Place:Tallahatchie, Mississippi, United States

Watchers
NameTallahatchie
Alt namesTallahatchee Countysource: USGS, GNIS Digital Gazetteer (1994) GNIS28021900
Tallahatchiesource: Getty Vocabulary Program
TypeCounty
Coordinates33.95°N 90.183°W
Located inMississippi, United States     (1830 - )
See alsoGrenada, Mississippi, United StatesChild county (source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990)
Quitman, Mississippi, United StatesChild county (source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990)
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog


the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

Tallahatchie County is a county located in the Mississippi Delta region of the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,378. Its county seats are Charleston and Sumner.

Contents

History

the text in this section is copied from an article in Wikipedia

The county was founded on December 31, 1833. Tallahatchie is a Choctaw name meaning "rock of waters".[1] The county is one of ten in Mississippi with two county seats, Charleston and Sumner. Charleston was the first county seat, and Sumner was organized later in 1872.

Charleston was founded in 1837, but its history antedates that. A settlement of five communities had grown up along the forks of Tillatoba Creek.

In 1833 the land was opened for settlement. There were only Indian trails at the time. Most of the settlers entered the county over what was called Charley's Trace, an Indian trail that came across from the Mississippi river and entered the hills about where Leverett is now located. Here the trail merged with a trail from the south and passed near the present site of Charleston.

Colonel Thomas Bailey came from Kentucky and formed the first settlement on the north fork of the creek which was about five miles to the northeast. He was later joined by James Bailey, Samuel Caruthers, William Flemming, M. Johnson, Willam Kendrick, Robert Thrasher, A. Patterson, and Kinchen Mayo who extended the settlement along the creek toward the Junction. Another settlement was started by the Priddys, the J. Houstons, Cade Alford and the Carson family who extended the settlement along the creek to the junction of three forks.

DeKalb and Tillatoba were founded on the north fork of the creek just west of the present town. Both towns wanted to be county seat of Tallahatchie, and Tillatoba succeeded. In 1837 the Board of Police found it necessary to abandon Tillatoba. There was a section of unsettled land in the heart of the first five settlements. This section of land had been granted to Greenwood LeFlore under the terms of the Dancing Rabbit Treaty of 1830. J.S. Topp & Co. had acquired this section of land and proposed to build the town of Charleston (named for Charleston, South Carolina) and to have this as the permanent county seat. In 1843 the county seat fight flared up again. The board voted to abandon Charleston, but Mr. Steel, the president of the Board of Police, refused to sign the minutes which killed the rally.

J.B. Sumner moved to this section in 1872 and founded what is now Sumner. The present site was a dense forest. He donated land for the railroad right-of-way, railroad park, courthouse square and jail lot. The next year Maria Church, a Presbyterian church, was erected. A post office was established in 1885 and the town incorporated in 1900.

From 1882 through 1884 disastrous floods and overflows of the river forced the people of Sumner to go by boat to Webb (which was at the time called Hood) for their supplies. From 1931 through 1933 there were overflows which inundated thousands of acres of farmland and destroyed much property.

The first court house was built in 1902 and destroyed by fire in 1908. The records were saved, but in 1909 the entire business section of the town burned and all records were destroyed.

Timeline

Date Event Source
1830 County formed Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1834 Probate records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1835 Land records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1840 First census Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
1841 Court records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1856 Marriage records recorded Source:Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources
1880 No significant boundary changes after this year Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990

Population History

source: Source:Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790-1990
Census Year Population
1840 2,985
1850 4,643
1860 7,890
1870 7,852
1880 10,926
1890 14,361
1900 19,600
1910 29,078
1920 35,953
1930 35,568
1940 34,166
1950 30,486
1960 24,081
1970 19,338
1980 17,157
1990 15,210

Research Tips

External links

www.rootsweb.com/~mstallah/


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