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Kratz, Carl - Court Martial

Record Group 153, Records of the Judge Advocate General’s Office (Army), Court-Martial Case File PP4858, National Archives and Records Administration

General Court Martial held at Fort Klamath, Oregon in the cases of Privates Edward Loney, Carl Kratz, and William Dalton, Company B 1st Cavalry, 22 November 1875.
Case 2 – Private Carl Kratz, Company B, 1st Cavalry was arraigned in the following charges and specifications:
Charge 1st: Desertion
Specification: In this that he, Private Carl Kratz, B Company, 1st Cavalry, a duly enlisted soldier of the Army of the United States did desert the service and his company at Fort Klamath Oregon on the evening of the 16th of October 1875 and did remain absent until apprehended at or near Rogue River Bridge, Oregon on the 20th of October 1875. Thirty dollars paid for his apprehension.
Charge 2d: Theft to the prejudice of good order and military discipline.
Specification. In this that he, Private Carl Kratz, B Company, 1st Cavalry, did feloniously take, steal and carry away, one Springfield Carbine the property of the United States and for which Captain James Jackson 1st Cavalry, is responsible.
All this at Fort Klamath, Oregon, on or about the 16th day of October, 1875.
To which charges and specifications the accused pleaded Guilty
The prosecution here closed
First Sergeant Thomas Cunningham, Co. B, 1st Cavalry, a witness for defence was duly sworn.
Question by defence – Was or was not the Carbine the prisoner took away with him, returned when he was apprehended?
Answer – It was returned by the men that brought the prisoner back.
The accused having no other testimony to offer made the following statement:
“I went across the river with the other two men and had no intention of deserting but got under the influence of liquor and the first thing I heard was Reveille and I was afraid to come back.”
The Judge Advocate submitted the case, without remark, to the Court, which was thereupon cleared and closed for deliberation. After mature deliberation upon the evidence adduced, the court confirms the plea of the prisoner and finds him:
Guilty of 1st and 2nd Charges and Specifications and does therefore sentence him, Private Carl Kratz, Company B 1st Cavalry, “to forfeit to the United States all pay and allowances that are or may become due him, except the just dues of the laundress; to be dishonorably discharged the service and thereafter to be confined, at hard labor, in such military prison, as the Commanding General may direct for the period of four (4) years wearing a ball, twelve (12) pounds in weight, attached to one of his legs by a chain three (3) feet long.”
The Court then proceeded to other business.

Headquarters Department of the Columbia, Portland, Oregon, December 16, 1875
The proceedings, findings and sentence in the foregoing case of private Carl Kratz Company B 1st Cavalry, are approved.
So much of the sentence as relates to wearing a ball twelve (12) pound in weight attached to a chain three (3) feet long, is remitted.
As mitigated the sentence will be duly executed at Fort Klamath, Oregon.
O. O. Howard, Brigadier General Commanding

Phiefer, John - Naturalization Papers

Petition for Naturalization
District Court of Kandiyohi County, Minnesota
John Pheifer, resident of Town of Whitefield, Kandiyohi County, Minnesota, P.O. Raymond, R3
Occupation Farming
Born 10 January 1866 at Holwerd, Netherlands
Emigrated from Amsterdam, Netherlands on 14 April 1885 on the vessel Edam and arrived in the United States on the 28th of April 1885
Declared intention to become a citizen of the United States on 31 October 1896 at Willmar, Minnesota in the District Court of Kandiyohi County
Married to Bertha, who was born in Rugan [sic] Germany
My children are Alice, b. 21 Mar 1897; John Gilbert, born 28 October 1899, and Leonard born 26 October 1901, all in Kandiyohi county, Minnesota; Sadie born 2 September 1903 in Douglas County, South Dakota; and Clarence born 17 December 1905 in Kandiyohi County, Minnesota.
That I have resided continuously in the United States since 28 April 1885 and in the State of Minnesota since the 10th of February 1903
Signed John Pheifer,
Filed 28 June 1915
Witnesses: J. E. Poortinga, carpenter, Town of Willmar
Geo. A. Huisinga, student, Danube, Minnesota
Oath of Allegiance Sworn 4 October 1915
Certificate of Naturalization No. 499635