Person:Roger Bigod, 2nd Earl of Norfolk (1)

Roger Bigod, 2nd Earl of Norfolk abt 1144 and 1150 North Norfolk, Norfolk, England
Facts and Events
Name Roger Bigod, 2nd Earl of Norfolk
Alt Name Roger le Bigod
Gender Male
Birth[1] bet abt 1144 and 1150 North Norfolk, Norfolk, England
Alt Marriage ABT JAN 1163/64 Surrey, Englandto Ida de Toeni
Other Marriage Ending Status Divorce
with Ida de Toeni
Marriage BEF 1178 to Ida de Toeni
Other? 1215 One Of The 25 Sureties Of Magna Carta.
Reference Number? Q3438704?
Death[1] bef 2 Aug 1221 Thetford, Norfolk, England
Burial? Thetford, Suffolk, England

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Roger Bigod ( – 1221) was the son of Hugh Bigod, 1st Earl of Norfolk and his first wife, Juliana de Vere. Although his father died 1176 or 1177, Roger did not succeed to the earldom of Norfolk until 1189 for his claim had been disputed by his stepmother for her sons by Earl Hugh in the reign of Henry II. Richard I confirmed him in his earldom and other honours, and also sent him as an ambassador to France in the same year. Roger inherited his father's office as royal steward. He took part in the negotiations for the release of Richard from prison, and after the king's return to England became a justiciar.

During the Revolt of 1173–74, Roger remained loyal to the king while his father sided with the king's rebellious sons. Roger fought at the Battle of Fornham on 17 October 1173, where the royalist force defeated a rebel force led by Robert de Beaumont, 3rd Earl of Leicester.

In most of the years of the reign of King John, the earl was frequently with the king or on royal business. Yet Roger was to be one of the leaders of the baronial party which obtained John's assent to Magna Carta, and his name and that of his son and heir Hugh II appear among the twenty-five barons who were to ensure the king's adherence to the terms of that document. The pair were excommunicated by the pope in December 1215, and did not make peace with the regents of John's son Henry III until 1217.

Around Christmas 1181, Roger married Ida, apparently Ida de Tosny (or Ida de Toesny), and by her had a number of children including:

  1. Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk who married in 1206/ 1207, Maud, a daughter of William Marshal
  2. William Bigod
  3. Ralph Bigod
  4. Roger Bigod
  5. Margery, married William de Hastings
  6. Mary Bigod, married Ralph fitz Robert

Many historians, including Marc Morris have speculated that the couple had a third daughter, Alice, who married Aubrey de Vere IV, Earl of Oxford as his second wife. If so, the marriage would have been well within the bounds of consanguinity, for the couple would have been quite closely related, a daughter of the second earl of Norfolk being first cousin once removed to the second earl of Oxford.

Arms: Or, a cross gules. Roger le Bigod the Surety, Earl of Norfolk and Suffolk was 15th in descent from Sveide the Viking. He had two wives, Ida de Thouy and Isabella de Warenne.

He made a gift to Dodnash Priory of a tenement and land at East Bergholt, a holding perhaps of Countess Ida's, whose possible mother Ida of Hainault received it from King Henry I, between 1189 and 1221 in Suffolk, England. He reconstituted Earl of Norfolk, and steward of the household, and at the same time obtained restitution of some manors, with grants of others, and confirmation of all his widespread demesnes, in a charter on 27 November 1189 in 1 Richard I, Westminster, England. He was was a Surety Baron for the Magna Carta, at Runnymede on 15 June 1215.

Sources for the above (or generally):

  • Magna Charta: The Barons and King John, online
  • John S. Wurts, Magna Charta (P.O. Box 4933, Philadelphia, PA: Brookfield Publishing Company, 1954).
  • Douglas Richardson (e-mail address), Countess Ida Bigod - A Search for Answers in "Countess Ida Bigod - A Search for Answers", newsgroup message to soc.genealogy.medieval, 2002-04-06 13:07:36 PST. Hereinafter cited as Countess Ida Bigod.
  • C.B., LL.D., Ulster King of Arms Sir Bernard Burke, compiler, A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1996), pg. 53.
  • NEHGR, 10 (1856): 262, presumably this information came from an unpublished Bigod charter seen while researching in England (cited by Richardson)
  • Dodnash Priory Charters, pp. 73-74 (cited by Richardson)
  • The English Peerage (to 1790) or, a view of the Ancient and Present State of the English Nobility (genuki: UK & Ireland Genealogical Information Service, 1790).
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  1. 1.0 1.1 Roger Bigod, 2nd Earl of Norfolk, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2.   Eng V Suss 10 v 2 p. 128, 117.
  3.   Eng 116 p. 118.
  4.   Magna Charta Barons Eng, 138 pt 2 p. 44 A1C 20 p. 287.
  5.   Roger le Bigod, 2nd Earl of Norfolk, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  6.   ROGER Bigod (-1221 before 2 Aug)., in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
  7.   French, George Russell. Shakspeareana genealogica. (London: Macmillan, 1869), Vol. 1 p. 9.

    He appears in Shakespeare's King John.