Place:Noord-Brabant, Netherlands

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NameNoord-Brabant
Alt namesNorth Brabant
Noord Brabantsource: Times Atlas of the World (1988)
Noord-Brabantsource: Wikipedia
NBsource: Abbreviation
Provincie Noord-Brabant
TypeProvincie
Coordinates51.5°N 5°E
Located inNetherlands
Contained Places
Unknown
Brakel
Deurne en Liessel
Dorp
Casteren
Drimmelen
Vinkel
Gemeente
's-Hertogenbosch ( 1000 - )
Aalburg ( 1973 - )
Alphen-Chaam ( 1997 - )
Asten
Baarle-Nassau
Bergeijk
Bergen op Zoom ( 500 - )
Bernheze
Best
Boekel
Boxmeer
Boxtel
Breda ( 1000 - )
Budel
Dongen
Eersel
Etten en Leur ( 1810 - )
Geertruidenberg
Gemert-Bakel
Gilze-Rijen
Goirle
Grave
Haaren
Heusden
Hilvarenbeek
Nuenen Gerwen en Nederwetten
Oosterhout
Oss
Rucphen
Sint Anthonis
Sint-Michielsgestel
Steenbergen
Tilburg ( 1200 - )
Valkenswaard
Veldhoven
Vught
Waalwijk
Werkendam
Woensdrecht
Woudrichem ( 1811 - )
Zevenbergen
Zundert
General region
Land van Altena
Meierij
Historical district
Langel
Inhabited place
Bladel
Cuyk
Deurne
Eindhoven ( 1000 - )
Fijnaart
Gilze
Hapert
Heeze
Helmond ( 1100 - )
Hooge Zwaluwe
Hooge en Lage Mierde
Hooge en Lage Zwaluwe
Hoogerheide
Kaatsheuvel
Leende
Lieshout
Loon op Zand
Maarheze
Made
Megen
Mierlo
Mill
Moerdijk
Myert
Nieuwkuijk
Nispen
Nuenen
Oirschot
Oisterwijk
Oud Gastel
Overloon
Prinsenbeek
Raamsdonkveer
Reusel
Rijen
Roosendaal ( 1268 - )
Schijndel
Sint Willebrord
Sint-Oedenrode
Someren
Son
Uden
Udenhout
Ulvenhout
Veghel
Volkel
Waalre
Zeeland ( 1811 - 1993 )
Zevenbergschenhoek
Unknown
's-Grevelduin-Capelle
Besoijen
Castelré
De Hoeven
De Moer
De Werken
Den Hout
Dennenburg
Deursen
Deuteren
Eckart
Elshout
Fijnaart en Heijningen
Gastel
Gemonde
Gennep
Gewande
Haarsteeg
Hal
Heerle
Heezel
Hendrik Luytenambacht
Heusdenhout
Hinkelenoord
Huisseling
Hulsel
Hulten
Keent
Langeweg
Lepelstraat
Liessel
Maashees
Meerveldhoven
Middelrode
Minderhout
Moerstraten
Muilkerk
Neerkant
Neerloon
Nieuw-Vossemeer
Onsenoort
Orthen
Oud- en Nieuw-Gastel
Peelland
Rixtel
Ruigenhill
Sint Maartenspolder
Sleeuwijk
Soerendonk
Son en Breugel
Standhazen
Sterksel
Uijthuizen
Uitwijk
Ulicoten
Vorenseinde
Vostenbosch
Waardhuizen
Wagenberg
Wernhout
Wijbosch
Zegge
Zoomvliet
Zuidgeest
Voormalige gemeente
's-Gravenmoer ( - 1997 )
Aalst ( - 1923 )
Aarle-Rixtel ( - 1997 )
Alem Maren en Kessel ( - 1957 )
Almkerk ( - 1973 )
Alphen en Riel ( - 1996 )
Andel ( - 1973 )
Baardwijk ( - 1921 )
Bakel en Milheeze ( - 1997 )
Beek en Donk ( 1811 - 1997 )
Beek ( 1942 - 1996 )
