Place:Renfrew, Ontario, Canada

NameRenfrew
Alt namesRenfrew Countysource: Wikipedia
TypeCounty
Coordinates45.5°N 76.7°W
Located inOntario, Canada     (1838 - )
Also located inUpper Canada, Canada     (1792 - 1841)
Canada West, Canada     (1841 - 1867)
See alsoBathurst District, Upper Canada, Canadaadministrative district 1824-1849
Contained Places
Cemetery
Rosebank Cemetery
Census area
Hagarty & Jones ( 1881 - 1891 )
Former administrative division
Alice and Fraser ( - 2000 )
Bagot and Blythfield ( - 2001 )
Brudenell and Lyndoch ( - 1999 )
Griffith and Matawatchan ( - 2001 )
Hagarty and Richards ( - 2000 )
Radcliffe and Sherwood Jones and Burns ( - 2001 )
Raglan and Radcliffe ( - 1999 )
Stafford-Pembroke ( - 2000 )
Former community
Killaloe Station
Inhabited place
Adelard
Admaston
Arnprior
Augsburg
Barry's Bay
Barryvale
Beachburg
Black Donald
Bonnechere
Braeside
Brudenell
Burnstown
Calabogie
Castleford
Chalk River
Clontarf
Cobden
Combermere
Cormac
Craig Mount
Deacon
Deep River ( 1944 - )
Deux Rivières
Doré Bay
Douglas
Eganville
Esmonde
Fourth Chute
German Settlement
Germanicus
Golden Lake
Griffith
Haley Station
Hopefield
Hyndford
Kaszuby
Killaloe
La Passe
Lake Doré
Latchford Bridge
Letterkenny
Lochwinnoch
Locksley
Mackey
Matawatchan
McLarens Settlement
Mount St. Patrick
Osceola
Palmer Rapids
Pembroke
Petawawa
Point Alexander
Quadeville
Rankin
Renfrew
Rockingham
Rockliffe
Rosenthal
Sand Point
Schutt
Shady Nook
Snake River
Springtown
Tramore
Westmeath
White Lake
Wilno
Wolfe
Municipality
Admaston/Bromley ( 2000 - )
Bonnechere Valley ( 2001 - )
Brudenell Lyndoch and Raglan ( - 1999 )
Greater Madawaska ( 2001 - )
Killaloe Hagarty and Richards ( 2000 - )
Laurentian Hills ( 2000 - )
Laurentian Valley ( 2000 - )
Madawaska Valley ( - 2001 )
McNab/Braeside ( 1998 - )
North Algona Wilberforce ( 1999 - )
Whitewater Region ( 2001 - )
Township
Admaston (township) ( - 2000 )
Alice ( - 2000 )
Bagot ( - 2001 )
Blythfield ( - 2001 )
Bromley ( - 2000 )
Brougham ( - 2001 )
Brudenell (township) ( - 1999 )
Buchanan ( - 2000 )
Burns ( - 2001 )
Fraser ( - 2000 )
Grattan ( - 2001 )
Griffith (township) ( - 2001 )
Hagarty ( - 2000 )
Head Clara and Maria ( 1878 - )
Head ( 1878 - )
Horton
Jones ( - 2001 )
Lyndoch ( - 1999 )
Matawatchan (township) ( - 2001 )
McKay ( - 2000 )
McNab ( - 1998 )
North Algona ( - 1999 )
Pembroke (township) ( - 2000 )
Radcliffe ( - 2001 )
Raglan ( - 1999 )
Richards ( - 2000 )
Rolph ( - 2000 )
Ross ( - 2001 )
Sebastopol ( - 2001 )
Sherwood ( - 2001 )
South Algona ( - 2001 )
Stafford ( - 2000 )
Westmeath (township) ( - 2001 )
Wilberforce ( - 1999 )
Wylie ( - 2000 )
Unincorporated area
Northcote
source: Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names


The following is based on an article in Wikipedia.

Renfrew County is in the eastern part of Ontario, Canada. It is situated northwest of Ottawa and extends southward and westward from the Ottawa River. The seat of county government is in Pembroke, a city that is politically independent of the county. In terms of area it is the largest county in Ontario. (end of Wikipedia contribution)

Early History

This section is based on the article on Renfrew County in Ontario GenWeb.

The first settlers to the area arrived in the 1820's. "A survey was conducted in 1825 by Quinn and the county was for a time known as Horton." (source: Places In Ontario by Nick & Helma Mika, 1977)

The county, named for Renfrewshire, Scotland, was established in 1838. "The townships of Packenham, McNab, Horton, Ross, Westmeath and Pembroke, together with the unsurveyed lands within the district of Bathurst, and all the Islands in the Ottawa River, wholly or in greater part opposite to the said townships and unsurveyed lands, do from the time that the said new district goes into operation, compose a county, to be called the county of Renfrew." (source: A Statutory Chronology of Eastern Ontario, 1788-1981 by Thomas A. Hillman) Pakenham Township has since been moved into Lanark County.

When the District form of administration was abolished in 1849, Renfrew joined with the neighbouring county of Lanark in a judicial union. This was dissolved in 1866 and the counties have since been independent of each other.

Communities

The reorganization of county administration that took place in 2000 and 2001 replaced the 37 original townships with 17 new towns and townships. In the list of Contained Places the newly renamed townships and towns are referred to as "municipalities".

