Person:Elizabeth Kempson (1)

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Elizabeth Kempson
m. 15 Apr 1867
  1. William George Kempson1867 - 1868
  2. Mary Ann Kempson1869 - 1870
  3. Frederick Kempson1871 - 1954
  4. Elizabeth Kempson1873 - 1961
  5. Clara Kempson1875 - 1960
  6. Ernest Kempson1877 - 1939
  7. Agnes Kempson1880 - 1976
  8. Bertie Kempson1882 - 1925
  9. Minnie Kempson1885 - 1896
  10. Sarah Kempson1887 - 1887
  11. Maud Kempson1889 - 1978
m. 25 Mar 1894
  1. Ralph Marshall1895 - 1917
  2. Stanley George Marshall1896 - 1970
  3. Stewart John Marshall1899 - 1966
  4. Elizabeth Cissie Marshall1901 - 1997
  5. George Marshall1904 - 1989
Facts and Events
Name Elizabeth Kempson
Gender Female
Birth[1] 10 Oct 1873 Luton, Bedfordshire, EnglandPark Lane
Census[2] 3 Apr 1881 Luton, Bedfordshire, EnglandPark Place
Census[3] 5 Apr 1891 Luton, Bedfordshire, England48 Chobham Street
Marriage 25 Mar 1894 Luton, Bedfordshire, EnglandSt Mary
to John Marshall
Census[4] 31 Mar 1901 Luton, Bedfordshire, England33 Albert Road
Census[5] 2 Apr 1911 Luton, Bedfordshire, England44 Cambridge Street
Census[6] 29 Sep 1939 Luton, Bedfordshire, England44 Cambridge Street
Death[7] 17 Jan 1961 Luton, Bedfordshire, England34 Rutland Crescent


Childhood

Elizabeth Kempson was born on 10th October 1873 at Park Lane in Luton, daughter of a plait bleacher and bricklayer named James Kempson and his wife Sarah Ann Smith. The family's surname was occasionally given as Kempster rather than Kempson, with Elizabeth's birth certificate being one such instance. Elizabeth was one of 12 children, although by the time of the 1911 census her mother Sarah reported that five of the twelve children had died.

Elizabeth's early childhood was spent at Park Lane (or Park Place), a narrow lane off Park Square, part of the original staggered crossroads at the centre of Luton. The town's market was held immediately west of Park Square on Market Hill, whilst the parish church of St Mary's was immediately east of Park Square on Church Street.

By the 1891 census the family had moved to the Park Town area, a Victorian suburb of modest terraced houses to the south of the town centre, where they were living at 48 Chobham Street. However, Elizabeth's father James was not at home on census night - he was in St Albans jail. What precisely he had done to be put in jail on that particular occasion is unclear, but he was many times convicted of poaching and related offences. Elizabeth was described in the 1891 census as a straw hat sewer.

Adulthood

Elizabeth and John on their Golden Wedding in 1944
Enlarge
Elizabeth and John on their Golden Wedding in 1944
Elizabeth married John Marshall on 25th March 1894 at St Mary's in Luton, aged 20. At the time of their marriage she was living on Essex Street. John lived nearby on Albert Road. After their marriage they moved around a bit to begin with, living at 25 Cowper Street in 1899 and 33 Albert Road in 1901, but by 1903 had settled at 44 Cambridge Street, which was to be Elizabeth's home for almost the rest of her life.[8] The family appear at 44 Cambridge Street in the 1911 census, when they were described as occupying five rooms. Elizabeth's parents were living just across the road on census night at 39 Cambridge Street. Elizabeth's father died at 39 Cambridge Street four years later in 1915.

John and Elizabeth had five children together. Their three elder sons are all believed to have served in the army during the First World War. Elizabeth's eldest son, Ralph, was killed in action in 1917, dying in France of wounds received at the Battle of Arras. Elizabeth's mother died just after the war in 1919.

Elizabeth's surviving four children were all married between 1919 and 1933, and she had five grandchildren born between 1920 and 1938. At the outbreak of the Second World War Elizabeth and John were recorded still living at 44 Cambridge Street.

Elizabeth at her daughter Cissie's house, c.1960
Enlarge
Elizabeth at her daughter Cissie's house, c.1960
John died in 1945, aged 74. Elizabeth outlived him by over fifteen years. She stayed at 44 Cambridge Street until just a year or two before her death.[9] She then went to live with her daughter Cissie at 34 Rutland Crescent, where she died on 17th January 1961 aged 87, having lived to see some of her great grandchildren.
References
  1. Birth certificate, in General Register Office. England and Wales Civil Registration. (London: General Register Office).

    1873. BIRTH in the Sub-district of Luton in the Counties of Beds and Herts
    No.482
    When and where born: Tenth October 1873, Park Lane, Luton, Beds
    Name: Elizabeth
    Sex: Girl
    Name and surname of father: James Kempster
    Name, surname and maiden surname of mother: Sarah Ann Kempster formerly Smith
    Occupation of father: Hat Blocker
    Signature, description and residence of informant: X the mark of Sarah Ann Kempster, Mother, Park Lane, Luton, Beds
    When registered: Twenty Second October 1873
    Signature of Registrar: Charles Maffin, Registrar

  2. General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA). 1881 Census Schedules for England and Wales, Isle of Man and the Channel Islands: . (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class RG11; Piece 1651; Folio 4; Page 2, 3 Apr 1881.

