Campbell Surname Facts


The surname Campbell is primarily a Scottish family name of Gaelic origins, spelled as Caimbeal[1] or Caimbeul.[2] The meaning "wry mouth" is derived from the words cam (crooked, distorted) and beal or beul (mouth, opening).

Research Notes

Looking for info on 'Andrew Russel Campbell, 1881 - 1914. He was married to Margaret Clinkskill. They were in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada in 26 Dec. 1906. He died in Ottawa ON, 21 August 1914.

Campbell-related trees and history websites

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the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Campbell is a Scottish and Northern Irish surname —derived from the Gaelic roots cam ("crooked") and beul ("mouth")—that originated as a nickname meaning "crooked mouth" or "wry mouthed." Clan Campbell, historically one of the largest and most powerful of the Highland clans, traces its origins to the ancient Britons of Strathclyde. Between 1200 and 1500 the Campbells emerged as one of the most powerful families in Scotland, dominant in Argyll and capable of wielding a wider influence and authority from Edinburgh to the Hebrides and western Highlands.

Today, the name is found throughout the world as a consequence of large scale emigration from Scotland from the 18th century onwards and the settlement of the Scottish diaspora in many countries particularly the United States, Canada and Australia. Due to significant Scottish immigration in the 16th and 17th Centuries, the name is also found across the island of Ireland but particularly in Ulster. Outside of Ulster, Irish occurrences of the name can also derive from the surname Mac Cathmhaoil, from which also descend the surnames MacCawill, McCaul, MacCall, and Caulfield. The Irish pronunciation of Cathmhaoil ("battle chief") coincided with the Scottish pronunciation of Campbell, and the name was anglicised accordingly.

Campbell is the third most common surname in Northern Ireland, fourth most common in Jamaica, seventh most common in Scotland, 12th most common in Canada, 18th most common in Australia, 41st most common in the United States and 65th most common in England.[1]


  1. Woulfe, Patrick, Irish Names and Surnames. (Dublin: M.H. Gill & Son, 1923), p 233. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., 2010.[1]
  2. The Scottish Clans And Their Tartans. (?), p 15. Reprinted by Kessinger Publishing, 2005.[2]
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