Place:Nürtingen, Württemberg, Germany

Alt namesNürtingensource: Getty Vocabulary Program
Nuertingensource: Wikipedia
Coordinates48.617°N 9.333°E
Located inWürttemberg, Germany
Also located inEsslingen, Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany    
Contained Places
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog
source: Family History Library Catalog

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Nürtingen is a town on the river Neckar in the district of Esslingen in the state of Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany.


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The following events occurred, by year:

  • 1046: First mention of Niuritingin in the document of Speyer. Heinrich III gave Nürtingen as a gift to the chapter of Speyer
  • around 1335: Nürtingen received city rights
  • 1421: From this date, Nürtingen was the domicile of the Württemberg widows of former sovereigns.
  • 1602: The Maientag, a famous folklore procession and celebration, was first recorded
  • 1634: Half of the population died in the Thirty Years' War and of the plague
  • 1750: 133 buildings were burned down in the great fire
  • 1783/1784: Friedrich Hölderlin and Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling were pupils of the Latin school (German: Lateinschule). They are still commemorated in the town by the street name Schellingstraße and the name of a high school Hölderlin-Gymnasium.

20th century

During the Nazi era there were in today's urban area 17 forced labor camps and accommodations with "Eastern workers", prisoners of war and "foreign workers", who had to work in the local companies, such as Maschinenfabrik Gebrüder Heller. At the present location of the secondary schools was the Mühlwiesenlager with "Eastern workers". Eleven names of victims of the "euthanasia" murders are known; they were killed in Grafeneck or Hadamar. They also caused that all in so-called "mixed marriages" living men were brought to concentration camps and murdered there.

A Sinti child born in Nürtingen, Anton Köhler, was with most of his siblings brought in 1944 from the Catholic orphanage St. Josephpflege in Mulfingen to Auschwitz-Birkenau and killed after his parents had been murdered.

  • 1945 : A few bombs hit Nürtingen. The Tiefenbachtal (a valley south of Nürtingen) was an escape route for German soldiers.
  • 1948 : The population increased from 10,000 to 17,000 due to refugees and displaced persons from East Germany
  • 1973 : The district of Nürtingen was merged into the district of Esslingen

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