Facts and Events
||Judge Archibald Stuart
||19 Mar 1757
||Augusta, Virginia, United StatesWalnut Grove
||4 May 1791
||Frederick, Virginia, United Statesto Eleanor Briscoe
||11 Jul 1832
||Staunton, Virginia, United Statesage 75 -
||Augusta, Virginia, United States
||Trinity Episcopal Churchyard, Staunton, Virginia, United States
Archibald Stuart was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia
- ↑ Judge Archibald Stuart, in Waddell, Joseph A. (Joseph Addison). Annals of Augusta County, Virginia: with reminiscences illustrative of the vicissitudes of its pioneer settlers biographical sketches of citizens locally prominent, and of those who have founded families in the southern and western states : a diary of the war, 1861-'5, and a chapter on reconstruction by Joseph Addison Waddell. (Staunton, Virginia: C.R. Caldwell, 1902), 367.
... II. Alexander Stuart ... His first wife was Mary Patterson, whose children were -
1. Archibald, the Judge, whose wife was Eleanor Briscoe, of Maryland. ...
- Judge Archibald Stuart, in Peyton, John Lewis. History of Augusta County, Virginia. (Staunton, Virginia: Samuel M. Yost and Son, 1882), P 309.
... Major Stuart married first Mary Patterson, of South river, Augusta co., by whom he left issue: 1. Judge Archibald Stuart, of Staunton; ...
Judge Archibald Stuart was born 1757, was educated at Liberty Hall and William and Mary College. In 1781 he joined Gen. Greene’s force in N. C., was appointed by him Aid, and he took part in the battle of Guilford. After the war he studied law under the great Jefferson, and returned to Rockbridge. He was now elected under peculiarly flattering circumstances delegate to the Legislature from Botetourt, and after a service of three years, removed to Staunton. He rose so rapidly in popular esteem that he was elected in 1788 as the colleague of Zach. Johnston to represent the county in the Convention to ratify the Constitution of the U. S. In 1791 he m Eleanor Briscoe, d of Col. Gerard Briscoe, of Md. Shortly after this event, he was elected to the Senate of Va., and was subsequently chosen its President. In 1799, he was elected Judge of the General Court of Va., assigned to the Augusta district, and served until 1831. During his career he enjoyed the friendship of such men as Henry, Jefferson, Marshall, Madison, and Monroe. Judge Stuart was distinguished as a land lawyer, and as a Judge, for his discriminating judgment, and enjoyed the confidence, respect and esteem of the eminent Bar which practiced at his Court, among whom were Chapman Johnson, Daniel Sheffey, John H. Peyton, B. G. Baldwin, P. P. Barbour, W. C. Rives, and others. Judge Stuart was tall of stature and dignified in appearance, an able lawyer and upright judge. At his death, in 1832, he left four sons: 1. Thomas Jefferson; 2. Archibald P.; 3. Gerard Briscoe; 4. Alex H. H. Stuart. ...
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 Archibald Stuart, in Find A Grave.
[Includes monument photo]
- Augusta County, Virginia. Staunton Spectator, 8 July 1873.
Judge Archibald Stuart, of Augusta, the oldest son of Maj A. Stuart, was born on the
19th of March, 1757, on the farm formerly owned by John Burk, but now the property of Geo. Harnesbarger, about two miles west of Waynesboro. But his father afterwards removed to the neighborhood cf Brownsburg. After receiving such instruction as he could obtain in the common schools of the country, and at "Liberty Hall," he went to William and Mary College, in the Fall of 1780, where he prosecuted his studies during the Autumn and Winter. In the Spring of 1781. the Southern States being then over-run by Cornwallis, he left College and joined tbe American Army, under Gen'l Greene, to which his father's regiment belonged, then stationed in North Carolina,
near Guilford C. H. He participated activelyv in that sanguinary battle, acting as volunteer aid to Gen. Greene.
After the close of active hostilities, he studied law under the instruction of Thomas Jefferson, for whom he entertained a strong friehdship. As a token of his esteem, he named his eldest son after the illustrious author of the Declaration
Having completed his studies, he returned to his father's home ia Rockkbridge, and at the next succeeding election, he was induced to become a candidate to represent Rockbridge county in the General Assembly. As he was comparatively unknown to the voters, he was defeated by a majority cf about 13 votes.
At this pcrind, aa incident occurred in the history of Archibald Stuart's iile, which was so singular, tbat we cannot forbear from placing it on record:
At that time, (as was the case for many years afterwards,) the elections were held on che first days of the April Courts of the several counties; and as no precincts had been established, ali the people voted at the Court Houses. Rockbridge then (as now) held her County Court, on the Ist Monday, and Botetourt on the second Monday, in each month.
