Alexander Wright, Merchant
Facts and Events
||Alexander Wright, Merchant
||bef. 23 May 1772
Alexander Wright was one of the Early Settlers of Augusta County, Virginia
Early Land Acquisition in Spotsylvania County, VA
From Spotsylvania County Records:
- Humphrey Hill of King & Queen Co., Gent., for himself, George Nelson, Esq., Latham Arnold & Jno. Maynard, Executors of last will & testament of Humphrey Bell, late of London, Merchant, dec’d, to Alexander Wright of Fredericksburg, Merchant, for £300. Lots 23 & 24 in Fredericksburg. Dated 4 June 1760, recorded 4 August 1760. [Source: Spotsylvania Co. Va. Deed Book E, 1751-61].
Early Land Acquisition in Augusta County, VA
Acquisition of Land from Chalkley's:
- Page 470.--22nd February, 1749. Deed. Beverley to Alexander Wright, March ____, Lots 8 and 9 in Staunton; also two 50A woodland lots Nos. 6 and 7. Teste: Charles Dick, John Reynolds, James Cowley.
- Page 279 - Alexander Wright, 385 acres, Greenbrier River. April 23, 1751. [Abstract of Land Grant Surveys, 1761-1791, Augusta & Rockingham Counties, Virginia, by Peter Cline Kaylor, pg. 95].
- Page 384.--1st June, 1751. William Preston to Alexander Wright, merchant, 334 acres in Beverley Manor; John Lewis's line; Maxwell's line. Teste: Henry Murray, Robert Scott.
- Page 179.--Beverley, late, &c., but now (28th November, 1751) of Great Britain, by Lewis and Madison to Alexander Wright, Gent., lot 12 in Staunton, 50 acres of Woodland No. 5. Livery of seisin by a latch of the door of house on the premises.
- Page 493.--9th October, 1754. James Brown, of Staunton, to Alexander Wright, of Staunton. Whereas Beverley by &c., 28th February, 1750, demised to James, 260 acres, part of mill tract for 61 years, conveys for 57 years and 6 months; £20, 173 acres, part of 260; Beverley's line; James Miller's line; corner to part leased to Robert Finley. Teste: Newman McGonegal.
- Page 465.—18th November, 1754. Col. James Patton to Alexander Wright, merchant, £5, 35 acres by patent 3d November, 1750; corner Peter Kinder on west side Roanoke.
- Page 28.--20th March, 1755. Thomas Lewis and John Madison for Beverley to Alexander Wright, £10, 4 lots in Staunton numbered 14, 15, 20, 21.
- Page 186.--1st July, 1755. Robert Finley, of Staunton, to Alexander Wright, of Staunton, by virtue of a lease to him by James Brown, conveys 6 acres of meadow adjoining widow Preston, Alexander Wright, and Ro. Finley's woodland, for 7 years. Teste: Ro. Brown, Patrick ( ) McCluskey.
Disposition of Land from Chalkley's:
- Page 488.--22d August, 1754. Alexander Wright, merchant, to John Madison, £9, paid by Mary McDonald, to the use of Mary McDonald, lot in Staunton, No. 12, whereon Mary now lives, and also lot No. 5, containing 50 acres, also in possession of Mary.
- Page 28.--20th March, 1755. Thomas Lewis and John Madison for Beverley to Alexander Wright, £10, 4 lots in Staunton numbered 14, 15, 20, 21.
- Page 367.--22d March, 1760. Alexander Wright, merchant, in Fredericksburg, to James Bratton, blacksmith, Ł75, 334 acres in Beverley Manor; Mr. Lewis' corner; Maxwell's line. Teste: Patt. Couts, Wm. Long, Chas. Lewis, Wm. Preston, Thos. Bowyer, John Neil.
- Page 60.--16th May, 1760. Alex. Wright, merchant in Fredericksburg, to Thomas Fulton, of Staunton, Ł200; lots 8 and 9 in Staunton. also lots 6 and 7 of woodland. Livery by key of door. Delivered: Thomas Fulton, 29th January, 1762.
- Page 62.--16th June, 1760. Same to same (Alex. Wright, merchant in Fredericksburg, to Thomas Fulton, of Staunton), Ł100, lote 14, 15, 20 and 21, conveyed to grantor by Wm. Beverley, 1755. Livery by one fence rail. Executed and delivered, 29th January, 1762.
- Page 415 - May 1764 - (702) Alexander Wright, merchant of Fredericksburg, to Daniel Kid. Whereas James Brown on 9th October, 1754 leased 173 acres, part of 1550 acres known by the name of Mill tract on which the Court House now stands, for 57 years 6 months to said Alexander Wright, for £20. This lease witnesseth. Alexander leases to said Daniel 173 acres; James Miller's line; Beverly's line; corner of Robert Finley's land, crossing the Creek; 47 years term; re-enter if said Thomas Fulton fails to pay. Teste: Daniel Kidd. April 1769.
