Place:Wellfleet, Barnstable, Massachusetts, United States

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NameWellfleet
Alt namesBelinsgatesource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS25009953
Billingsgatesource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS25009953
North Wellfleetsource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS25009953
Pametsource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS25009953
Pononakanetsource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS25009953
Poolesource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS25009953
Port aux Huitressource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS25009953
Skeekeetsource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS25009953
Willfleetsource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS25009953
TypeTown
Coordinates41.933°N 70.033°W
Located inBarnstable, Massachusetts, United States
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Wellfleet is a town in Barnstable County, Massachusetts, United States, and is located halfway between the "tip" and "elbow" of Cape Cod. The town had a population of 2,750 at the 2010 census, which swells nearly sixfold during the summer. A total of 70% of the town's land area is in protection, and nearly half of it is part of the Cape Cod National Seashore. Wellfleet is famous for its eponymous oysters, which are celebrated in the annual October Wellfleet OysterFest.

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Wellfleet was encountered by Europeans as early as 1606, when the French explorer Samuel de Champlain explored and named it "Port Aux Huitres" (Oyster Port) for the bountiful oyster population resident to the area. Originally settled in the 1650s by the Europeans as Billingsgate (after the famous fish market in East London), Wellfleet was part of neighboring Eastham until 1763, achieving town status after nearly 30 years of petitioning. The name "Wellfleet" is disputed; some argue that it comes from "Whale Fleet", after the burgeoning whaling industry in the town, while some say it comes from a brand of oyster popular in England at the time, in order to help sales.

Wellfleet's oyster beds drove the early economy, as did whaling and other fishing endeavors. The town was home to 30 whaling ships at the time of the American Revolution. However, because of the decline of whaling and the mackerel catch in the late 19th century, the fleet declined, being completely free of schooners by 1900. The oyster fleet continues to this day, however, harvesting many other types of shellfish as well.


Guglielmo Marconi built America's first transatlantic radio transmitter station on a coastal bluff in South Wellfleet in 1901–02. The first radio telegraph transmission from America to England was sent from this station on January 18, 1903, a ceremonial telegram from President Theodore Roosevelt to King Edward VII. Most of the transmitter site is gone, however, as three quarters of the land it originally encompassed has been eroded into the sea. The South Wellfleet station's first call sign was "CC", for Cape Cod.

In 1961, President John F. Kennedy created the Cape Cod National Seashore, which encompasses most of the Atlantic shoreline of Cape Cod. In Wellfleet the territory circles the town, from Jeremy Point through the marshes and "islands" along the Herring River, and extending the length of the Atlantic shore of the town.

Construction of the Chequesset Inn in the late 19th century contributed to the development of a tourist economy in Wellfleet. The town has the second greatest concentration of art galleries on Cape Cod, right after Provincetown. It is also a popular retirement spot.

In 1717, the pirate Samuel Bellamy was sailing near what is now Wellfleet when his ship, the Whydah, sank off shore. The wreck was discovered in 1984, and is to date only the second pirate ship ever discovered, Blackbeard's Queen Anne's Revenge having been found off the coast of North Carolina.

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