On the Wednesday after tbe Rockbridge election, at which Archibald Stuart was defeated, Major Sruart requested bis son to-go to Botetourt, to attend to some business which he desired to have transacted with Col. Geo Skiliern, who lived on James River, and two mHes above Pattonsburg. He accordingly went to Col. Skiliern's residence, and after attending to the business was about to return home, when he received an earnest invitation to remain and attend a Barbecue, to be held at Pattonsburg on the succeeding Friday. He consented, and in company with Col. Skillern, attended the Barbacue, where many patriotic toasts were offered and speeches made. Among others was a toast complimentary lo the soldiers of the
Revolutionary war which had just closed. To this toast Mr. Stuart was called on to respond, which he did, in a manner so acceptable to the company, that they began to make enquiries in regard to him; and hearing tbat he had been, on the preceding Monday, defeated as a candidate for the Legislature from Rockbridge, some gentlemen suggested the idea cf electing him from Botetourt. This suggestion was favorably
received, and a committee was appointed to wait upon Mr. Stuart and submit the
propositioa to him. This was done and Mr. Stuart at once declined, seating, among other reasons, that he was not a free-holder in Botetourt and was, therefore, ineligible. Col. Skiliern promptly met that objection, by proposing to convey to him a small house and lot, which he owned in Fincastie. Yielding, at last, to the importunities of the gentlemen present, he finally consented to become a candidate for Botetourt, and Col. Skiliern executed, in due form the necessary deed to make him a freeholder. Mr. Stuart remained with Mr. Skiliern until the following Monday, when be went to Fincastie, declared himself a candidate - addressed the people from the Hustings, and was duly elected a delegate from Botetourt. He represented that county for three years, when he removed to, and settled in Staunton, for the
purpose of pursuing the profession of the law. He rapidly gained the confidence and favor of the people of Augusta, and in 1788 was elected, as the colleague of Zachariah Johnston, to represent the county of Augusta in the Convention called to ratify or reject the Constitution of the United States. He was ardently in favor of adopting the Constitution, and took an active part in accomplishing that result.
In May 1791, Archibald Stuart intermarried with Eleanor Briscoe, second daughter of Coi. Gerard Briscoe, originally of Montgomery county, Maryland, but then of Frederick county, Va. Col. Briscoe had two other daughters, viz: Mary, who married Dr. Cornelius Baldwin (the father of the late Judge Briscoe G. Baldwin.) aad Elizabeth, who married Judge Hugh Holmes, of Winchester.
About the time of Archibald Stuart's marriage, he was elected to the Senate of Virginia, of which body, he was, subsequently, chosen President.
He remained in the Senate during all the exciting scenes attending tbe discussion and adoption of the resolutions of '98-'99. In 1799 he was elected Judge of the Circuit Court of Virginia, and assigned to the Circuit of which Augusta was a part. This office he held until June 1st, 1831, when he retired, in tha 75th year of his ago, and was succeeded by the late Judge Lucas P. Thompson.
Judge Stuart always took an active part in the politics of the country. He was a zealous supporter of tbe old Republican party, aod was a member of the electoral colleges of 1800 and 1804, which cast the vote of Virginia for Jefferson; cf the colleges of 1808 and 1812, which voted for Madison; of the colleges of 1816 and 1820, which voted for Monroe, and of the college of 1821, which voted for Wm. H. Crawford.
Whilst Judge Stuart was at the Bar and in political life, he was thrown into intimate association with Patrick Henry, Thomas Jefferson, John Marshall, James Madison, James Monroe, and many other distinguished men of the Revolutionary era, aod a warm feeling of friendship existed betweeu them, which lasted during their lives. Judge Stuart practiced with Patrick Henry at the Court held at New Loudon, in Campbell county, and heard most of those marvelous displays of eloquence which
have placed Mr. Henry at the head of the list of American orators. It will be perceived, by reference to the notes to Wirt's life of Patrick Henry, that he acknowledges himself indebted to the pen of Judge Stuart for the account of Henry's great speech in the Convention of 1788, in opposition to the adoption of the Federal
Constitution, and also far the description of the trial of Hook's case.
Whilst Judge Stuart was at the Bar, he was particularly eminent as a land lawyer, and on the bench, he exhibited sound and discriminating judgment. Aided by a Bar composed of Chapman Johnson, Daniel Sheffey, John H. Peyton, Judge B. G. Baldwin and others, who then occupied the foremost place of the Bar of Augusta, and by P. P. Barbour, W. C. Rives, V. W. Southall. Wm. F. Gordon, A G. Davis, and Thos. W. Gilmer, af Albemarle. Sterling Ciaiborne, Jas. Garland and others, of Nelson, was able, pretty generally, to arrive at just conelusions in all cases that came before him.
Judge Stuart took great interest in the cause of education, and was one of the original corporators and trustees of Washington College. He also was mainly instrumental in establishing the Staunton Academy, having given to it the lot on which the building stands, and $100 in money.
Judge Stuart was of tall stature, and very dignified appearance. Until a very short time before his death, he maintained the style of dress of the Revolutionary era?wearing a queue, stort-breeches, and fair-top boots. He died July 11th, 1832, and is buried in the rear of the Episcopal Cburch in Staunton. His widow survived him more than 26 years, and died in October, 1858, from injuries received in a fall, in the 91st year of her age. She is buried by the side of her husband.
Judge Stuart left four sons to survive him, viz: Thomas Jefferson, Archibald Patterson, Gerard Briscoe, and Alex. H. H. Stuart.
Thomas J. married Martha M. Dabney, of Richmond, and Coi. Wm. D. Stuart, who distinguished himself by his gallantry in many battles during the war, and fell, mortally wounded, at the head of his regiment on the bloody field of Gettysburg, was his eldest son, Thomas J. Stuart died in August, 1856.
He was a man of fine natural abilities and educated at Washington College and William and Mary. He was a lawyer by profession, and frequently represented the county of Augusta in the General Assembly of Va.
Archibald P. Stuart was born in 1799 aod died in 1866. He resided 1½ miles west of
Staunton, on the farm known as Buttermilk spring, lying on both sides of the C. & 0. R.R. He married Josephine T. Xaupi, the daughter of a French gentleman, by whom he
had a large family. Two of Archibald P. Stuart's sons, viz, John A. and Henry C, were gallant soldiers in the Confederate States army.
Gerard B. Stuart and Alex. H. H. Stuart, the two youngest sons of Judge Archibald
Stuart, are still living - the former on South River, at Stuart's Mill, and the latter in Staunton.
Alex. H. H. Stusrt married Frances C, the oldest daughter of Judge B. G. Baldwin. They have a family of five daughters and one son living.