Early Land Acquisition in Hampshire County, VA
Acquisition of Land from Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants:
- N-320: Messrs. James Hunter & Alexander Wright of Fredericksburg, 400 acres adj. Col. George Mercer on Walnut Bottom of South Branch of Potowmack in Hampshire County. Surv. John Moffett. 1 Dec. 1766. [Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants, 1742-1775, Vol. 2, Gertrude E. Gray, pg. 185].
- N-321: Messrs. James Hunter & Alexander Wright of Fredericksburg, 400 acres on Powder Lick Run of South Branch of Potowmack in Hampshire County. Surv. John Moffett. Adj. John Reed, Enoch Cornwell. 2 Dec. 1766. [Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants, 1742-1775, Vol. 2, Gertrude E. Gray, pg. 185].
Estate Records of Alexander Wright
- Vol. 1 - MAY 23, 1772. - (380) Alexr. Wright's death abates suit.
Processioning List of 1756
- "Processioning" was the periodic review and agreement of property lines between settler's lands. Processioning Lists are useful in determining the general area of a settlers lands and their neighbors at specific time periods:
- Page 179.--1756: Processioned in Capt. Israel Christian's Company by John Henderson and Wm. Baskins, viz: For Rev. John Craig, for Daniel Denniston, for James Wallace, for David Bell, for Robert Poage, for John Anderson, for Andrew Russell, for John Hutcheson, for Patrick McCollum, for James Coyle, for Geo. Anderson, for Robert Patterson, for Mathew Armstrong, for William Lewis, for James Lesley, for Archibald Hamilton, for John Poage, for Mr. Shodder, for Wm. Bell, for Wm. Wallace, for Robert McClenachan, for Alex. Wright, for Samuel Wilson, for John Cunningham, for Alex. McNite, for John Black, for Nathan Gililand, for John Bigham, for John Coulter, for John Buchanan, for Elijah McClenachan, for Robert Breckinridge, for Wm. Baskins, for Widow Crawford, for Joans Henderson, for Andrew Scott, for John Henderson.
Records in Augusta County, VA
From Chalkley’s Augusta County Records:
- Page 524.--22nd February, 1749. William Beverley to James Patton, Gent., 1398 acres in Beverley Manor. Corner Beverley Manor line. Teste: Alexander Wright, Thomas Stewart.
- Page 473.--23rd February, 1749. Same (Deed. Beverley) to William Johnston. Delivered: Zachariah Johnston, 1st June, 1773. 156 acres and 269 acres in Beverley Manor. Corner to William Wright. Corner John Thompson, Alexander Henderson's line. The Barrens. Platt. Teste: Alexander Wright, Samuel McCune.
- Page 399.--27th February, 1749. John Maxwell to Andrew Johnston, merchant, 218-1/2 acres in Beverley Manor. Corner John Madison. Corner John Maxwell. Teste: Alexander Wright, William Hamilton, Adam Breckenridge.
- Page 278.--22nd August, 1749. Silas Hart, mason, to William Anderson. farmer. Delivered: Benjamin Morgan, August, 1762. 460 acres on North Branch James. Patented to Silas, 12th January, 1746. Teste: Alexander Wright, Andrew Johnston, James Edmiston.
- Page 205.--30th November, 1749. Alex. Wright's bond as administrator of Jacob Kinder, with sureties John Harvie, Robert Breckinridge.
- Page 741.--18th May, 1750. John Buchanan, Gent., to Humphrey Baker, 100 acres on Woods River. Teste: James Patton, Alexander Wright, James Porteus.
- Vol. 1 - JUNE 11, 1751--AUGUST 27, 1751. - Page (176) This book begins August 1749, but there are no orders but those of suits and actions until August 27, 1751, when a new Court was organized under a commission from the Hon. Lewis Burwell, President of Virginia, dated 11th June, 1751, directed to James Patton, Peter Scholl,* Robert Cunningham, Wm. Jameson, David Stuart,* John Lynn,* Erwin Patterson,* Thos. English, Benj. Borden,* Joseph Kenady, John Denton, Wm. Christian, Robert Breckinridge, John Lewis,* Silas Hart, Andw. Lewis,* James Rutledge, Alexr. Wright, Ro. McClenahan,* Robert Campbell, John Wilson, Richd. Burton, Patr. Martin, James Lockhart, John Mills, Ro. Ramsey, Richd. Woods, John Anderson, John Ruddle, Thos. Stuart, John Lyle, John Buchanan, Thomas Lewis, Archd. Alexander, John Mathews, Adam Dickenson, Mathias Seltzer, Wm. Harbeson. (Those marked (*) qualified.)
