Place:Stormont, Ontario, Canada

Watchers
NameStormont
TypeCounty
Coordinates45.1°N 74.9°W
Located inOntario, Canada     (1792 - )
Also located inUpper Canada, Canada     (1792 - 1841)
Canada West, Canada     (1841 - 1867)
See alsoEastern District, Upper Canada, Canadaadministrative district 1792-1849
Stormont Dundas and Glengarry, Ontario, Canadaunion of three counties in which Stormont included

This section is based on an article in Wikipedia

Stormont County has an area of 248,608 acres (1,006 km2) and is a county in the Canadian province of Ontario.

Stormont was first settled in 1785. It was established in 1792 as part of the Eastern District of Upper Canada. Veterans of Loyalist regiments were among the first settlers. An estimated one third of the pioneers in the county were Highlander, one third German and the rest English, Irish and Lowland Scots.

The original territory of Stormont also included Russell County, which became a separate county in 1800.

Stormont County has always had strong associations with the neighbouring counties of Dundas and Glengarry, however the union between them is not a complete one. For this reason and for geographical simplicity, each of the three counties is discussed separately here.

The four original townships described below have now been merged into two municipalities: South Stormont and North Stormont.

Historic Townships

This section is based on an article in Wikipedia

  • Cornwall (southeast section): area 63,460 acres (257 km2) Was settled in 1785 by veterans of Sir John Johnson's and other Loyalist companies. Communities: Moulinette, Northfield and Cornwall. This Township is now part of the Municipality of South Stormont.
  • Finch (northwest section): It was settled in 1785 and was part of Osnabruck Township until 1798. It is named in honour of Lady Elizabeth Finch, wife of the first Earl of Mansfield. Communities: Crysler, Berwick, Finch, Glen Payne. The Township is now part of the Municipality of North Stormont.
  • Osnabruck (southwest section): area 61,320 acres (248 km2). Surveyed from 1784 to 1787, it was named from a Hanoverian town closely associated with the Royal Family. The Township was settled in 1785 by Loyalist veterans, may of them Germans. Communities: Newington, Grantley, Osnabruck Centre and Wales. The township is now part of the Municipality of South Stormont.
  • Roxborough (northwest section): Part of Cornwall Township until 1798. The township was named Roxborough County in Scotland. Communities: Moose Creek, Avonmore and Monkland (sometimes Monckland). The Township is now part of the Municipality of North Stormont.

Research Tips

The primary source for basic documents (vital statistics, land records, wills) for people who lived in the Province of Ontario is the Archives of Ontario, 134 Ian Macdonald Blvd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M7A 2C5.

Early Records

Civil registration did not begin in the province until 1869. Before then there may be church records of baptisms and burials. For the most part these are still held by the denomination who recorded them. Copies of marriage records made pre-1869 had to be sent by individual clergymen to the registrar of the county in which the marriage took place. These marriage records are available through Ontario Archives, on micorfilm through LDS libraries, and on paid and unpaid websites, but because they were copied at the registrars' offices, they cannot be considered a primary source.

Vital Records after 1869

Birth, marriage and death registrations are not open to the public until a specific number of years after the event occurred. Births to 1914 are now available [October 2012]; dates for marriages and deaths are later. Birth and death registration was not universally carried out in the early years after its adoption. Deaths were more apt to be reported than births for several years. The more rural the area, the less likely it would be that these happenings were reported to the authorities.
Images and indexes of civil registrations for the "viewable" years can be found on paid websites, and indexes only on FamilySearch. The latest year published is not yet available online. The FamilySearch Wiki on Ontario Vital Records explains how these records are organized and their availability.

Land Records and Wills

Information on how to access land records and wills is best sought on the Archives of Ontario website. An ancestor's land holding might be found on Canadian County Atlas Digital Project if he was in occupancy circa 1878.

Association for the Preservation of Ontario Land Registry Office Documents (APOLROD). A list of Land Registry Offices for all Counties of Ontario.

Censuses

The original censuses are in the hands of Library and Archives Canada. All of the original census (1851-1911) images are online with the exception of that for 1861. Not all of them are indexed. Later censuses are not yet available. Census divisions were redrawn as the population increased and more land was inhabited.
Other websites, some paid and some free, also provide Canadian census originals and/or indexes online. One can view censuses on microfilm at the Archives of Ontario or at big libraries throughout Canada.

E-books and Books

  • The Internet Archive, particularly texts from Canadian universities, can contain interesting material
  • Our Roots is a Canadian website similar to The Internet Archive
  • Global Genealogy is an online bookshop specializing in Ontario material who will ship anywhere in the world.

Some websites with more local information on Stormont County

  • Stormont County GenWeb has some data online and references to other sources.
  • Internet Archive has a large collection of Ontario references and is always worth checking. Enter the town or township in the seach engine.
source: Family History Library Catalog
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Stormont County, Ontario. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.