Beers ( - 1994 )
Berghem ( - 1993 )
Berkel-Enschot-Heukelom ( - 1996 )
Berlicum ( - 1995 )
Beugen en Rijkevoort ( 1817 - 1942 )
Bokhoven ( - 1921 )
Borkel en Schaft ( - 1934 )
Capelle ( - 1923 )
Chaam ( - 1996 )
Cromvoirt ( - 1932 )
Cuijk en Sint Agatha ( - 1993 )
De Werken en Sleeuwijk ( 1814 - 1950 )
Den Dungen ( - 1995 )
Dieden Demen en Langel ( - 1923 )
Diessen ( - 1997 )
Dinteloord en Prinsenland ( - 1996 )
Dinther ( - 1968 )
Dommelen ( - 1934 )
Drongelen ( - 1923 )
Drunen ( - 1996 )
Duizel en Steensel ( - 1923 )
Dussen ( - 1996 )
Eethen ( 1923 - 1972 )
Empel en Meerwijk ( - 1971 )
Engelen ( 1821 - 1971 )
Erp ( - 1994 )
Esch ( - 1996 )
Escharen ( - 1942 )
Gassel ( - 1942 )
Geffen ( - 1993 )
Geldrop ( - 2004 )
Gemert ( - 1996 )
Gestel en Blaarthem ( - 1919 )
Giessen ( - 1973 )
Ginneken en Bavel ( - 1941 )
Halsteren ( - 1996 )
Haps ( - 1994 )
Hedikhuizen ( - 1935 )
Heesbeen Eethen en Genderen ( - 1923 )
Heesch ( - 1993 )
Heeswijk ( - 1968 )
Heeswijk-Dinther ( 1969 - 1993 )
Helvoirt ( - 1996 )
Herpen ( - 1941 )
Herpt en Bern ( 1812 - 1935 )
Hoogeloon Hapert en Casteren ( - 1996 )
Huijbergen ( - 1996 )
Klundert ( - 1997 )
Liempde ( - 1996 )
Lierop ( - 1935 )
Linden ( - 1942 )
Lith ( - 2011 )
Lithoijen ( - 1939 )
Luyksgestel ( - 1997 )
Maarheeze ( - 1997 )
Meeuwen ( - 1923 )
Moergestel ( - 1997 )
Nieuw-Ginneken ( 1942 - 1996 )
Nistelrode ( - 1993 )
Nuland ( - 1993 )
Oeffelt ( - 1994 )
Oerle ( - 1921 )
Oijen en Teeffelen ( - 1938 )
Oost- West- en Middelbeers ( 1811 - 1998 )
Ossendrecht ( - 1997 )
Oudenbosch ( - 1997 )
Oudheusden ( - 1935 )
Princenhage ( 1819 - 1942 )
Putte ( - 1997 )
Raamsdonk ( - 1996 )
Ravenstein ( - 2002 )
Reek ( - 1942 )
Riethoven ( - 1997 )
Rijsbergen ( 1811 - 1997 )
Rijswijk ( - 1973 )
Roosendaal en Nispen ( - 1997 )
Rosmalen ( - 1996 )
Sambeek ( - 1942 )
Schaijk ( - 1994 )
Sprang ( 1812 - 1923 )
Sprang-Capelle ( 1923 - 1997 )
Standdaarbuiten ( - 1997 )
Stiphout ( - 1968 )
Stratum ( - 1920 )
Strijp ( - 1920 )
Terheijden ( - 1997 )
Teteringen ( 1812 - 1997 )
Tongelre ( - 1920 )
Veen ( - 1973 )
Velp ( - 1942 )
Vessem Wintelre en Knegsel ( 1815 - 1997 )
Vierlingsbeek ( - 1998 )
Vlierden ( - 1926 )
Vlijmen ( 1821 - 1997 )
Vrijhoeve-Capelle ( 1812 - 1923 )
Wanroij ( - 1993 )
Waspik ( - 1996 )
Westerhoven ( - 1996 )
Wijk en Aalburg ( - 1973 )
Willemstad ( 1811 - 1996 )
Woensel ( 1811 - 1919 )
Wouw ( - 1997 )
Zeelst ( - 1921 )
Zesgehuchten ( - 1921 )
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

