Place:Stratton, Cornwall, England

Watchers
NameStratton
Alt namesStratonasource: Domesday Book (1985) p 61
Stratonesource: Domesday Book (1985) p 61
TypeCivil parish, Town
Coordinates50.833°N 4.517°W
Located inCornwall, England
See alsoStratton Hundred, Cornwall, Englandhundred in which it was located
Stratton Rural, Cornwall, Englandrural district of which it was a part 1894-1900 (and a section until 1934)
Bude-Stratton, Cornwall, Englandurban district of which it became part 1900-1974
Contained Places
Cemetery
St Andrews Churchyard
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names
source: Family History Library Catalog
the following text is based on an article in Wikipedia

Stratton (Cornish: Strasnedh) is a small town situated near the coastal resort of Bude in north Cornwall, England. It was also the name of one of ten ancient administrative hundreds of Cornwall - see Stratton Hundred. A battle of the English civil war took place here on 16 May 1643.

The earliest known references to Stratton are found in King Alfred’s Will of c. 880 and the Domesday survey of 1086. The earliest form of the name of Stratton is Strætneat, an Anglo-Saxon form derived from Old Cornish strad and neth, meaning the flat-bottomed valley of the river Neth (now known as the River Strat).

One of the most prominent buildings in Stratton is the 12th century Norman church dedicated to Saint Andrew which holds a central and elevated position within the town. It is listed Grade I. The church contains a brass to Sir John Arundell of Trerice, 1561.

Trade and industry

Trade and industry greatly affected Stratton’s popularity; it had a thriving leather and agricultural trade. During medieval times it dealt in leather, evidence of this is the road named after the trade; Poundfield area was where the animals were kept, Stratton also housed tanning pits and a rack park, where the leather was stretched. There is also evidence of farming in the milking parlours, barns and stalls that are made from cob, a traditional building material, and the Old Malt House shows where ale was produced in the church-owned brewery. During medieval times herbs and spices were also considered important, for medicinal purposes as well as others, and Stratton was famous for having an abundance of wild garlic.

Trade events such as markets and fairs were a regular occurrence in Stratton and people would come from all around to attend. Lots of the evidence for events and trades in Stratton is subtle, for example street names like Market Street and Poundfield Lane. Stratton had up to 14 pubs, although some were houses where people brewed beer themselves. Although many of the shops that once lined the streets have now been converted into homes, the large front windows still hint at the lives led by the inhabitants when Stratton was the most important town in the area.

end of Wikipedia contribution

Stratton and Bude

In the 19th century the growth of the neighbouring seaside town of Bude (previously a chapelry in the parish of Stratton) began to make itself felt on the local prominence and affluence of Statton. Various institutions such as the jail, the police station and the courthouse, the workhouse, and the hospital, which had all been in Stratton, either closed their doors for good or were moved to Bude. In 1900 the two towns were made into an urban district named Bude-Stratton. In 1934 more territory from the neighbouring civil parish of Poughill and from the remaining rural part of Stratton was absorbed into Bude-Stratton.

Other settlements in the rural part of Stratton parish include Bush, Flexbury, Lynstone, Maer, Thorne and Upton.

For more information, see the EN Wikipedia article Stratton, Cornwall.

Research Tips

One of the many maps available on A Vision of Britain through Time is one from the Ordnance Survey Series of 1900 illustrating the parish boundaries of Cornwall at the turn of the 20th century. This map blows up to show all the parishes and many of the small villages and hamlets.

The following websites have pages explaining their provisions in WeRelate's Repository Section. Some provide free online databases.

  • GENUKI makes a great many suggestions as to other websites with worthwhile information about Cornwall as well as providing 19th century descriptions of each of the ecclesiastical parishes.
  • FamilySearch Wiki provides a similar information service to GENUKI which may be more up-to-date.
  • A Vision of Britain through Time has
  1. organization charts of the hierarchies of parishes within hundreds, registration districts and rural and urban districts of the 20th century
  2. excerpts from a gazetteer of circa 1870 outlining individual towns and parishes
  3. reviews of population through the time period 1800-1960
  • More local sources can often be found by referring to "What Links Here" in the column on the left.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Stratton, Cornwall. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.