Person:Henry II of France (1)

Henri II _____, roi de France
b.31 Mar 1519
d.10 Jul 1559 Paris, Paris, France
m. 28 Oct 1533
  1. François II de France1544 - 1560
  2. Élisabeth de France1545 - 1568
  3. Claude de France1547 - 1575
  4. Louis de France1549 - 1550
  5. Charles IX de France1550 - 1574
  6. Henri III de France1551 - 1589
  7. Marguerite de Valois1553 - 1615
  8. François de France, duc d'Alençon1555 - 1584
  9. Victoire de France1556 - 1556
  10. Jeanne de France1556 - 1556
  • HHenri II _____, roi de France1519 - 1559
  • WFilippa Duci1520 - Bef 1586
  1. Diane de France1538 - 1619
  1. Henry de Valois1535 - 1590
  1. Henri de Saint-Rémi
Facts and Events
Name Henri II _____, roi de France
Gender Male
Alt Birth[3] 31 Mar 1518 Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Yvelines, France
Birth[1] 31 Mar 1519 House of Valois-Anjou
Marriage 28 Oct 1533 Marseille, Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône, FranceMarseille Cathedral
to Catherine de' Medici
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Filippa Duci
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Lady Janet Stewart
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Diane de Poitiers
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Nicole de Savigny
Death[1][3] 10 Jul 1559 Paris, Paris, FranceHôtel des Tournelles
Reference Number? Q132545?

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Henry II (; 31 March 1519 – 10 July 1559) was King of France from 31 March 1547 until his death in 1559. The second son of Francis I, he became Dauphin of France upon the death of his elder brother Francis III, Duke of Brittany, in 1536. Henry was the tenth king from the House of Valois, the third from the Valois-Orléans branch, and the second from the Valois-Orléans-Angoulême branch.

As a child, Henry and his elder brother spent over four years in captivity in Spain as hostages in exchange for their father. Henry pursued his father's policies in matter of arts, wars and religion. He persevered in the Italian Wars against the House of Habsburg and tried to suppress the Protestant Reformation, even as the Huguenot numbers were increasing drastically in France during his reign.

The Treaty of Cateau-Cambrésis (1559), which put an end to the Italian Wars, had mixed results: France renounced its claims to territories in Italy, but gained certain other territories, including the Pale of Calais and the Three Bishoprics. France failed to change the balance of power in Europe, as Spain remained the sole dominant power, but it did benefit from the division of the holdings of its ruler, Charles V, and from the weakening of the Holy Roman Empire, which Charles also ruled.

Henry suffered an untimely death in a jousting tournament held to celebrate the Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis at the conclusion of the Eighth Italian War. The king's surgeon, Ambroise Paré, was unable to cure the infected wound inflicted by Gabriel de Montgomery, the captain of his Scottish Guard. He was succeeded in turn by three of his sons, whose ineffective reigns helped to spark the French Wars of Religion between Protestants and Catholics.

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Henry II of France. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
  1. 1.0 1.1 Henry II of France, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2.   Henri II, Roi de France, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe
    [ 1:133-.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Anselme (de Sainte-Marie). Histoire généalogique de la maison royale de France, des pairs et grands officiers de la Couronne. (Paris: la Compagnie des Libraires, 1726-1733)