North Brabant, also unofficially called Brabant, is a province in the south of the Netherlands. It borders the provinces of South Holland and Gelderland to the north, Limburg to the east, Zeeland to the west, and Belgium to the south. The northern border follows the Meuse westward to its mouth in the Hollands Diep strait, part of the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt delta.

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History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The Duchy of Brabant was a state of the Holy Roman Empire established in 1183 or 1190. It developed from the Landgraviate of Brabant and formed the heart of the historic Low Countries, part of the Burgundian Netherlands from 1430 and of the Habsburg Netherlands from 1482, until it was split up after the Dutch revolt. After the War of Independence, Catholics in the Southern Netherlands were systematically and officially discriminated against by the Northern Protestant government until the second half of the 20th century, which had a major influence on the economic and cultural development of the southern part of the Netherlands.

Present-day North Brabant (Staats-Brabant) was adjudicated to the Generality Lands of the Dutch Republic according to the 1648 Peace of Westphalia, while the reduced duchy remained in existence with the Southern Netherlands until it was conquered by French Revolutionary forces in 1794.

Until the 17th century, the area that now makes up the province of North Brabant was mostly part of the Duchy of Brabant, of which the southern part is now in Belgium. During the 14th and 15th centuries, the area experienced a golden age—especially the nowadays-Belgian cities of Brussels, Mechelen, Leuven and Antwerp, and nowadays-Dutch cities of Breda, Bergen op Zoom and 's-Hertogenbosch.

After the Union of Utrecht was signed in 1579, Brabant became a battlefield between the Protestant Dutch Republic and Catholic Spain, which occupied the southern Netherlands. As a result of the Peace of Westphalia, the northern part of Brabant became part of the Netherlands as the territory of Staats-Brabant (State Brabant) under federal rule, in contrast to the founding provinces of the Dutch Republic which were self-governing.

Attempts to introduce Protestantism into the region were largely unsuccessful; North Brabant remained strongly Roman Catholic. For over a century, North Brabant served mainly as a military buffer zone. In 1796, when confederate Dutch Republic became the unitary Batavian Republic, Staats-Brabant became a province as Bataafs Brabant. This status ended with the reorganisation by the French, and the area was divided over several departments.

In 1815, Belgium and the Netherlands were united in the United Kingdom of the Netherlands, and the province of North Brabant was established and so named to distinguish it from South Brabant in present-day Belgium, which seceded from the Kingdom in 1830. This boundary between the Netherlands and Belgium is special in that it does not form a contiguous line, but leaves a handful of tiny enclaves (and enclaves inside enclaves) on both sides of the border. A few of these irregularities were corrected (Luyksgestel was exchanged for Lommel), Huijbergen became totally Dutch, but some remain, notably Baarle-Hertog (Belgian) and Baarle-Nassau (Dutch).

When the present province was instituted, its territory was expanded with a part of the province of Holland and the former territory of Ravenstein which had previously belonged to the Duchy of Cleves, as well as several small, formerly autonomous entities.

The period from 1900 until the late 1960s is called Het Rijke Roomse Leven (translated as 'the rich Roman life', with 'Roman' meaning 'Roman Catholic'), an era of strong religious belief. Het Rijke Roomse Leven came about as result of the emancipatory drive of the province's disadvantaged Catholic population and was supported by a Roman Catholic pillar, which was directed by the clergy, and not only encompassed churches, but also Roman Catholic schools and hospitals, which were run by nuns and friars. In those days every village in North Brabant had a convent from which the nuns operated. Politically, the province was dominated by Catholic parties: the Roman Catholic State Party and its post-war successor, the Catholic People's Party, which often held around 75% of the vote.


In the 1960s secularisation and the actual emancipation of the Catholic population brought about the gradual dissolution of the Catholic pillar, as church attendance decreased in North Brabant as elsewhere in Western Europe. The influence of Het Rijke Roomse Leven (The Rich Roman (Catholic) Life) remains in the form of education where some schools are still Roman Catholic, (today run by professional teachers and not by nuns) and in North Brabant's culture, politics, mentality and customs, such as carnival. Though the interpretation of the Roman Catholic identity in North Brabant has shifted during the last 65 years from religious to cultural, the province still has a distinct Catholic atmosphere when compared to the provinces north of the major rivers. A cultural divide is still found between the "Catholic" south and the "Protestant" north, but with a total of 1.5 million people and 20% of the industrial production in the Netherlands the southern "Catholic" area BrabantStad has become one of the major economical important, metropolitan regions of the Netherlands. As of 2010, Catholics were no longer a majority of the population in the province of North Brabant. Only 1–2% of the total population of the Catholic area attend mass, and these churchgoers consist mostly of people over 65 years old.

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This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at North Brabant. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
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