Person:Bigod Eggleston (1)

m. bef 1586
  1. Bigod Eggleston1586/87 - 1674
  2. Dorothy Egglestonest 1589 -
  3. Elizabeth Eggleston1592 -
  4. Jane Eggleston1595 -
m. est 1612
  1. James Eggleston1612 - 1613
  2. Mary Eggleston1613/4 -
  3. James Eggleston1620 - 1679
m. est 1634
  1. Samuel Egglestonest 1634 - bef 1690/91
  2. Mary Egglestonest 1636 - 1684
  3. Thomas Eggleston1638 - 1697
  4. Marcy Eggleston1641 - 1657
  5. Sarah Eggleston1643 - 1713
  6. Rebecca Eggleston1644 -
  7. Abigail Eggleston1648 - 1689
  8. Joseph Eggleston1651 - aft 1673
  9. Benjamin Eggleston1653 - 1729
Facts and Events
Name Bigod Eggleston
Alt Name Bygod Eggleston
Alt Name Beget Eggleston
Gender Male
Christening[2] 20 Feb 1586/87 Settrington, East Riding of Yorkshire, England
Marriage est 1612 to Unknown Unknown
Marriage est 1634 to Unknown Unknown
Death[3] 1 Sep 1674 Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, United States


In his will, dated 13 November 1673, "Bigat Egllstone of Windsor" bequeathed to "my son Benjamin" house and land (on the condition "that he shall maintain his mother and pay my debts"), to "my son Joseph" 40s. "should [he] come and demand a portion," to sons James, Samuel and Thomas and daughters Mary, Sarah and Abigail, 3s. apiece.

His inventory, taken 24 October 1674, totalled £116 3s. (against which were debts of £39 8s. 5d.), of which £74 was real estate: "his dwelling house & houseland 2 acres & half," £40; "in the Great Meadow six acres," £33; and "for poor land on the Sandy Plains 20 acres" £1 []. (Great Migration, citing Hartford PD Case #1890; Manwaring 1:194)


Great Migration gives two wives, names unknown, and gives parents as James Eggleston and Margaret Harker.

From Eggleston-L: "I have seen records that claim his wife was Mary Talcott, Sarah Talcott or Mary Wall. From wills of John Talcott, Ann (Skinner) Talcott Wall, Moses Wall, and Ann's parents, William Skinner and Margery Skinner show that daughters Mary, Ann and Grace Talcott had apparently died before 1616; that Sarah Talcott had m. (William) Wadsworth & Mary Wall had m. (Martin) Aylett by 1637. This would indicate that Bigod could not have married Mary Talcott nor Sarah Talcott as his 1st wife not Mary Wall or Sarah Talcott as his 2nd wife. His oldest son James was b. 1612, his youngest child b. in England b. abt.1629 and he was in America by 1630." (Marie Taylor mtaylor -at-

Bygod1 Eggleston was among the founders of Dorchester, Massechusetts, in 1630 and of Windsor, Connecticut, in 1635. He was born to JamesA Eggleston in 1586/7 and baptised at Settrington, Yorkshire, England. Probably no early colonist has had more erroneous conjectures made about him than Bygod Eggleston. This is due to the total absence of records relating to his mother and his wives. We now have proof that his mother was not Juliana Harker, as has been widely accepted in the past. The conjecture was based on the fact that in his will of 1612, James Eggleston named Julian as his wife and a neighbor, Ralph Harker, as his brother. The assumption was that Ralph had an older sister named Juliana or Julian who married James Eggleston and became the mother of his eight children. (For details of Eggleston and Harker families, see the 1991 book by the present authors: Bygod Eggleston: Englishman & Colonist and some of his Descendants The Mary & John Clearing House, 562-305th St., Toledo OH 43611, hereafter Eggleston.) Three recently discovered wills prove that there was no Juliana in the Harker family and that the wife mentioned in James Eggleston's will was Juliana Frear, daughter of John Frear of Thorp Bassett, a parish adjacent to Settrington. (We are indebted to Robert Charles Anderson, coeditor of TAG, for discovering the will Richard Harker of London and to Tim Owston for discovering the wills of John Freer [Frear, Frere, Fryer] of Thorpe Bassett and Juliana Bainton of Settrington.) If we assume that Juliana Frear was the mother of all eight of Jame's children, then we are left with the problem of why he called Ralph Harker his brother. The solution to this problem may lie in a fact which seems to have escaped the notice of earlier writers on Bygod's family. There was an age difference of about twenty-five years between the eldest child, Bygod, and the youngest, Alice. That seems a long time for one mother to bear children in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. James Egleston's family can be divided into two sets of four children separated by a lapse of eight years. This suggests that Jame's first wife died and he remarried.

Following is a list of names and baptismal dates of those children which are recorded in the Settrington Parish Register with the exceptions of Dorothy and Alice; we know of their existence from the wills of James and Juliana. Date of baptism Name of child

- 13 Feb, 1586/7 Bygod
- [say 1589] Dorothy
- 8 Oct. 1592 Elizabeth
- 2 Nov. 1595 Jane

[a gap of nearly eight years ]

- 19 June 1603 James
- 6 April 1606 John
- 28 Feb. 1608/9 Margaret
- [say 1611] Alice

Genevieve Tylee Kiepura has a very detailed discussion of Bigod Eggleston in the National Genealogical Society Quarterly, vol. 57, no 4, December 1969. It discusses whether he was a passenger on the MARY AND JOHN, when Mary died, whether James and Samuel were twins, and whether Bigod was descended from Sir Ralph Bigod. In each of these cases she determined that there was no evidence to support the claims.

