Person:Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor (1)

Leopold I. _____, Kaiser des Heiligen Römischen Reiches
m. 20 Feb 1631
  1. Ferdinand IV _____, Holy Roman Emperor1633 - 1654
  2. Maria Anna von Österreich1634 - 1696
  3. Philip August von Österreich1637 - 1639
  4. Maximilian Thomas von Österreich1638 - 1639
  5. Leopold I. _____, Kaiser des Heiligen Römischen Reiches1640 - 1705
  6. Maria von Österreich1646 - 1646
m. 1666
  1. Ferdinand Wenzel von Österreich1667 - 1668
  2. Maria Antonia von Österreich1669 - 1692
  3. Johann Leopod von Österreich - 1670
  4. Maria Anna Antonie von Österreich - 1672
m. 15 Oct 1673
  1. Anna Maria Sophie von Österreich - 1674
  2. Maria Josefa Klementine von Österreich - Bet 1675 & 1676
Facts and Events
Name Leopold I. _____, Kaiser des Heiligen Römischen Reiches
Gender Male
Birth[1][2] 9 Jun 1640 Vienna, Wien, AustriaHouse of Habsburg
Marriage 1666 to Margaret Theresa of Spain
Marriage 15 Oct 1673 Graz, Steiermark, Austriato Claudia Felizitas von Österreich-Tirol
Marriage 14 Dec 1676 Passau, Passau, Niederbayern, Bayern, Germanyto Eleonore Magdalene von Pfalz-Neuburg
Death[1][2] 5 May 1705 Vienna, Wien, Austria
Burial[2] Vienna, Wien, AustriaKapuzinergruft. (katholisch)
Reference Number? Q150494?


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Leopold I (full name: Leopold Ignaz Joseph Balthasar Felician; ; 9 June 1640 – 5 May 1705) was Holy Roman Emperor, King of Hungary, Croatia, and Bohemia. The second son of Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor, by his first wife, Maria Anna of Spain, Leopold became heir apparent in 1654 by the death of his elder brother Ferdinand IV. Elected in 1658, Leopold ruled the Holy Roman Empire until his death in 1705, becoming the longest-ruling Habsburg emperor (at 46 years and 9 months).

Leopold's reign is known for conflicts with the Ottoman Empire in the east and rivalry with Louis XIV, a contemporary and first cousin, in the west. After more than a decade of warfare, Leopold emerged victorious from the Great Turkish War thanks to the military talents of Prince Eugene of Savoy. By the Treaty of Karlowitz, Leopold recovered almost all of the Kingdom of Hungary, which had fallen under Turkish power in the years after the 1526 Battle of Mohács.

Leopold fought three wars against France: the Franco-Dutch War, the Nine Years' War, and the War of the Spanish Succession. In this last, Leopold sought to give his younger son the entire Spanish inheritance, disregarding the will of the late Charles II. Leopold started a war that soon engulfed much of Europe. The early years of the war went fairly well for Austria, with victories at Schellenberg and Blenheim, but the war would drag on until 1714, nine years after Leopold's death, which barely had an effect on the warring nations. When peace returned, Austria could not be said to have emerged as triumphant as it had from the war against the Turks.

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References
  1. 1.0 1.1 Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Press, Volker, „Leopold I.“, in Neue Deutsche Biographie. (Berlin: Duncker und Humblot, c1953-)
    14 (1985), S. 256-260.
Succession of Holy Roman Emperors
Ferdinand II

1619-1637
his grandfather

Ferdinand III

1637-1657
his father

Holy Roman Emperor-Elect

1658-1705

Joseph I

1705-1711
his son

Charles VI

1711-1740
his son

Succession of Hungarian Monarchs
Ferdinand III

1625-1657
his father

Ferdinand IV

1647-1654
(Nominal during father's reign)
his brother

King of Royal Hungary

1655-1705

Joseph I

1687-1711
his son

Charles III

1711-1740
his son

Hungary was effectively split into three parts from 1563-1699: Royal Hungary in the north and west, Ottoman Hungary in the south, and the Principality of Transylvania in the east. They were united following the Great Turkish War under Leopold I in 1699.
Succession of Bohemian Monarchs
Ferdinand III

1627-1657
his father

Ferdinand IV

1646-1654
(Nominal during father's reign)
his brother

King of Bohemia

1657-1705

Joseph I

1705-1711
his son

Charles VI

1711-1740
his son

Succession of German Monarchs
Ferdinand III

1636-1657
his father

Ferdinand IV

1653-1654
his brother

King of the Romans

1658-1705

Joseph I

1690-1711
his son

Charles VI

1711-1740
his son