Find records: death
m. ABT 1730
m. 19 MAR 1765
Facts and Events
Andrew Pickens was born in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, the son of Scots-Irish immigrants, Andrew Pickens, Sr. and Anne (née Davis). His paternal great-grandparents were Huguenots Robert Andrew Pickens (Robert André Picon) and Esther-Jeanne, widow Bonneau, of South Carolina and La Rochelle, France.
In 1752 his family moved to the Waxhaws on the South Carolina frontier. He sold his farm there in 1764 and bought land in Abbeville County, South Carolina, near the Georgia border.
He established the Hopewell Plantation on the Seneca River, at which several treaties with Native Americans were held, each called the Treaty of Hopewell. Just across the river was the Cherokee town of Isunigu ("Seneca").
He served in the Anglo-Cherokee War in 1760–1761. When the Revolutionary War started, he sided with the rebel militia, and was made a captain. He rose to the rank of Brigadier General during the war.
On February 14, 1779, he was part of the militia victory at the Battle of Kettle Creek in Georgia.
Pickens was captured at the Siege of Charleston in 1780. He saw action at the Battle of Cowpens, Siege of Augusta, Siege of Ninety Six, and the Battle of Eutaw Springs.
Pickens also led a campaign in north Georgia against the Cherokee Indians late in the war. His victorious campaign led to the Cherokees ceding significant portions of land between the Savannah and Chattachoochee rivers in the Long Swamp Treaty signed in what is currently Pickens County, Georgia. Pickens was well regarded by Native Americans that he dealt with and was given the name Skyagunsta, "The Wizard Owl."
He and three hundred of his men went home to sit out the war on parole.
Pickens' parole did not last, however. After Tory raiders destroyed most of his property and frightened his family, he informed the British that they had violated the terms of parole and rejoined the war. During this period of the war, Pickens would join Francis Marion and Thomas Sumter as the most well-known partisan leaders in the Carolinas. Sumter also resumed fighting under similar circumstances. Pickens was soon operating in the Ninety Six District.
He married Rebecca Floride Calhoun in 1765. They had 12 children, including Andrew Pickens who later became governor of South Carolina. He was also an uncle of Floride Calhoun, the wife of John C. Calhoun.
Andrew Pickens died near Tamassee, South Carolina, in Oconee County, on Aug. 11, 1817. He is buried at Old Stone Church Cemetery in Clemson, South Carolina.
GENERAL IN THE REVOLUTION. HIS ANCESTORS, FRENCH HUGENAUTS, LEFT FRANCE AFTER THE EDICT OF NANTES. THEY WENT FIRST TO SCOTLAND, THEN TO IRELAND, AND FINALLY TO AMERICA. THE FAMILY MOVED TO AUGUSTA CO., VA AND SOON AFTER TO WAXHAWS IN SC BEFORE HE HAD ATTAINED THE AGE OF MANHOOD. HE MOVED TO ABBEVILLE IN 1763.
From DAR application for Linda Anne Daniel # 747983: "Andrew Pickens' service began on Nov 19 1775 when he was appointed Capt. of Company 2 under the command of Major Andrew Williamson. In January 1779, now Colonel Pickens, with 500 men attacked and dispersed Col. Boyds band of N.C. Loyalists on their way to Georgia. In January 1781 he rendered valuable service at the battle of Cowpens, fighting in the front lines. Gen. McCrady in his history of S.C. says, "The distinguishing feature of the battle of Cowpens upon the American side was undoubtedly the effectiveness of Pickens' marksmanship."
Was born in Buck County, Pennsylvania, September 13, 1739, and died August 11th, 1817. His ancestors left France after the Edict of Nantes. They went first to Scotland, then to Ireland and then to America. The family then removed to Augusta County, Virginia, and soon after to the Waxhaws in South Carolina before he had attained the age of manhood. In 1761 he served as a volunteer with Moultrie and Marion, in a bloody but successful expedition under Colonel Grant against the Cherokees. After the termination of that war he removed to Long Cane settlement in Abbeville. At an early period he took a positive stand against Great Britain, and at the commencement of the war was appointed captain of militia; rose to Major, Colonel and Brigadier General. In the most despondent period of the war with such leaders as Sumter and Marion he kept up the spirit of resistance against the British, Tories and Indians. In 1781 he commanded in chief the expedition against the Cherokees in the northwest corner of the State and such was his success in a short time he so subdued the spirit of that then powerful nation that a peace so permanent was effected that it since has not been disturbed. He fought at Cowpens, Eutaw, King's Mountain, and in many minor engagements both with British and Indians. In fact he stood as a power of strength, and was the great protector of all the Whig settlers in upper South Carolina. Peace being restored he served his country continuously in some public office until 1801. He made a treaty with the Cherokees by which that territory embraced in the counties of Greenville, Anderson, Pickens, and Oconee was ceded to the State. This treaty was made at Hopewell on the banks of the Seneca Ricer nearby Cherry's Crossing on the Blue Ridge Railroad. Soon after this treaty General Pickens removed to Hopewell and erected a dwelling on the hill a short distance from the tree under which the treaty was made. He owned a large body of land on Seneca River, the lower part of which he subsequently gave to his son, Ezekiel Pickens. He served in the State Convention, in the Legislature and in Congress. He was appointed Major General of militia. While residing at Hopewell, he with Gen. Robert Anderson, built the first Presbyterian Church near where the old Stone Church now stands. When Pendleton District was formed he was one of the county judges, and held the first court ever held therein. About what time he removed to his beautiful and valuable farm, Tomassee, now in Oconee County, is not known, but he was evidently residing there when the war of 1812 broke out. In this emergency he was again pressed into public service. He accepted a seat in the Legislature and was pressed to accept the office of Governor at this eventful crisis, which he declined because he thought the office should be left to more youthful hands. He died August 11th, 1817, and was buried at the Old Stone Church. Early in life General Pickens married Rebecca Calhoun, March 19th, 1765, a sister of John Ewing Calhoun who was a senator in Congress, and the daughter of Ezekiel Calhoun, the brother Patrick Calhoun. They had a numerous family.
Books about Gen. Andrew Pickens: