Place:Thibodaux, Lafourche, Louisiana, United States

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NameThibodaux
Alt namesThibadeauxvillesource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS22016295
Thibodauxvillesource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS22016295
Thibodeauxsource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS22016295
TypeCity
Coordinates29.792°N 90.82°W
Located inLafourche, Louisiana, United States
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Thibodaux is a city in and the parish seat of Lafourche Parish, Louisiana, United States, along the banks of Bayou Lafourche in the northwestern part of the parish. The population was 14,567 at the 2010 census. Thibodaux is a principal city of the HoumaBayou Cane–Thibodaux Metropolitan Statistical Area.

ZIP codes for Thibodaux are 70301, 70302, and 70310. Thibodaux's area code is 985. Thibodaux is nicknamed "Queen City of Lafourche."

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History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The community was settled by French colonists in the 18th century, who imported African slaves as workers. It was incorporated as a town in 1830 under the name Thibodauxville, in honor of local plantation owner Henry Schuyler Thibodaux. He provided land for the village and served as acting governor of Louisiana in 1824. In 1896, the first rural free delivery of mail in Louisiana began in Thibodaux. It was the second such RFD in the United States. The name was changed to Thibodeaux in 1838, and the current spelling Thibodaux was officially adopted in 1918.

Civil War

In October 1862, following the Battle of Georgia Landing (Labadieville), Thibodaux was occupied by the Union Army under Godfrey Weitzel. Before they left the city, the Confederates under General Alfred Mouton (later killed in the Battle of Mansfield in De Soto Parish), burned the depot, the bridges, sugar, and supplies that they could not otherwise carry with them. In 1863, the Union under James P. Major temporarily abandoned Thibodaux but soon returned. Winters reports that "terrified Negroes and whites raced into the town announcing that 3,000 Confederate cavalrymen were en route to attack Thibodaux and Lafourche Crossing. Union Colonel Thomas W. Cahill ordered an immediate retreat. The bayou bridges were burned, three field guns were destroyed, and as many of the men and the horses as possible were loaded . . . and ordered to Raceland. . . . Ammunition was destroyed, horses abandoned, and four field pieces were left behind.

Planters in the Thibodaux complained about having to negotiate labor contracts for Negro workers, former slaves, once the area was under Union control. Alexander F. Pugh, a large sugar planter near Thibodaux, complained that the

"Negroes and federal officers took up too much time in negotiating new labor contracts. Part of the delay was occasioned by the fact that the Negroes were dissatisfied with the settlements from the past year, and additional delays were brought about because of changes in labor rules and regulations." Pugh wrote in his diary: "I have agreed with the Negroes today to pay them monthly wages. It was very distasteful to me, but I could do no better. Everybody else in the neighborhood has agreed to pay the same, and mine [laborers] would listen to nothing else."

Thibodaux Massacre

Main article: Thibodaux massacre In the late 19th century, after having taken back control of the state government following the Reconstruction era by use of paramilitary forces such as the White League, which suppressed black voting, white Democrats tried to consolidate their power. They were challenged by a coalition of Populists and Republicans, as well as labor unrest as agricultural workers tried to organize to ease their conditions.

A sugar cane workers' strike culminated in the "Thibodaux massacre" of November 22, 1887, one of the bloodiest labor disputes in U.S. history. The strike for higher wages of 10,000 workers (1,000 of whom were white) was organized by the Knights of Labor during "rolling period," a critical element of the sugar cane harvest. Planters were alarmed both by outside labor organizations and the thought of losing their total crops.

The governor called in the State militia at the planters' request. Efforts to break the strike resulted in the deaths of perhaps hundreds of black workers at the hands of white paramilitary forces.

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