Person:George IV of the United Kingdom (1)

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George IV of the United Kingdom _____
Facts and Events
Name[1] George IV of the United Kingdom _____
Unknown[1] George Augustus Frederick _____
Alt Name[3] George the Fourth _____
Gender Male
Birth[1] 12 Aug 1762 St. James's Palace, London, Englandfirst of 15 children
Marriage to Caroline of Brunswick
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Mary Robinson
Marriage Cohabitation?
to Maria Fitzherbert
Death[2] 26 Jun 1830 Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England
Reference Number? Q130586?


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

George IV (George Augustus Frederick; 12 August 1762 – 26 June 1830) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover from the death of his father, King George III, on 29 January 1820 until his own death ten years later. He had already been serving as Prince Regent since 5 February 1811, during his father's final mental illness.

George IV was the eldest child of King George III and Queen Charlotte. He led an extravagant lifestyle that contributed to the fashions of the Regency era. He was a patron of new forms of leisure, style and taste. He commissioned John Nash to build the Royal Pavilion in Brighton and remodel Buckingham Palace, and commissioned Jeffry Wyatville to rebuild Windsor Castle. George's charm and culture earned him the title "the first gentleman of England", but his dissolute way of life and poor relationships with his parents and his wife, Caroline of Brunswick, earned him the contempt of the people and dimmed the prestige of the monarchy. He excluded Caroline from his coronation and asked the government to introduce the unpopular Pains and Penalties Bill in an unsuccessful attempt to divorce her.

Despite presiding over the British Empire's emergence as a global hegemon, his rule was tarnished by scandal and financial extravagance. His ministers found his behaviour selfish, unreliable and irresponsible, and he was strongly influenced by favourites. During most of George's regency and reign, Lord Liverpool controlled the government as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. Liverpool's government presided over Britain's ultimate victory over Napoleon and negotiated a peace settlement with the French. After Liverpool's retirement, George IV was forced to accept Catholic emancipation despite opposing it. His only legitimate child, Princess Charlotte, predeceased him in 1817, so he was succeeded by his younger brother, King William IV.

References
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Black, Jeremy. The Hanoverians: The History of a Dynasty. (Continuum International Publishing Group, 2007)
    pg. 153.
  2. Black, Jeremy. The Hanoverians: The History of a Dynasty. (Continuum International Publishing Group, 2007)
    pg. 908.
  3. Ashton, John. When William IV was King. (London, London, England|London: Chapman & Hall, 1896)
    pg. 2.
  4.   George IV of the United Kingdom, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  5.   Cokayne, George Edward, and Vicary Gibbs; et al. The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant [2nd ed.]. (London: St. Catherine Press, 1910-59)
    Volume 3 page 178.
Succession of Monarchs of the United Kingdom
George II

1727-1760
as King of Great Britain and Ireland
his great-grandfather

George III

1760-1820
(King of Great Britain and Ireland before 1801)
his father

King of the United Kingdom

1820-1830

William IV

1830-1837
his brother

Victoria

1837-1901
his niece

Congress of Vienna George III
1814-1820
King of Hanover
1820-1830
Ernest Augustus I
1837-1851
his brother



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