Place:Cumberland, England

Watchers
NameCumberland
Alt namesCULsource: Chapman County Code (GENUKI)
TypeHistoric county, Administrative county
Coordinates51.545°N 3°W
Located inEngland     ( - 1974)
See alsoCumbria, Englandmodern county into which Cumberland merged in 1974
Contained Places
Borough (county)
Carlisle CB ( - 1974 )
Borough (municipal)
Whitehaven MB ( - 1974 )
Workington MB ( - 1974 )
Cathedral city
Carlisle ( - 1974 )
Chapelry
Allhallows ( - 1974 )
Borrowdale ( - 1974 )
Buttermere ( - 1974 )
Cockermouth ( - 1974 )
Embleton ( - 1974 )
Whitehaven ( - 1973 )
Civil parish
Above Derwent ( - 1974 )
Addingham
Allhallows ( - 1974 )
Allonby
Alston with Garrigill ( - 1974 )
Arlecdon and Frizington ( - 1974 )
Aspatria and Brayton ( - 1934 )
Aspatria ( - 1974 )
Bassenthwaite ( - 1974 )
Beckermet St. Bridget ( - 1974 )
Bewaldeth and Snittlegarth ( - 1974 )
Birker and Austhwaite ( - 1934 )
Blencogo
Blennerhasset and Kirkland ( - 1974 )
Blindbothel ( - 1974 )
Blindcrake Isel and Redmaine ( - 1934 )
Bootle ( - 1974 )
Borrowdale ( - 1974 )
Bothel and Threapland ( - 1974 )
Bowness on Solway ( - 1974 )
Brackenthwaite ( - 1974 )
Bridekirk ( - 1974 )
Briery Cottages ( - 1894 )
Brigham ( - 1974 )
Bromfield ( - 1974 )
Buttermere ( - 1974 )
Carlisle St. Mary ( - 1866 )
Carlisle ( - 1974 )
Castlerigg St. John's and Wythburn ( - 1974 )
Cleator Moor ( - 1974 )
Cloffocks ( - 1934 )
Cockermouth ( - 1974 )
Corney ( - 1974 )
Crookdake
Crosthwaite
Cummersdale ( - 1974 )
Dean ( - 1974 )
Distington ( - 1974 )
Drigg and Carleton ( - 1974 )
Dundraw
Eaglesfield ( - 1974 )
Egremont ( - 1974 )
Embleton ( - 1974 )
Ennerdale and Kinniside ( 1866 - 1974 )
Eskdale and Wasdale ( - 1934 )
Gamblesby
Gosforth ( - 1974 )
Great Clifton ( - 1974 )
Greysouthen ( - 1974 )
High Ireby ( - 1934 )
Holme Abbey
Holme St. Cuthbert ( - 1974 )
Isel Old Park ( - 1934 )
Kelsick
Kirkandrews upon Eden ( - 1974 )
Kirkandrews upon Esk ( - 1974 )
Kirkland and Blencarn ( - 1974 )
Langrigg
Low Ireby ( - 1934 )
Low Keekle ( - 1881 )
Mealrigg
Millom Without ( - 1974 )
Moor Row
Scales
Torpenhow and Whitrigg
Westnewton and Allonby ( - 1974 )
Westnewton
Wheyrigg
Whitehaven ( - 1973 )
Workington ( - 1974 )
Diocese
Diocese of Carlisle
Extra parochial area
Briery Cottages ( - 1894 )
Cloffocks ( - 1934 )
Low Keekle ( - 1881 )
Former administrative division
Allerdale above Derwent Ward
Allerdale below Derwent Ward
Cumberland Ward/Wapentake
Eskdale Ward/Wapentake
Leath Ward/Wapentake
Inhabited place
Abbeytown
Aikton
Ainstable
Bewcastle
Burgh by Sands
Caldewgate ( - 1974 )
Croglin
Dacre
Edenhall ( - 1974 )
Flimby
Frizington
Great Salkeld
Greystoke
Harrington
Haverigg
Ivegill
Keswick
Kirkbride
Kirklinton
Kirkoswald
Lanercost
Longtown
Maryport
Melmerby
Millom
Moresby
Nenthead
Newton Arlosh
Parton
Plumpton Wall ( - 1974 )
Ravenglass
Scotby
Seascale
Seaton
Silloth
Skelton
St. Bees
Stanwix
Tallentire
Threlkeld
Thursby
Torpenhow ( - 1974 )
Uldale
Wasdale Head
Westward ( - 1974 )
Whicham
Wigton
Workington Hall
Parish
Dearham
Parish (ancient)
Addingham
Alston with Garrigill ( - 1974 )
Arlecdon and Frizington ( - 1974 )
Aspatria ( - 1974 )
Bassenthwaite ( - 1974 )
Beckermet St. Bridget ( - 1974 )
Bolton ( - 1974 )
Bootle ( - 1974 )
Bowness on Solway ( - 1974 )
Bridekirk ( - 1974 )
Brigham ( - 1974 )
Bromfield ( - 1974 )
Carlisle St. Mary ( - 1866 )
Cleator Moor ( - 1974 )
Corney ( - 1974 )
Crosthwaite
Cummersdale ( - 1974 )
Dean ( - 1974 )
Distington ( - 1974 )
Drigg and Carleton ( - 1974 )
Egremont ( - 1974 )
Gosforth ( - 1974 )
Holme Cultram ( - 1974 )
Isel
Kirkandrews upon Eden ( - 1974 )
Kirkandrews upon Esk ( - 1974 )
Workington ( - 1974 )
Registration district
Alston Registration District ( 1837 - 1974 )
Bootle Registration District ( 1837 - 1939 )
Border Registration District ( 1937 - 1974 )
Brampton Registration District ( 1837 - 1937 )
Carlisle Registration District ( 1837 - 1934 )
Cockermouth Registration District ( 1837 - 1974 )
Longtown Registration District ( 1837 - 1939 )
Millom Registration District ( 1939 - 1974 )