- Page 35.--3d March, 1754. John Madison's bond as guardian (chosen) to Agnes Welsh, orphan of James Welsh, with surety Alex. Wright.
- Page 82.--21st November, 1754. Archibald Boreland's accounts as administrator, vs. estate of Wm. Jackson--Paid Andrew Dunlap, John Harden, Robt. Duffels, Archd. Elliot, Wm. Davis, Alex. Wright, Alex. McAllroy, Michl. Harper, Jno. Carolile, Samuel McAlvery, Jno. Graham, Joseph Mays, Samuel Ferguson, Wm. Elliott, Stephen Wilson, Alex. Gillespy, Naphtalin Gregory, Jno. Warwick, John Crockett, Charles Dunlap, Geo. Lewis, Thos. Bryan, Nathan Patterson, James Boreland, Wm. Hamilton, James Brown, James Lockridge, John Williamson, David Stanley; cash paid James Armstrong; 7 gallons whiskey for 2d vendue; to Jinney Boreland's account proved.
- Page 116.--22d August, 1755. Alexander Wright's bond as administrator of Wm. Wright, with sureties John Harvie, Gabriel Jones. Teste: John Semple.
- Vol. 1 - NOVEMBER 18, 1757. - (45) Joseph Bell appointed Constable in Staunton, vice Alexr. Wright.
- Vol. 1 - MARCH, 1758 (B). - Alexr. Wright vs. Andrew Kerr.--June 14, 1754. To Rutherford, on faith. Henry, on sacrament.
- Vol. 1 - AUGUST, 1758. - The Grand Jurors present Wm. Long, John Smith, William Fitzgerald-- that they on 18th October, 1756, did with force and arms, in a riotous manner, enter the close and house of Alexr. Wright, in Town of Staunton, and then and there did beat, strike and abuse one Mary McDonnell, then in said house, and likewise break doors and windows.
- Page 267.--17th August, 1758. Peter Kender's (Kinder? Ginder?) estate, account with Alex. Wright, administrator--To sundries from 22d August, 1748, to 22d August. 1749. Paid Erwin Patterson, Patrick Vance, for wages. Paid Alex. Ingram (4 days writing). Paid Ephraim Vause for crying the vendue. Paid Francis Cyphers, Henry Brown, Geo. Griffith. These did not pay for goods bought at vendue, viz: Joseph Kimmins, James McAfee, Jean Patterson, John Gold, Joseph McDonald, David Robinson.
- Page 432.--6th June, 1760. Thomas Lewis and Jean to Andrew Lewis, £300, 740 acres in Beverley Manor on Lewis Creek; Alex. Wright's field.
- Vol. 1 - 1762. - Memorandum of ye weight of bacon bought from Jacob Petter, 361, at 4 1/2 == £6, 15, 4 1/2. April ye 12th, 1756. Received from Jacob Petter 287 1/2 pounds of bacon for the use of Capt. Israel Christy's men, I say. Received by us more eight pounds and three-quarters. (Signed) George Bigham, Robert Armstrong. To Capt. Israel Christy, or Lieut. Alexander Wright. (Endorsed.) Capt. Christian says he has paid the above.
- Page 156.--6th February, 1762.--James Litster's estate sold to, viz. James Ward, Geo. Wilson, Mathew Reed, Wm. Cabeen, Chas. Donnally, Ro. Armstrong, Edward Long, Pat. Cunningham, Andw. Greer, Thos. Fulton, Margt. Cameron, Jno. Stewart, Ro. Reed, Geo. Francisco, David Bell, Wm. Poage, Wm. Crow, Luke Bowyer, Abraham Thornton. Wm. Henderson, Jno. Buchanan, Thos. O'Neal, Alex. Gibson, Alex. Wright, Jno. Francis, James Simpson, Geo. Weaver, Philip Helveston, Jno. King, Geo. Anderson, Rev. Mr. Craige, Andw. Russell, Saml. Caldwell, Joseph Roberts, Jno. Gregory, Jno. Lucas, Mathew Clark, Jno. Anderson, Jr., James Robinson, Jacob Parsinger, Saml. Moore, Christopher Vinyard, Thos. Patterson, the Widow Bell, Ralph Gorrell, Jos. Russell, James Gilmore, Simon Robertson, James Hughes.
- Page 293.--22d June, 1763. Thomas Fulton, of Stanton, to William Howard, of Albemarle County, £45.10, lot 9 in Staunton and 13 acres of woodland laid off at the south corner of one of the said Thomas Fulton's lots numbered 6 bought by Thomas from Alexander Wright, 16th May, 1760. Delivered: Wm. Howard, March, 1765.
