Notebook:Walker Land Records in Lancaster County summarizes the data for Walker warrants and patents issued for locations in the Cumberland Valley early in the settlement period. Most of this area was in Lancaster County at the time the first Walkers arrived here, but the area was later divided into Cumberland, Dauphin, Lebanon, Franklin, and other counties. The distinction between a warrant and a patent has significance in interpreting these records. There is a brief discussion about using warrant and patent records at Pennsylvania Land Records.
A dozen or so warrants for land in the Cumberland Valley were issued to Walkers between 1735 and 1753. However, only three of these were issued prior to 1740:
After 1740 a number of other warrants were issued to Walkers in the Cumberland Valley:
In addition a survey record for 1766 shows an "Archibald Walker" as a neighboring land owner (Lancaster Survey C36-47). Neither a warrant or patent record for an Archibald Walker has been identified to date, but he is clearly shown on the adjacent landowners survey record, and so must have been prsent in the area prior to 1766 when the survey was performed.
The following diagram depicts the location of these known landholdings:
The above discussed land holdings can be examined in terms of family relationships and history. A version of the Egles descendancy is shown below for discussion purposes:
The three red circles in the warrants diagram represent early land warrants, and probably reflect the three immigrant ancestors: William, James, and Henry, as presented in the Egles descendancy. Another immigrant ancestor, Andrew, may represented by the Green Circle toward the center of the map, though its appearance here is almost 20 years after the initial settlement of William James, and Henry. It seems more likely that the warrant issued to Andrew Walker in 1753 was to Andrew, son of Andrew, rather than to the immigrant ancestor. If so, this leaves us with a question "where was the immigrant Andrew living during these 20 years? Presumably he's in the area, but where exactly?
Most of the other Green circles are probably related to the children of Henry and James Walker the immigrants. Here it is interesting to note that the children of Henry seem to have settled closest to the fathers original land holding; in fact its obvious from the individual surveys and warrants that Henry eventually left his property to two of his sons, and a third, John, settled adjacent to them. Two of James son's, Archibald and David, settled some distance away.
William, the other immigrant ancestor represented here, settled on the west side of the Susquehanna. He's actually the first to take out a warrant, which places the family in the area by 1735. We do not see any of his children represented in these warrants, yet from the tax records, we know they were in the area until at least 1751, primarily, we think, in West Pennsboro of Cumberland County.
Missing from this discussion is information on two of the immigrant brothers, Samuel and Robert. Where were they at this time? Egles says that Andrew was in Cumberland County with his brother William, but if so, there's no evidence of this in the land warrants. Still, a Robert Walker does show up in 1751 tax records, and he may be the immigrant Robert. Since Robert's line is the one through which YDNA data has been developed, its particularly important to know more about his history. Samuel may well be the Samuel Walker of the Orphan line who appears somewhat later in the Carolina Cradle, along with a number of folks who match the YDNA of the Cumberland Valley Walkers lines described by Egles.
Another "elephant in the tent" is the non-mention of John Walker of the Wigton Walker lineage, whose descendants share a YDNA signature with the "Path Walkers". John is known to have been present in Chester/Cecil County in/near the Nottingham Lots about this same time. Since he shares the same YDNA signature as the Path Walkers, we have to assume that he's closely related to them. While his history is well known, and he is not "missing" in the same sense that Samuel Andrew and Robert are "missing", we don't know how he connects to the Path Walkers. Since he shows up in the Carolina Cradle very close to members of the Path Walkers who immigrated there around 1756, we think his relation to the Path Walkers must have been very close.
There is also the Joseph Walker of the Blunston licenses who secured a license for land on Conedogwainett Creek, where William of the Path Walkers also settled. We suspect he too is a "Path Walker", but we know nothing more of him. Where did he go, and how is he related?
1751 Tax Records
The following set of diagrams show the names of Walkers present in the various townships that comprise these counties about 1751. (The townships boundaries are approximations of their 1751 boundaries. The starting point for this were the township boundaries depicted on Wikipedia, working backwards to account for township subdivision after 1751. The goal is to attempt to show the township boundaries as they were about 1751 shown within the framework of the modern county boundaries. The most noteworthy feature of these diagrams is the fact that the distribution of Walkers is strongly councentrated along the southern townships in these counties. The distribution of Walkers, as far as it can be seen from township based mappings, does not suggest a random settlement. The fact that the settlement pattern of these Walkers is highly ordered suggests a family relationship between them.
Dauphin and Lebanon Counties
The following map shows the location of various townships of Dauphin County about 1757. Tax lists for these townships have been examined for about 1751 for the presence of persons bearing the Walker surname. Walkers were found only in lists for "East Derry" and "West Derry", and Londonderry. None of the tax lists examined for the remaining townships showed the presence of Walkers. Note that in this map the heavy blue line along the western border represents the Susquehanna River.
The following map shows the location of the original townships of Cumberland County. Not shown are the western and southwestern portions of Cumberland which were cut off from the county at a later date, but which areas were largely unoccupied in 1750. Tax lists for three of the four townships making up Cumberland County circa 1750 have been examined to determine which Walkers were present in each area. (Middletown Township has not yet been examined.)
Franklin County split off from Cumberland County in 1751. In that year there were five townships that comprised the new county: Lurgan, Antrim, and Hamilton, Peters, and Guilford. The only Walker who appears in the tax lists for these townships is an Alexander Walker of Lurgan Township.