Person:James Stewart (276)

James H. Stewart
b.Oct 1833 North Carolina
  • HJames H. Stewart1833 - Bet 1900 & 1910
  • WMary Ann ChristopherBet 1837 & 1839 - Bet 1872 & 1877
m. 07 Sep 1860
  1. James Stewart1859 - Bet 1860 & 1870
  2. Charles N. Stewart1861 - 1924
  3. Marion H. Stewart1867 - Aft 1910
  4. Francis Ellsworth Stewart1869 - 1941
  5. Sarah Stewart1872 - Aft 1880
Facts and Events
Name James H. Stewart
Gender Male
Birth? Oct 1833 North Carolinaor born in Indiana, U.S.
Census[1] 1850 Otter Creek , Vigo, Indiana, United StatesLived with his parents outside Terre Haute in community with many other members from North Carolina
Census[2] 1860 Otter Creek,Vigo, Indiana, United StatesLived with parents outside of Terre Haute
Marriage 07 Sep 1860 Edgar, Illinois, United Statesto Mary Ann Christopher
Military[3][4][5] Jun 1863-Aug 1865 Served in the 55th Reg't Massachuttes Infantry (Colored) Co. H.
Census[6] 1870 Camargo, Douglas, IllinoisLiving near in-laws just outside the Village
Census[7] 1880 Camargo, Douglas, IllinoisLived ouside Village with 2nd wife and children
Death? 1900-1910 Sterling, Rice, Kansas, United States

James may be a member of the Nansemond Indians[1] from the area of Brunswick County, Virginia and Wake County, North Carolina. He is first recorded in the 1850 census living with his parents in Nevins Township of Vigo County, Indiana which is part of a known community of Nansemond. Many of his neighbors were leaders of this tribe such as the Bass, Evans, Chavis, Powel, Roberts, Scott, and Walden families. This community had ties to the people in Brushy Fork through intermarriage over many years. (See Citation S8 for his father's father.)

James probably fathered a child with Mary in 1859 before they were formally married, as there is a James Stewart living in the Brushy Fork community though not enumerated with Mary (but this census seems to have the Brushy Fork households in some disarray). Mary Redden probably married James around 1860 and gave him three more boys and a girl before she died between 1870 and 1877. The youngest child, Sarah, was living with her grandparents, Sim & Harriet Wilmot in 1880.

After Mary's death, James turned to the Vigo County community to find his new wife, though they married in Douglas County. She was 15 years his junior. A large segment of the Brushy Fork community moved to Kansas in the 1880s and it appears that James and his family joined them. They settled in Sterling Township, Rice County.

James joined several other men from the Brushy Fork community to travel to Mass. to enlist in the Union Army in 1863. They were part of the 55th Mass. Colored Regiment. [2] He was discharged at the end of August 1865.

  1. Vigo, Indiana, United States. 1850 U.S. Census Population Schedule. (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration Publication M432)
    9 Nov 1850.

    James H. Stuart age 14 mulatto b. IN listed with his parents, Tazwell & Delany Stuart in Nevins Township, House 1011 Family 101 with five siblings. See family page for details.

  2. Vigo, Indiana, United States. 1860 U.S. Census Population Schedule. (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration Publication M693)
    p. 141, 17 Aug 1860.

    James H. age 23 mulatto b. NC is listed with his mother, Delany Stuart, and four siblings in House 1350 Family 1309 in Nevins Township, P. O. Terre Haute. See family page for details.

  3. United States. U.S., Colored Troops Military Service Records, 1861-1865
    NARA 818.

    S 55 (Col'd.) Mass James H. Stewart, Co. H, 55 Reg't Mass. Inf. (Col'd) Appears on Company Descriptive Book of the organization named above.
    Description: Age 24 years height 5 feet 8 inches Complexion Dark Eyes; Grey hair Brown Where born Independence, ILL Occupation Farmer.
    Enlistment: When June 15, 1863. Where Readville By whom Lt. Nussinger term 3 y'rs. Remarks: Promoted Corpl May 26th, 1865 Genl Order No. 84 R. H. Ira Vice Lee/Reduced to the ranks. Mary Ann Stewart Bushy Fork Douglass Co. Ill. E. H. Hunter copyist.

