Blackburns
Campbell County History
Campbell County was created in 1806 from Anderson and Claiborne Counties. Campbell County was named in honor of Col. Arthur Campbell (1743-1811). Col. Campbell was a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses and an Officer during the Revolutionary War.
- Joseph A. Waddell. Annuals of Augusta County, Virginia 1726-1871, pg. 149.
- IGI Record.
- ↑ Wilson, Howard McKnight. The Tinkling Spring, Headwater of Freedom. (Privatetly published by The Tinkiling Spring and Hermitage Presbyterian Churches, pub. Fishersville, Virginia), pg. 471.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 Colonel Arthur Campbell, in History of Campbell County Tennessee, 27 February 2011, Questionable quality.
Campbell County was named for Colonel Arthur Campbell, a soldier of the Revolutionary War and Indian Wars. He was born in 1742 in Augusta County, Virginia and was the son of David Campbell. At age fifteen, Campbell joined the Virginia Militia to help protect the Virginia Frontier. While stationed at a Dickerson's Fort on the Cowpasture River in Bath County, VA, he and several others were out picking plums when a group of Wyandotte Indians surprised the group. A skirmish followed, and Campbell was captured after being slightly wounded in the knee. He spent the next three years as a prisoner of the Indians and spent much of the time wandering through the Great Lakes territory. Eventually, an Indian chief took him under his protection and then took him to the French fort located near present-day Detroit. With his knowledge of the western frontier, he was eventually able to escape the Indians and make his way to a group of British soldiers more than 200 miles away. The British were on a campaign into Western Indian Territory and engaged Campbell as a guide. Campbell was later awarded a grant of 1000 acres near present-day Louisville, KY as reward for his services.
During his lifetime, he was involved in many aspects of military and political life.
Some of which include:
* January 1775 - He served as a member of the comitte that drfted the Address of the Freeholders of Fincastle, VA.
* 1776 - He was chosen to represent Fincastle County, VA in the General Assembly.
* January 1777 - He was appointed county lieutenant and commander in chief of the militia.
* During the Revolutionary War, Campbell enlisted in the Virginia Militia and became commander of the 70th Regiment of the Virginia Militia.
* During 1781, Campbell was tone of the commissioner responsible for negotiating the Indian Treaties of 1781.
After the wars, Colonel Campbell settled on an estate on Yellow Creek, at the present site of Middlesboro, KY. He married his cousin, Martha Campbell. He lost two of his sons in the war of 1812: Captain James Campbell died at Mobile, AL and Colonel John B. Campbell fell at the battle of the Chippewa. Colonel Campbell died August 8, 1811 at the age of seventy-three.
(Information from this article was extracted with permission from Dr. Miller McDonald's book Campbell County Tennessee USA: A History of Places, Faces, Happenings, Traditions, and Things, Vol. 1.)
Col. Campbell Gravesite (Middlesboro, KY)
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 Col. Arthur Campbell, in Historical Marker Database, 22 September 2010, Secondary quality.
Inscription: Arthur Campbell, a military and political leader, was born in Augusta County in 1743. In 1758 during the Seven Years' War (1756-1763), Campbell was captured by the Wyandot Indians aligned with the French and held captive for two years before escaping likely in present day region of Michigan. In 1773 he married Margaret Campbell and they lived at Royal Oak (present day Marion). Campbell served on the Fincastle County committee that wrote the Fincastle Resolves in 1775, and was a county lieutenant, justice of the peace, postmaster, and member of the Virginia House of Delegates. In 1809, Campbell moved to Yellow Creek (now Middlesboro), Kentucky where he died in 1811.
Erected 2006 by Department of Historic Resources. (Marker Number K 328.)
Col. Campbell Historical Marker (Marion, VA)
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 6.2 Col. Arthur Campbell, in Our Family History, 23 September 2006, Questionable quality.
Early Families of Eastern and Southeastern Kentucky - CAMPBELL, ARTHUR OF KNOX COUNTY - The famous Campbell family of the Scottish Highland was founded by Cailean Mor ("Colin the Great") who lived at Argyll nar the close of the thirteenth century. The name Campbell like Cameron, is derived from a nickname: "Caimbeul" meaning "Twisted mouth". The original form -Caimbeul- is from the Gaelic cam ("wry,twisted") and beul ("mouth"), supposedly an allusion to the personal appearance of an ancestor of the family. The principal Campbells of the Highlands came from the House of Argyll and from the Campbells of Breadalbane, Cawdor and Loudoun.