Penrith Registration District ( 1837 - 1974 )
Whitehaven Registration District ( 1837 - 1974 )
Wigton Registration District ( 1837 - 1974 )
Rural district
Alston with Garrigill Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Bootle Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Border Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Brampton Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Carlisle Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Cockermouth Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Ennerdale Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Longtown Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Millom Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Penrith Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Whitehaven Rural ( 1894 - 1934 )
Wigton Rural ( 1894 - 1974 )
Township
Above Derwent ( - 1974 )
Addingham
Allonby
Aspatria and Brayton ( - 1934 )
Bewaldeth and Snittlegarth ( - 1974 )
Birker and Austhwaite ( - 1934 )
Blencogo
Blennerhasset and Kirkland ( - 1974 )
Blindbothel ( - 1974 )
Blindcrake Isel and Redmaine ( - 1934 )
Bothel and Threapland ( - 1974 )
Brackenthwaite ( - 1974 )
Bromfield ( - 1974 )
Castlerigg St. John's and Wythburn ( - 1974 )
Crookdake
Dundraw
Eaglesfield ( - 1974 )
Gamblesby
Great Clifton ( - 1974 )
Greysouthen ( - 1974 )
High Ireby ( - 1934 )
Holme Abbey
Holme St. Cuthbert ( - 1974 )
Isel Old Park ( - 1934 )
Kelsick
Kirkland and Blencarn ( - 1974 )
Langrigg
Low Ireby ( - 1934 )
Mealrigg
Moor Row
Scales
Torpenhow and Whitrigg
Westnewton
Wheyrigg
Unknown
Arlecdon
Armathwaite
Arthuret
Askerton
Bampton Kirk
Beaumont
Beckermet St. John ( - 1974 )
Beckfoot
Bellbank
Berrier and Murrah
Blackford
Blindcrake
Bowscale
Brampton
Brayton
Bridgefoot
Brocklebank
Burtholme
Caldbeck
Camerton
Carlatton
Castle Carrock
Castle Sowerby
Catterlen
Cleator
Crosby upon Eden
Crosscanonby
Crosthwaite and Lyth
Culgaith
Cumrew
Cumwhitton
Dalston
Dovenby
Dundraw and Kelsick
Eaglesfield Abbey
Easby
Ellenborough and Ewanrigg
Ennerdale
Eskdale
Farlam
Faugh and Fenton
Geltsdale Forest
Gilcrux
Gilsland
Glassonby
Great Broughton
Great Orton
Greta Mills and Briery Cottages
Greystone
Grinsdale
Haile
Hayton and Mealo
Hayton
Hensingham
Hesket Newmarket
Hesket in the Forest
Hethersgill
Holborn Hill
Holme East Waver
Holme Eden
Holme St. Paul
Houghton
Hunsonby and Winskil
Hutton John
Hutton Roof
Hutton Soil
Hutton in the Forest
Ireby
Irthington
Irton
Isell Old Park
Isell
Johnby
Kingmoor
Kingwater
Kinniside
Kirkandrews Middle Quarter
Kirkandrews Moat Quarter
Kirkandrews Nether Quarter
Kirkland
Kirklinton Middle
Lamplugh
Langrigg and Mealrigg
Langwathby
Laversdale
Lazonby
Linstock
Little Blencow
Little Broughton
Little Clifton
Little Salkeld
Lorton
Low Holme
Loweswater
Lowside Quarter
Matterdale
Maughenby
Melthwaite
Middlesceugh with Braithwaite
Midgeholm
Mockerkin
Moorhouse
Mosedale
Mosser
Motherby and Gill
Muncaster
Mungrisdale
Naworth
Nether Denton
Nether Wasdale
Netherhall
Newbiggin
Newton Reigny
Newtown
Nichol Forest
Orton
Oughterside and Allerby
Oulton
Ousby
Over Denton
Papcastle
Pardshaw
Parkhead
Penrith
Penruddock
Plumbland
Ponsonby
Portingscale
Preston Quarter
Raughton Head
Renwick
Ribton
Rickergate
Rockcliff
Rosley
Rottington
Salter and Eskett
Sandwith
Santon
Scaleby
Sebergham
Setmurthy
Siddick
Skiddaw
Skirwith
Solport
Sosgill
Soulby
Staffield
Stainburn
Stapleton
Stoneraise
Sunderland
Talkin
Thwaites
Trough
Tynehead
Ulpha
Underskiddaw
Upper Denton
Upperby
Waberthwaite
Walton
Warwick
Waterhead
Watermillock
Waverton
Weddiker
West Seaton
Westfield
Westlinton
Wetheral
Whinfell
Whitbeck
Whitrigg
Winscales
Woodside Quarter
Woodside
Wreay
Wythop
Urban district
Arlecdon and Frizington UD ( 1894 - 1934 )
Aspatria UD ( 1894 - 1934 )
Cleator Moor UD ( 1894 - 1934 )
Cockermouth UD ( 1894 - 1974 )
Egremont UD ( 1894 - 1934 )
Harrington UD ( 1894 - 1934 )
Holme Cultram UD ( 1894 - 1934 )
Keswick UD ( 1894 - 1974 )
Maryport UD ( 1894 - 1974 )
Millom UD ( 1894 - 1934 )
Penrith UD ( 1894 - 1974 )
Wigton UD ( 1894 - 1934 )
source: Family History Library Catalog


