Person:Marie Antoinette (1)

Erzherzogin Marie Antoinette von Österreich
d.16 Oct 1793 Paris, France
Facts and Events
Name Erzherzogin Marie Antoinette von Österreich
Alt Name Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna _____
Gender Female
Birth[3][4] 2 Nov 1755 Vienna, Wien, AustriaHofburg Palace Vienna
Marriage 16 May 1770 Paris, FrancePalace of Versailles
to Louis XVI of France
Death[3][4] 16 Oct 1793 Paris, FranceConciergerie Prison Paris
Reference Number? Q47365?


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Marie Antoinette (; ; born Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna; 2 November 1755 – 16 October 1793) was the last Queen of France before the French Revolution. She was born an Archduchess of Austria and was the penultimate child and youngest daughter of Empress Maria Theresa and Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor. She became Dauphine of France in May 1770 at age 14 upon her marriage to Louis-Auguste, heir apparent to the French throne. On 10 May 1774, her husband ascended the throne as Louis XVI and she assumed the title Queen of France and Navarre, which she held until September 1791, when she became Queen of the French as the French Revolution proceeded, a title that she held until 21 September 1792.

After eight years of marriage, Marie Antoinette gave birth to Marie Thérèse, the first of her four children. A growing percentage of the population came to dislike her, accusing her of being profligate and promiscuous and of harboring sympathies for France's enemies, particularly her native Austria. The Affair of the Diamond Necklace damaged her reputation further. During the Revolution, she became known as Madame Déficit because the country's financial crisis was blamed on her lavish spending and her opposition to the social and financial reforms of Turgot and Necker.

Several events were linked to Marie Antoinette during the Revolution after the government had placed the royal family under house arrest in the Tuileries Palace in October 1789. The June 1791 attempted flight to Varennes and her role in the War of the First Coalition had disastrous effects on French popular opinion. On 10 August 1792, the attack on the Tuileries forced the royal family to take refuge at the Assembly, and they were imprisoned in the Temple Prison on 13 August. On 21 September 1792, the monarchy was abolished. Her trial began on 14 October 1793, and two days later Marie Antoinette was convicted by the Revolutionary Tribunal of high treason and executed by guillotine on the Place de la Révolution.

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References
  1.   Marie Antoinette, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2.   Marie Antoinette Erzherzogin von Österreich, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  3. 3.0 3.1 ethlefs, Silvia, „Marie Antoinette, Erzherzogin von Österreich“, in Neue Deutsche Biographie. (Berlin: Duncker und Humblot, c1953-)
    16 (1990), S. 183-185.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Wurzbach, Constantin. Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich: enthaltend die Lebenskizzen der denkwürdigen Personen, welche 1750 bis 1850 im Kaiserstaate und in Kronländer gelebt haben. (Wien: K.K. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, 1856-1891)
    7:30 f..