    Address: Park Place, Luton, Bedfordshire
    James Kempson, head, married, male, 32 [1848/9], Bleacher plait, b. Chalk Hill, Bedfordshire
    Sarah Kempson, wife, married, female, 33 [1847/8], b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Frederick Kempson, son, unmarried, male, 10 [1870/1], Scholar, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Elizabeth Kempson, daughter, female, 8 [1872/3], Scholar, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Clara Kempson, daughter, female, 6 [1874/5], Scholar, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Ernest Kempson, son, male, 4 [1876/7], Scholar, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Agnes Kempson, daughter, female, 1 [1879/80], b. Luton, Bedfordshire

  3. General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA). 1891 Census Schedules for England and Wales, Isle of Man and the Channel Islands. (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class RG12; Piece 1273; Folio 69; Page 13, 5 Apr 1891.

    Address: 48 Chobham Street, Luton, Bedfordshire
    5 or more rooms occupied
    Sarah Kempson, head, married, female, 42 [1848/9], b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Fred Kempson, son, single, male, 19 [1871/2], Straw Hat Packer, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Elizabeth Kempson, sister, single, female, 17 [1873/4], Straw Hat Sewer, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Clara Kempson, daugher, female, 15 [1875/6], Straw Hat Finisher, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Earnest Kempson, son, male, 14 [1876/7], Scholar, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Agnes Kempson, daughter, female, 11 [1879/80], Scholar, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Bertie Kempson, son, male, 9 [1881/2], Scholar, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Minnie Kempson, daughter, female, 7 [1883/4], Scholar, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Maud Kempson, daughter, female, 2 [1888/9], b. Luton, Bedfordshire

  4. General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA). England and Wales. 1901 Census Schedules: also for the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands. (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class RG13; Piece 1516; Folio 119; Page 3, 31 Mar 1901.

    Address: 33 Albert Road, Luton, Bedfordshire
    5 or more rooms occupied
    John Marshall, head, married, male, 30 [1870/1], Bricklayer, worker, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Elizabeth Marshall, wife, married, female, 27 [1873/4], b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Ralph Marshall, son, single, male, 6 [1894/5], b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Stanley George Marshall, son, single, male, 4 [1896/7], b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Stewart John Marshall, son, single, male, 2 [1898/9], b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Agnes Kempson, visitor, single, female, 21 [1879/80], Straw hat finisher, worker, b. Luton, Bedfordshire

  5. General Register Office. The National Archives (abbreviated TNA). 1911 Census Schedules for England and Wales, Isle of Man and the Channel Islands. (Kew, Richmond, Greater London TW9 4DU, United Kingdom)
    Class RG14; Piece 8995; Schedule 230, 2 Apr 1911.

    Address: 44 Cambridge Street, Luton, Bedfordshire
    5 rooms occupied
    John Marshall, head, male, 40 [1870/1], married 17 years, 5 children born alive, 5 still living, Straw Trade Blocker, worker, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Elizabeth Marshall, wife, female, 38 [1872/3], married, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Ralph Marshall, son, male, 16 [1894/5], single, Straw Trade Clerk, worker, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Stanley Marshall, son, male, 14 [1896/7], single, Foundry, worker, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Stuart Marshall, son, male, 12 [1898/9], single, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    Cissie Marshall, daugher, female, 9 [1901/2], single, b. Luton, Bedfordshire
    George Marshall, son, male, 6 [1904/5], single, b. Luton, Bedfordshire

  6. General Register Office. 1939 Register
    Luton Municipal Borough, 29 Sep 1939.

    Address: 44 Cambridge Street, Luton, Bedfordshire
    Marshall, John / male / 8 Sep 1870 / married / Felt steamer Hats
    Marshall, Elizabeth / female / 10 Oct 1873 / married / unpaid domestic duties

  7. Death certificate, in General Register Office. England and Wales Civil Registration. (London: General Register Office).

    REGISTRATION DISTRICT Luton
    1961 DEATH in the Sub-district of Luton in the County of Bedford
    No. 413
    When and where died: Seventeenth January 1961, 34 Rutland Crescent, Luton
    Name: Elizabeth MARSHALL
    Sex: Female
    Age: 87 years [1873/4]
    Occupation: Widow of John Marshall, Hat Blocker
    Cause of death: Ia. Bronchial Pneumonia, c. Acute Bronchitis, II. Senility, Certified by R.F. MacLatchy M.D.
    Informant: E.C. Mead, Daughter, Present at the death, 34 Rutland Crescent, Luton
    When registrered: Seventeenth January 1961
    Registrar: R.H. Pawson, Registrar

  8. The 1903 Kelly's Directory lists J. Marshall at 44 Cambridge Street.
  9. Elizabeth Marshall is listed at 44 Cambridge Street in the electoral rolls for each year up to and including 1959, but a different family is at that address in 1960.