Person:John Marshall (112)

Facts and Events
Name John Marshall
Gender Male
Birth[1][2] 24 Sep 1755 Licking Run, Fauquier Co., Virginia
Marriage 3 JAN 1783 Yorktown, York Co., VirginiaUnknown
to Mary Willis Ambler
Death[1] 6 Jul 1835 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Reference Number? Q310829?
Burial? Shockoe Hill Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia, United States

Chief Justice John Marshall

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

John Marshall (September 24, 1755July 6, 1835) was the fourth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (1801–1835). His court opinions helped lay the basis for United States constitutional law and made the Supreme Court of the United States a coequal branch of government along with the legislative and executive branches. Previously, Marshall had been a leader of the Federalist Party in Virginia and served in the United States House of Representatives from 1799 to 1800. He was Secretary of State under President John Adams from 1800 to 1801.

The longest-serving Chief Justice and the fourth longest-serving justice in U.S. Supreme Court history, Marshall dominated the Court for over three decades and played a significant role in the development of the American legal system. Most notably, he reinforced the principle that federal courts are obligated to exercise judicial review, by disregarding purported laws if they violate the constitution. Thus, Marshall cemented the position of the American judiciary as an independent and influential branch of government. Furthermore, Marshall's court made several important decisions relating to federalism, affecting the balance of power between the federal government and the states during the early years of the republic. In particular, he repeatedly confirmed the supremacy of federal law over state law, and supported an expansive reading of the enumerated powers.

Some of his decisions were unpopular. Nevertheless, Marshall built up the third branch of the federal government, and augmented federal power in the name of the Constitution, and the rule of law. Marshall, along with Daniel Webster (who argued some of the cases), was the leading Federalist of the day, pursuing Federalist Party approaches to build a stronger federal government over the opposition of the Jeffersonian Republicans, who wanted stronger state governments.

John Marshall's Family Bible

The family bible of John Marshall is located at the William & Mary Law Library, in Williamsburg, Virginia [2]:

As with many family Bibles, the Marshall Bible contains a listing of the members of the Marshall household. Seen here at the beginning of the New Testament, this page has revealed family records previously unknown to historians. The first three lines record the births of John Marshall on Sep. 24, 1755 and Mary Willis Ambler ("Polly") on March 18, 1766, as well as their marriage on Jan. 3, 1783. A charming story of Marshall's courting of Polly is handed down by her older sister, Eliza. It relates how Marshall wooed his future wife with undying zeal over a period of several months.
John and Mary Willis Marshall bore ten children. Two, Mary Ann Marshall (b. Nov. 24, 1789, d. Aug. 1, 1792) and John James Marshall (b. Feb. 13, 1792, d. Jun. 10, 1792) died in infancy, exacerbating Polly's lifelong frail health and temperament. Compunded with this were the shenanigans of John and James K. Marshall (b. Jan. 13, 1798 and Feb. 13, 1800, respectively), who were both expelled from Cambridge because of their rebellious and immoral demeanors. Both were reckless and incurred great debt during their lives, eventually settling down as farmers after squandering the benefits of a prominent family's name and legacy.
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  1. 1.0 1.1 John Marshall, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2. Family Bible of John Marshall, [1].