Approximately 40 known fortifications were constructed in Southwest Virginia during the period of Indian Hostilties from 1774-1794. The map below shows the location of some of the most prominent fortifications. These forts were either part of the defensive network constructed during Dunmore's War or were privately erected for the protection of a few families (e.g, Houston's Fort). There were three main types of fortifications erected during this period: Palisaded forts (Moore's Fort at Castle's Woods), blockhouses (Anderson's Blockhouse at the start of the Wilderness Road), or forthouses (Kilgore's Forthouse, not shown). In many cases we do not know the specific type of fort that was constructed at any given location. The forts shown here are believed to be mostly either palisaded structures or blockhouses, and figured prominently in the history of the area. Note that some of these forts, particularly those which were constructed as part of Dunmore's War, have been known by different names. A list of known fortifications in southwest Virginia is provided under the heading List of Forts of Southwest Virginia
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