Randolph is a hamlet, census-designated place (CDP) and former village in Cattaraugus County, New York, United States. It is located within the town of Randolph. The population of the village was 1,286 at the 2010 census, out of 2,602 in the town as a whole. Randolph borders the community of East Randolph.
Randolph was the first location settled within the town, around 1820.
The village of Randolph was incorporated in 1867. Voters in the village approved the dissolution of the village into a hamlet within the town of Randolph on March 16, 2010, becoming one of four villages in the county to have approved a village dissolution plan within a six month span. East Randolph and Perrysburg approved their dissolution plans on the same day; Limestone had done so in September 2009. At the time of dissolution, Howard MacLaughlin was mayor.
Randolph was once the home of the Chamberlain Institute and Female College, a Methodist school, which closed after a fire. The site of the Chamberlain Institute is now the home of Randolph High School.