Person:Charles Martel (1)

Charles Martel
Facts and Events
Name[4] Charles Martel
Alt Name Karel Martel
Alt Name Charles Martel , Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia
Gender Male
Alt Birth[1] est 688 Herstal, Liège, Belgium
Birth[4] abt 690 Andenne, Namur, Belgium
Marriage est 705 to Rotrude
Marriage not married
to Ruodhaid
Title (nobility)[4] 717 Maire du Palais
Title (nobility)[4] Duc et Prince des Francs
Marriage 725 to Swanachild
Death[3][4] 16 Oct 741 Quierzy, Aisne, France
Reference Number? Q3301?
Title (nobility)? Duc d'Austrasie
Alt Death[1][3][4] 22 Oct 741 Quierzy, Aisne, France
Other? Founder, House of Carolingian
Burial[3] Saint-Denis, Seine-Saint-Denis, France

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Charles Martel (c. 688 – 22 October 741; ) was a Frankish statesman and military leader who, as Duke and Prince of the Franks and Mayor of the Palace, was de facto ruler of Francia from 718 until his death.

The illegitimate son of the Frankish statesman Pepin of Herstal and a noblewoman named Alpaida, Martel successfully asserted his claims to power as successor to his father as the power behind the throne in Frankish politics. Continuing and building on his father's work, he restored centralized government in Francia and began the series of military campaigns that re-established the Franks as the undisputed masters of all Gaul. In foreign wars, Martel subjugated Bavaria, Alemannia, and Frisia, defeated the Saxons, and halted the Islamic advance into Western Europe at the Battle of Tours in 732.

Martel is considered to be the founding figure of the European Middle Ages. Skilled as an administrator and warrior, he is often credited with a seminal role in the development of feudalism and knighthood. Martel was a great patron of Saint Boniface and made the first attempt at reconciliation between the Papacy and the Franks. The Pope wished him to become the defender of the Holy See and offered him the Roman consulship. Martel refused the offer.

Although Martel never assumed the title of king, he divided Francia, like a king, between his sons Carloman and Pepin. The latter became the first of the Carolingians, the family of Charles Martel, to become king. Martel's grandson, Charlemagne, extended the Frankish realms to include much of the West, and became the first Emperor since the fall of Rome. Therefore, on the basis of his achievements, Martel is seen as laying the groundwork for the Carolingian Empire. In summing up the man, Gibbon wrote that Martel was "the hero of the age," whereas Guerard describes him as being the "champion of the Cross against the Crescent."

This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Charles Martel. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
  1. 1.0 1.1 Charles Martel, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2.   Charles Martel, King of the Franks, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 CHARLES “Martel”, son of PEPIN [II] "le Gros" or "d'Herstal" & his second [wife] Chalpais [Alpais] ([690]-Quierzy-sur-Oise, Aisne 16 or 22 Oct 741, bur église de l'abbaye royale de Saint Denis)., in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Biographie a Wikipédia FR, in Wikipedia, [[1]], trouvée 2016, Secondary quality.

    Charles Martel (né vers 6901 né à Andenne, ville située à proximité de Namur, dans l'actuelle Belgique2 et mort le 16 ou le 22 octobre 7413 à Quierzy-sur-Oise4 dans l'actuel Aisne) fut le duc d'Austrasie, maire du palais de 717 à 741 et le souverain de facto du royaume des Francs (dux et princeps Francorum, duc et prince des Francs). Il est le fils de Pépin de Herstal, maire du palais d'Austrasie contrôlant les royaumes de Neustrie et de Bourgogne. Il est également le grand-père paternel de Charlemagne.