Settlement of Cumberland County, PA

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Original Source: In a pamphlet history of the United Presbyterian Church of Big Spring, at Newville, Cumberland County, published in 1878 by James B. Scouller...


Intermediate Source: De Beers, 1886, on Internet Archive

Text

The first known settlements in Cumberland County were made in 1730, and at no great distance from the river. But new settlers came in very rapidly and passed up the North Valley, or the Kittochtinny Valley as then called, following the Conodoguinet and Yellow Breeches Creeks, and locating also upon Silver Spring, Letort Spring, Big Spring, Mean's Spring, Middle Spring, Falling Spring, Rocky Spring and the different branches of the Conococheague, until in 1736 a line of settlements extended from the Susquehanna clear through to the western part of the province of Maryland. In 1748 there were 800 taxables in the valley, and in 1751 the number had increased to 1, 100 indicating a population of at least 5,000 inhabitants.
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