  4. United States. U.S., Colored Troops Military Service Records, 1861-1865
    NARA 1540.

    S 55 Mass. James H. Stewart Pvt, Co. H, 55 Reg't Mass. Col'd Inf Corp appears on Returns as follows Febry 1864 Absent sick as Folly Da SC (?)/ Mar. + Aprl 1864 les. Cook./ July 1865 absent on furlough 30 days (Corpl) A. H. Elliott copyist.

  5. United States. U.S. Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles.

    Name: James H Stewart
    Residence: Independence, Indiana
    Occupation: Farmer
    Age at enlistment: 24
    Enlistment Date: 15 Jun 1863
    Rank at enlistment: Private
    State Served: Massachusetts
    Survived the War?: Yes
    Service Record: Enlisted in Company H, Massachusetts 55th Infantry Regiment on 22 Jun 1863.
    Promoted to Full Corporal.
    Mustered out on 29 Aug 1865 at Charleston, SC.
    Birth Date: abt 1839
    Sources: Massachusetts Soldiers, Sailors and Marines in the Civil War

    Source Information:
    Historical Data Systems, comp.. U.S. Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2009.
    Original data: Data compiled by Historical Data Systems of Kingston, MA.

  6. Douglas, Illinois, United States. 1870 U.S. Census Population Schedule
    p. 29, 11 Aug 1870.

    Living with wife M. A. and three boys in House 205 Family 205 in Camargo Township P. O. Camargo. The family is listed as white, but they are living among black and mulatto families including his in-laws.

  7. Douglas, Illinois, United States. 1880 U.S. Census Population Schedule
    p. 32, 22 Jun 1880.

    Living with new wife, Sarah M., and three boys and one girl in House 254 Family 265 in Camargo Township.

  8.   Stewart Family, in Heinegg, Paul. Free African Americans of North Carolina, Virginia and South Carolina: from the colonial period to about 1820. (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Pub. Co., c2001), 31 Oct 2010.

    20. James2 Stewart, born say 1750, was living in Brunswick County, Virginia, on 11 January 1774 when he and Littleberry Pompey of Sussex County purchased 270 acres in Meherrin Parish, to be equally divided between them as if two separate deeds had been made. He purchased 50 acres on the north side of the Maherrin River in Brunswick County adjoining Richard Branscomb and Thomas Evans on 23 November 1778 [DB 11:251-3; 13:280]. He was taxable in Meherrin Parish, Brunswick County, from 1782 to 1796 [PPTL 1782-98, frames 19, 206, 271, 325, 401, 497, 543]. On 26 January 1778 he and Littleberry Pompey and wife Nanny Pompey (James's sister?) sold 135 acres in Meherrin Parish, Brunswick County, adjoining Steward's Branch. And on 15 August 1792 James and his wife Sarah sold for 50 pounds 137 acres on Buckwater Creek in Meherrin Parish, Brunswick County, adjoining Dempsey Stewart's land [DB 13:45; 15:498]. He may have been the James Stewart who married Sally Evans, 2 May 1791 Warren County, North Carolina bond, Eaton Walden bondsman. James and his wife Sarah sued (his brother) William Stewart and his wife Keziah in Brunswick County on 23 November 1795, but the case was dismissed at the defendant's costs [Orders 1795-8, 1, 211]. He was head of a Wake County household of 6 "other free" in 1800 [NC:798]. By his Wake County will, proved in November 1824, he left his land to his children: Evans, Beedy (married James Walden), Mackey (married Joel Stuart), Tazewell, Dickson, Elijah, and Elisha [WB 19:130]. His children were
    i. Evans, married Milly Stuart, 15 November 1817 Wake County bond, Joel Stuart bondsman.
    ii. Beedy, married James Walden.
    iii. Mackey, married Joel Stuart, 2 January 1821 Wake County bond.
    iv. Tazewell.
    v. Dickson.
    vi. Elijah.
    vii. Elisha.