Person:Philip II of Spain (1)

Felipe II , de España
  1. Felipe II , de España1527 - 1598
  2. Maria , of Austria, Holy Roman Empress1528 - 1603
  3. Archduchess Joanna of Austria1535 - 1573
  1. Ferdinand , Prince of Asturias1571 - 1578
  2. Diego , Prince of Asturias1575 - 1582
  3. Philip III of Spain1578 - 1621
m. 1554
m. 2 Feb 1560
  1. Infanta Isabella Clara Eugenia of Spain1566 - 1633
  2. Infanta Catherine Michelle of Spain1567 - 1597
  1. Carlos , Prince of Asturias1545 - 1568
Facts and Events
Name Felipe II , de España
Gender Male
Birth[1][2] 21 May 1527 Valladolid, Castilla y León, SpainHouse of Habsburg
Marriage 1554 to Queen Mary of England
Marriage 2 Feb 1560 Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Castilla-La Mancha, Spainto Élisabeth de France
Death[1][2] 13 Sep 1598 El Escorial, Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Reference Number? Q34417?

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Philip II ( «el Prudente»; 21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598) was King of Spain from 1556 and of Portugal from 1581 (as Philip I, Felipe I). From 1554 he was King of Naples and Sicily as well as Duke of Milan. During his marriage to Queen Mary I (1554–58), he was also King of England and Ireland. From 1555, he was lord of the Seventeen Provinces of the Netherlands. Known in Spanish as "Philip the Prudent" (Felipe el Prudente), his empire included territories on every continent then known to Europeans, including his namesake the Philippine Islands. During his reign, Spain reached the height of its influence and power. This is sometimes called the Golden Age. The expression "The empire on which the sun never sets" was coined during Philip's time to reflect the extent of his possessions.

During Philip's reign there were separate state bankruptcies in 1557, 1560, 1569, 1575, and 1596. This was partly the cause for the declaration of independence which created the Dutch Republic in 1581. A devout Catholic, Philip is also known for organising a huge naval expedition against Protestant England in 1588, known usually as the Spanish Armada, which was unsuccessful, mostly due to storms and grave logistical problems.

Philip was described by the Venetian ambassador Paolo Fagolo in 1563 as "slight of stature and round-faced, with pale blue eyes, somewhat prominent lip, and pink skin, but his overall appearance is very attractive." The Ambassador went on to say "He dresses very tastefully, and everything that he does is courteous and gracious."

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Philip II of Spain, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Felipe II von Habsburg, Rey de España, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.