Cumberland is one of the historic counties of England that existed from the 12th century until it was abolished for administrative purposes in 1974, with its territory merging with the neighbouring county of Westmorland, the northern part of Lancashire and a small portion of the West Riding of Yorkshire to form the modern administrative county of Cumbria.

Contents

Early History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The first record of the term "Cumberland" appears in 945, when the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle recorded that the area was ceded to Malcolm I by King Edmund of England. As with , the native Welsh name for Wales, the names Cumberland and Cumbria are derived from *kombroges in Common Brittonic, which originally meant "compatriots". At the time of the Domesday Book in 1086 most of the future county remained part of Scotland although some villages in the ancient district of Millom, which were the possessions of the Earl of Northumbria, were included in the Yorkshire section with the Furness region.

In 1092 King William Rufus of England invaded the Carlisle district, settling it with colonists. He created an Earldom of Carlisle, and granted the territory to Ranulf Meschyn. In 1133 Carlisle was made the see of a new diocese, largely identical with the area of the earldom. However, on the death of King Henry I in 1135, the area was regained by Scotland's King David I. He was able to consolidate his power and made Carlisle one of his chief seats of government, while England descended into a lengthy civil war. In 1157 Henry II of England resumed possession of the area from Malcolm IV of Scots, and formed two new counties from the former earldom: Westmorland and "Carliol" although Westmorland also included areas the former Honour or Earldom of Lancaster. The lead and silver-mining area of Alston, previously associated with the Liberty of Tynedale was later also added to the new county of Carliol for financial reasons. By 1177 the county of Carliol was known as Cumberland. The border between England and Scotland was made permanent by the Treaty of York in 1237.

Further Social and Economic History

The Wikipedia article Cumbria provides more information on the history of Cumberland (and Westmorland) from the 12th to the 20th century.

Internal Boundaries and Subdivisions

The Wikipedia article Cumberland includes

  • a discussion of boundaries and subdivisions used from the 12th century until the 19th
  • local government changes in the 19th century, including poor law and municipal reform (1830s), local boards and sanitary districts (1848 and 1875), and the local government acts of 1888 and 1894 (see also Cumberland County Council)
  • reform of government in the 20th century, ending with discussion of the 1974 act which merged Cumberland with Westmorland and parts of Lancashire and Yorkshire. (see also Cumbria where there are maps of the county)

Research Tips


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Cumberland. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.