Colonel Arthur Campbell was one of the most distinguished pioneers of the Southeastern Kentucky. He was of Scottish extraction and was born in Augusta County, Virginia, November 3, 1754, old style, and died at site of present Middlesboro, then Knox, now Bell County, August 8, 1811. He was a man of importance and very influential in the early affairs of Southwestern Virginia and Southeastern Kentucky. He represented Fincastle County in the first constitutional convention of Virginia in 1776; was one of the first justices of the peace of Washington County, and of Fincastle County, 1773; was county lieutenant of Washington County; and was a lieutenant colonel of the (Washington County), Virginia militia. (1)
Colonel Campbell married his cousin, Margaret Campbell, daughter of Charles and sister to General William Campbell. In 1766 with his wife, he settled at Royal Oak, a mile east of present Marion, Smyth County, Virginia. Subsequently he settled on his plantation on Yellow Creek, site of present Middlesboro, Kentucky. He had acquired a very large estate of lands in Virginia, Tennessee and Kentucky, negro slaves and other personal property at date of death, which was bequeathed to his widow and their children by will which was proved in the Knox (Kentucky) County Court in 1811.
(Listed 11 of the 12 children)
When Middlesboro first attracted the attention of the business people and was being developed, the grave of Colonel Arthur Campbell was discovered in an out-of-the-way place. The remains were removed by his Tennessee relatives and the grave newly marked. The grave was marked by an iron slab bearing the inscription:
"Sacred to the memory of Colonel Arthur Campbell, who was born in Augusta County, Virginia, November 3, 1754, old style, and after a well-spent life, as his last moments did and well could approve, of sixty-seven years, eight months and twenty-five days, ere a constitution preserved by rigid temperance and otherwise moral and healthy, could but with reluctance consent. (4) The lamp was blown out by the devouring effects of a cancer on the eighth day of August, 1811, leaving a widow, six sons and six daughters to mourn his loss and emulate his virtues.
:"Here lies, entombed, a Revolutionary sage,
:An ardent patriot of the age.
:In erudition great, and useful knowledge to scan-
:In philanthropy hospitable, the friend to man,
:As a soldier brave Virtue, his morality.
:As a commander, prudent His religion, charity.
:He practiced temperance to preserve his health
:He used industry to acquire wealth.
:He studied physic to avoid disease.
:He studied himself to complete his plan.
:For his greatest study was to study man.
:His stature tall, His person portly,
:His features handsome, His manners courtly.
:Sleep, honored, sire In the realms of rest
:In doing justice to thy memory, A son is blest.
:A son is inheriting in full thy name,
:One who Aspires to all thy fame.
:COLONEL ARTHUR CAMPBELL
(1) Virginians in the Revolutionary War, 1776-1785", by John H. Gwathmey, pages 1924-5.
(4) "History of Southwest Virginia, 1746-1786, Washington County. 1777-1870", by Lewis Preston Summers, 1903, page 463.
- Thomas Jefferson Correspondence to Col. Arthur Campbell, in The Online Library of Liberty: The Works of Thomas Jefferson, 1 September 1797, Primary quality.
Monticello, Sepr 1, 97.
I have to acknolege the receipt of your favor of July 4. and to recognize in it the sentiments you have ever held, & worthy of the day on which it is dated. It is true that a party has risen up among us, or rather has come among us, which is endeavoring to separate us from all friendly connection with France, to unite our destinies with those of Great Britain, & to assimilate our government to theirs. Our lenity in permitting the return of the old tories, gave the first body to this party; they have been increased by large importations of British merchants and factors, by American merchants dealing on British capital, and by stock dealers & banking companies, who, by the aid of a paper system, are enriching themselves to the ruin of our country, and swaying the government by their possession of the printing presses, which their wealth commands, and by other means, not always honorable to the character of our countrymen. Hitherto, their influence & their system has been irresistible, and they have raised up an Executive power which is too strong for the legislature. But I flatter myself they have passed their zenith. The people, while these things were doing, were lulled into rest and security from a cause which no longer exists. No prepossessions now will shut their ears to truth. They begin to see to what port their leaders were steering during their slumbers, and there is yet time to haul in, if we can avoid a war with France. All can be done peaceably, by the people confiding their choice of Representatives & Senators to persons attached to republican government & the principles of 1776, not office-hunters, but farmers, whose interests are entirely agricultural. Such men are the true representatives of the great American interest, and are alone to be relied on for expressing the proper American sentiments. We owe gratitude to France, justice to England, good will to all, and subservience to none. All this must be brought about by the people, using their elective rights with prudence & self-possession, and not suffering themselves to be duped by treacherous emissaries. It was by the sober sense of our citizens that we were safely and steadily conducted from monarchy to republicanism, and it is by the same agency alone we can be kept from falling back. I am happy in this occasion of reviving the memory of old things, and of assuring you of the continuance of the esteem & respect of, dear Sir, your friend and servant.
- ↑ Col. Campbell Gravesite (Middlesboro, KY)