- Page 343.--24th June, 1763. Thomas Fulton and Elisabeth to William Preston and Robert Bratton, £200, lots 8, 15 and 21 in Staunton, and two lots of woodland, Nos. 6 and 7, 50 acres each, all conveyed to Thomas by Alex. Wright, 1760.
- Vol. 1 - MARCH, 1764 (B). - Alexander Wright vs. Robert Young.--Defendant lives in Forks of James River, 17th January, 1764.
- Vol. 1 - MARCH, 1764 (B). - Alexander Wright vs. Joseph Rea.--Account, 1759. Withdrawn. Writ executed.
- Vol. 1 - MARCH, 1764 (B). - Jo(seph) Ray vs. Wright.--1759. Mr. Joseph Rea, debtor to Alexander Wright. To cash at Winchester, answered for you to Bryon Bruin before you could get out of town, £3.0.0. Cash at Combs, £0.2.3. Interest for three years I ought to be allowed. November 10, 1763. Errors excepted pr. Alexander Wright. Spotsylvania, S. C. Alexander Wright made oath to the above account of £3.2.3 is just. Certified by me this 30th of November, 1763. Fielding Lewis. If he be run off this is useless, so need not order out.
- Page 417 - 18 June 1764. (764) Thomas Fulton & Elizabeth, of Staunton, to Stephen Loye, L25, lot in Staunton, leased by Beverly to Alexander Wright, 22 Feb. 1749, who conveyed to Thomas. Delivered: Stephen Loy, April, 1767.
- Vol. 1 - MARCH 23, 1765. - (306) Alexr. Wright vs. Andrew Johnston } At time of serving out the writ, defendant was in his Majesty's service as a soldier.
- Vol. 1 - AUGUST, 1766 (C). - Alexander Wright vs. Capt. Christian Benjeman, in Hampshire.--1766- 1764.
- Vol. 1 - NOVEMBER, 1766 (A). - Wright vs. Lewis.--George Lewis, of Cow Pasture, debtor, 1764, to Alexr. Wright. Cash to B. Lewis, 2/6.
- Page 459 - 29 July 1767. (523) William Howard, of Albemarle County, to Sampton & George Mathews, L45, lot 9 in Staunton; also 13 acres of woodland at south corner of one of Thomas Fulton's lots, numbered 6, conveyed by Thomas to William, & to Thomas by Alexander Wright, 16 May 1760. Teste: Archer Mathews, Thomas Smith, Thomas Rennick, John Ridpath.
- Page 203.--19th March, 1768. Stephen Loy and Mary ( ) to John Sharp Watkins, 5 shillings, half lot No. 14 in Staunton, formerly leased by Beverley, 22d February, 1749, to Alexander Wright, who conveyed it to said Thomas Fulton, and now conveyed by Stephen Loy. Teste: Randal Lockhart, Michael Weaver, John Cawley. Delivered: Jno. Sharp Watkins, 4th August, 1773.
- Page 126.--__ _____, 1769. Sampson and Geo. Mathews to William Bowyer, £15, lot No. 9 in Staunton; also 13 acres of wood land at south corner of one of Thomas Fulton's lots numbered 6 and conveyed by Thomas Fulton to William Howard and by him to S. and G. Mathews; conveyed to Thomas Fulton by Alexander Wright, 17th May, 1760. Teste: Wat Cunningham, Pat. Lockhart. Delivered: Wliliam Bowyer, Esq., 25th April, 1775.
- Vol. 1 - MAY, 1773 (C). - Andrew Johnston vs. Alexander Wright.--Chancery writ, 20th August, 1766. In 174__ orator and Charles Dick, of Fredericksburg, and Alexander Wright entered into partnership to conduct a store at Augusta County Court House. The business was continued until 1751, when it was dissolved. Orator carried on the business, but became involved, and in order to avoid prison he went to Carolina, leaving his books in defendant's possession. Wright cheated him and by indulgence of his creditors he returned to Virginia.
Information on Alexander Wright
From "The Backcountry Towns of Colonial Virginia", by Christopher E. Hendricks:
- Like Winchester, Staunton depended upon an overland trade to transport its goods, because as Johann David Schoepf noted: "Staunton has no navigatable stream near it". County officials diligently worked to have roadways cleared, sometimes enlisting the aid of the colonial legislature. With the developoment of a road network to the county seat, inns and taverns prospered, and stores quickly followed. Felix Gilbert established a store in town by 1748, and soon faced competition from Israel Christian. Alexander Wright, a merchant operating in Fredericksburg, purchased lots in Staunton and opened operations there, signalling interest in the new town from Tidewater interests.