  1.   Savage, James. A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England: Showing Three Generations of Those Who Came Before May, 1692, on the Basis of Farmer's Register. (Boston: Little, Brown, and Co, 1860-1862), 2:105-106.

    EGGLESTON, BAGOT, BIGOD, BIGOT, or BEGAT, with sundry other variat. Dorchester, came, prob. in the Mary and John, ask. adm. 19 Oct. 1630 and was rec. as freem. 18 May foll. rem. with first sett. to Windsor, d. 1 Sept. 1674, "near 100 yrs. old," says extrav. tradit. leav. Samuel, and James, both b. bef. he rem. and Thomas, b. 26 Aug. 1638; Mary, 29 May 1641; Sarah, 28 Mar. 1643; Rebecca, 8 Dec. 1644; Abigail, 12 bapt. 18 June 1648; Joseph, bapt. 30 Mar. 1651; and Benjamin, 18 Dec. 1633. The name of his w. is unkn. but the Court rec. of Conn. ment. that he was fin. 20 sh. for bequeath. her to a young man in 1645, wh. (not the fine), must be regard. as joke. Abigail m. 14 Oct. 1669, John Osborn.

  2. Bigod Eggleston, in Anderson, Robert Charles. The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633. (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995).

    BIRTH: Baptized Settrington, Yorkshire, 20 February 1586[/7], son of "James Egeleston" [TAG 10:198]. (Rosalie Eggleston and Linda Eggleston McBroom have identified the mother of Bigod Eggleston as Margaret, daughter of Miles Harker of Settrington [TAG 69:193-201].)
    DEATH: Windsor 1 September 1674 "near 100 year old" (but actually eighty-seven) [Grant 35; also CTVR 28].
    MARRIAGE: (1) By 1612 _____ _____; not seen in any record.
    (2) By about 1634 _____ _____; on 5 June 1645 "Baggett Egleston, for bequeathing his wife to a young man, is fined 20s." [CCCR 1:127; RPCC 34]; living on 13 November 1673 when named in her husband's will.

  3. Windsor, Hartford, Connecticut, United States. Records of Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1638-1925.

    Bagget Egelston dyed Sept 1st [16]74 (Bk I p. 43)

Founders of Windsor, CT
Windsor was the first permanent English settlement in Connecticut. Local indians granted Plymouth settlers land at the confluence of the Farmington River and the west side of the Connecticut River, and Plymouth settlers (including Jonathan Brewster, son of William) built a trading post in 1633. But the bulk of the settlement came in 1635, when 60 or more people led by Reverend Warham arrived, having trekked overland from Dorchester, Massachusetts. Most had arrived in the New World five years earlier on the ship "Mary and John" from Plymouth, England. The settlement was first called Dorchester, and was renamed Windsor in 1637.

See: Stiles History of Ancient Windsor - Thistlewaite's Dorset Pilgrims - Wikipedia entry

Loomis homestead, oldest in CT.
Settlers at Windsor by the end of 1640, per the Descendants of the Founders of Ancient Windsor: Abbot - Alford - S. Allen - M. Allyn - Barber - Bartlett - M. (Barrett) (Huntington) Stoughton - Bascomb - Bassett - Benett - Birge - Bissell - Branker - Brewster - Buckland - Buell - Carter - Chappel - D. Clarke - J. Clarke - Cooke - Cooper - Denslow - Dewey - Dibble - Dumbleton - Drake - Dyer - Eels - Eggleston - Filley - Ford - Foulkes - Fyler - Gaylord - Francis Gibbs - William Gilbert - Jere. Gillett - Jon. Gillett - N. Gillett - Grant - Gridley - E. Griswold - M. Griswold - Gunn - Hannum - Hawkes - Hawkins - Hayden - Haynes - Hill - Hillier - Holcombe - Holmes - Holt - Hosford - Hoskins - Hoyte - Hubbard - Huit - Hulbert - Hull - Hurd - Hydes - Loomis - Ludlow - Lush - Marshfield - A. Marshall - T. Marshall - Mason - M. (Merwin) (Tinker) Collins - M. Merwin - Mills - Moore - Newberry - Newell - Oldage - Orton - Osborn - Palmer - Parsons - Parkman - Pattison - Phelps - Phelps - Phillips - Pinney - Pomeroy - Pond - Porter - Preston - Rainend - Randall - Rawlins - Reeves - J. Rockwell - W. Rockwell - B. Rossiter - St. Nicholas - Saltonstall - Samos - M. Sension (St. John) – R. Sension - Sexton - Staires - Starke - F. StilesH. Stiles - J. StilesT. Stiles - Stoughton - Stuckey - Talcott - E. Taylor - J. Taylor - Terry - Thornton - Thrall - Tilley - Tilton - Try - F. (Clark) (Dewey) (Phelps) - Vore - Warham - Weller - Whitehead - A. Williams - J. Williams - R. Williams - Wilton - Winchell - Witchfield - Wolcott - Young
Current Location: Hartford County, Connecticut   Parent Towns: Dorchester, Massachusetts   Daughter Towns: Windsor Locks; South Windsor; East Windsor; Ellington; Bloomfield