Ontario GenWeb has a sketchmap of the original townships.

The map of Renfrew County circa 1951 from Ontario Archives locates the individual municipalities, townships, city, towns and villages of the county.

Municipalities

Original townships

  • Admaston (now part of Admaston Bromley)
  • Alice (now part of Laurentian Valley)
  • Bagot (now part of Greater Madawaska)
  • Blythfield (now part of Greater Madawaska)
  • Bromley (now part of Admaston Bromley)
  • Brougham (now part of Greater Madawaska)
  • Brudenell (now part of Brudenell, Lyndoch and Raglan)
  • Buchanan (now part of the Town of Laurentian Hills)
  • Burns (now part of Madawaska Valley)
  • Fraser (now part of Laurentian Valley)
  • Grattan (now part of Bonnechere Valley)
  • Griffith (now part of Greater Madawaska)
  • Hagarty (now part of Killaloe, Hagarty and Richards)
  • Head, Clara and Maria (townships have always been unified)
  • Horton (still exists)
  • Jones (now part of Madawaska Valley)
  • Lyndoch (now part of Brudenell, Lyndoch and Raglan)
  • Matawatchan (now part of Greater Madawaska)
  • McKay (now part of the Town of Laurentian Hills)
  • McNab (now McNab/Braeside)
  • North Algona (now part of North Algona-Wilberforce)
  • Pembroke (now part of Laurentian Valley)
  • Petawawa (now the Town of Petawawa)
  • Radcliffe (now part of Madawaska Valley)
  • Raglan (now part of Brudenell, Lyndoch and Raglan)
  • Richards (now part of Killaloe, Hagarty and Richards)
  • Rolph (now part of the Town of Laurentian Hills)
  • Ross (now part of Whitewater Region)
  • Sebastopol (now part of Bonnechere Valley)
  • Sherwood (now part of Madawaska Valley)
  • South Algona (now part of Bonnechere Valley)
  • Stafford (now part of Laurentian Valley)
  • Westmeath (now part of Whitewater Region)
  • Wilberforce (now part of North Algona-Wilberforce)
  • Wylie (now part of the Town of Laurentian Hills)

Research Tips

The primary source for basic documents (vital statistics, land records, wills) for people who lived in the Province of Ontario is the Archives of Ontario, 134 Ian Macdonald Blvd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M7A 2C5.

Early Records

Civil registration did not begin in the province until 1869. Before then there may be church records of baptisms and burials. For the most part these are still held by the denomination who recorded them. Copies of marriage records made pre-1869 had to be sent by individual clergymen to the registrar of the county in which the marriage took place. These marriage records are available through Ontario Archives, on micorfilm through LDS libraries, and on paid and unpaid websites, but because they were copied at the registrars' offices, they cannot be considered a primary source.

Vital Records after 1869

Birth, marriage and death registrations are not open to the public until a specific number of years after the event occurred. Births to 1915 are now available [October 2014]; dates for marriages and deaths are later. Birth and death registration was not universally carried out in the early years after its adoption. Deaths were more apt to be reported than births for several years. The more rural the area, the less likely it would be that these happenings were reported to the authorities.
Images and indexes of civil registrations for the "viewable" years can be found on paid websites, and indexes only on FamilySearch. The FamilySearch Wiki on Ontario Vital Records explains how these records are organized and their availability.
In September 2014 Ancestry.ca announced that its paid website has been subjected to a "houseclean" of its Ontario BMD database, adding data that had been omitted and making many corrections. Its provision now includes

  • Births, with 2,172,124 records covering 1869-1913.
  • Marriages, with 3,393,369 records for 1801-1928 including Ontario county, district and Roman Catholic origins as well as province-wide civil registration.
  • Deaths, with 2,190,030 records comprising Ontario civil registrations of deaths, 1869-1938 and registrations of Ontario overseas deaths for 1939-1947.


Land Records and Wills

Information on how to access land records and wills is best sought on the Archives of Ontario website. An ancestor's land holding might be found on Canadian County Atlas Digital Project if he was in occupancy circa 1878.

Association for the Preservation of Ontario Land Registry Office Documents (APOLROD). A list of Land Registry Offices for all Counties of Ontario.

Censuses

The original censuses are in the hands of Library and Archives Canada, known to Canadians as "LAC". Copies of original microfilms are online at the LAC website for all censuses up to 1911. Each census database is preceded with an explanation of the geographical area covered, the amount of material retained (some census division material has been lost), the questions on the census form, and whether there is a name index. Census divisions were redrawn as the population increased and more land was inhabited. The 1921 census is only available through Ancestry.ca, but it is free-to-view.
Other websites, some paid and some free, also provide Canadian census originals and/or indexes online. One can also view censuses on microfilm at the LAC, at the Archives of Ontario (see address above), or at large libraries throughout Canada.

E-books and Books

  • The Internet Archive, particularly texts from Canadian universities, can contain interesting material
  • Our Roots is a Canadian website similar to The Internet Archive
  • Global Genealogy is an online bookshop specializing in Ontario material who will ship anywhere in the world.

Some websites with more local information on Renfrew County

source: Family History Library Catalog
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Renfrew County, Ontario. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WeRelate, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.